So Many Civil Servants in Civil Services of India

Benefits are good and inefficient. India has 10 million civil servants

In India, government civil servants are called the country's "steel structure". They are in charge of the state's administrative system, but they are outside the party disputes and even described by the media as "another caste." In the past 20 years, although the Indian government rotates as frequently as a marquee, the group of civil servants has remained "still motionless", which has played an important role in maintaining the smooth operation of society.

Indian says only 6,600 civil servants

Not long ago, a reporter accompanied a delegation from another country to visit some government departments in India to inspect the Indian civil service. The Indian official who hosted us said, "India has only 6,600 civil servants." This surprised us. After questioning, it turned out that in the concept of Indians, "civil servants" specifically refers to those who pass the "All-Indian Civil Service" exam and are finally formally recruited by the central government (a few will be assigned to the state governments). The total number of these people is only over 6,600, and only one or two hundred new people are recruited each year. In India, they are the elite class of society and hold important positions in various government ministries. Their role is to help the ruling party govern the entire country and ensure the normal operation of the social system.

If the statistics are based on the general "government staff" standard, the Indian civil service series can be divided into 12 categories, including central and local government administrative agency personnel, police, other government department personnel authorized by the court, audits With a total of nearly 10 million people and assessment personnel, it is far ahead of other countries in the world, with an "official-civilian ratio" of about 1: 100. If the standards were further relaxed and all personnel from cultural, educational, medical and scientific research institutions that were fully funded by the government's finances were counted, the total number of "employees of government organizations" would be close to 20 million. Just the wages, the Indian government's annual expenditure accounts for 5% of GDP.

Civil Services Jobs in India

Civil servant acceptance rate is 1 ‰

India's civil service goes back to the period of British colonial rule. In 1861, the British colonial government passed the Indian Civil Service Act, which clearly stipulated the system for the selection and promotion of government civil servants, but it was not until 1922 that the first Indian civil servant appeared in the colonial government. Before India's independence in 1947, there were only a few hundred Indian civil servants. India maintained this civilian system after independence.

In India, once you can pass the "All-Indian Civil Service System" exam and become a civil servant, it means a step into high society. As a result, fresh graduates from Indian universities almost burst their heads every year when they take the "India Civil Service" exam. The "Indian Civil Service System" exam is very strict, and the admission rate is often only 1 ‰.

According to regulations, the examination is conducted by the Federal Public Service Commission of India. It is divided into three different contents:
"All India Administrative System", "All India Diplomatic System" and "All India Police System".

For graduates with a bachelor degree or above, the entire examination process is divided into three parts:
Pre-examination, formal examination and interview, which lasts a whole year. Those who pass the final exam are required to continue their studies at the Indian Institute of Administration for two years before completing their studies before entering the central and state government departments.

When these lucky ones joined the work, they were at the rank of deputy secretary (equivalent to the section level), and gradually increased with the increase of working hours. They went through the director (department level), joint secretary (department level), assistant secretary (deputy minister level), and Secretary (Ministry level), starting with the joint secretarial level and changing to selective promotion based on competence and job requirements. As the ministers in the central government of India are all senior officials of the ruling party, they are not necessarily proficient in "business" and may change at any time due to government changes. Therefore, the secretaries of the ministries are the ones in charge of the ministry. "Executive Deputy Minister" in charge of business. They are not allowed to join any party, and their responsibility is to implement the ruling party's policy program, and they are responsible for handling various affairs in this field.

In addition to more than 6,600 people who passed the "Indian Civil Service System" exam, the central and state governments of India also held various forms of examinations to recruit a large number of "government clerks". Comparatively speaking, the content of the examination is much easier than the "All-Indian Civil Service" examination, and the degree of competition is relatively less intense. Most of the people who pass the exam only need a few weeks of on the job training to report it. Such personnel account for the vast majority of Indian government personnel, and their main task is to stick to their posts and do their job well. Unless they take the "Indian Civil Service System" exam and pass it, they will never have the opportunity to enter the "leadership" ranks, until retirement they can only be ordinary clerks, unable to participate in decision-making.
Civil Servants in India
When the reporter first arrived in India, he went to the Foreign Affairs Bureau of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Foreigner Administration of the Ministry of the Interior to go through the formalities. The civil servants were polite and courteous. In addition to a little Indian accent, his fluent English and authentic words let reporters Humbled. However, after dealing with the clerks at the bottom, the reporter found that English is still a "foreign language" category for most of them, which is far from the impression that "English is the universal language in India", and in addition to their own work, Most of these clerks are ignorant of the state of the country.

Civil servant income makes white-collar envy

In the eyes of the Indians, being a public servant is definitely a "great thing". As a result, civil servants are proud to print “IAS” (short for “All-Indian Administrative System”) or “IFS” (short for “All-Indian Diplomatic System”) prominently on their business cards, and some also indicate which one Passed the annual exam. Civil servants not only have high social status, but also have considerable income and benefits. Their monthly basic salary is about 25,000 rupees (1 US dollar is about 70 rupees), and there are many items on the payroll, such as transportation subsidies, child benefits, food subsidies, communication fees, special hardship areas or grassroots subsidies, such as the lowest level of transportation subsidy is Rs 400. In addition to the statutory holidays each year, civil servants can enjoy one month's paid leave, 20 days 'medical leave, 20 days' half-paid leave, etc., and only work about 160 days a year. There is a large green area between the three unified small-story buildings. It is two worlds compared with the cluttered ordinary residential areas. With rents in the surrounding area as high as tens of thousands of rupees, these civil servants only pay a few hundred rupees per month. It is no wonder that ordinary people with an average monthly income of only 1800 rupees perceive civil servants as a "diamond class". Even IT white-collar workers with an average monthly income of 20,000 rupees are envious of civil servants.

Even for government clerks with relatively low entry barriers, a basic salary of around Rs 10,000 per month plus housing and other benefits has also attracted many college students. Many college students said in an interview with reporters that as long as they can enter the government, it is a very good choice. According to statistics, the income of grass-roots clerks in Indian states is roughly double that of private-sector workers at the same level. In the taxation and transportation departments, "oil and water" is even greater.

Inefficiency and corruption are two major ills

When dealing with government workers in India, what impressed reporters the most was that they were generally inefficient. In this regard, whether they are elite civil servants or grass-roots clerks, the performance is similar. It is very common for civil servants to be late for work. A simple temporary press card replacement procedure was delayed for a week before it was completed. On one occasion, they could not even find the photos previously provided by the reporter, and the reporter had to re-apply. This is still the case for the central government, not to mention local governments. Some foreign company representatives talked to reporters that they applied for registration of a company or project approval in India, often without echo for more than six months.

The main reason for the inefficiency of Indian civil servants is the serious overstaffing of the organization, and the phenomenon of overstaffing is very serious. According to a survey, there are more than 600,000 government workers in Andhra Pradesh, and the official establishment is less than 400,000.

Corruption is another serious problem in the Indian civil service. According to data from the "India Corruption Survey 2005" published by the Times of India in July this year, an average Indian person pays Rs 21,000 per year in administrative approvals and public services.

Civil service reform is on the agenda

The inefficiency and corruption of public servants has made the Indian people complain. In some poverty-stricken areas, things can only be done by bribery, and the public has very little confidence in civil servants and has even led to violent conflicts. In July last year, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was besieged by heavy rain during a road inspection in Andhra Pradesh. The local government department was indifferent to this emergency. Singh was furious and set out to reform the civil service. .
Indian Government Servants Training and Development
According to the plan, reforms are centered on solving the two problems of corruption and inefficiency. First of all, the government fought hard to carry out "suppression of corruption". In Uttar Pradesh, the most populous and poorest state in India, prosecutors searched the homes of some senior civil servants and found that many people's homes were piled with jewellery and cash, and the source of a large number of deposits was unknown. These "serious rats" eventually fell into the French Open.

The downsizing is another focus of India's civil service reform. Many Indian scholars believe that India currently only needs 1/3 of the staff to complete the existing government functions. Earlier this year, Singh wrote to the chief ministers of the states, stating that "the policies formulated by the central government are heavily dependent on the efficiency of the implementation of public servants of the state governments", asking them to accelerate the reform of the public administration system and reduce the number of staff in the government. Accelerating development in all areas of the country while saving fiscal expenditures.
Indian State Services status in India

Judging from the current situation, the reform of the Indian civil service system has played a certain role in improving the efficiency of government work. However, because many problems are hard to come by, it will take a long time to really renew the appearance of the entire civil service.

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