Geographical Location and Environment of India

Geographical Location and Environment in India

The geographical location of India is really good. It is surrounded by water on one side and mountains on the other. It has various enviable ports (deep water, non-freezing), sufficient sunshine, and three crops a year. As long as there is no major natural disaster, this land. The output of food on the planet can be enjoyed by half of the world. Although India is currently polarized, the rich are extremely poor, and the poor are having trouble eating, but it cannot deny the superiority of the geographical environment.

Food and Health in India

The main Indian food is curry and flying cake, which appear on almost every table. According to people who have been to India, the Indian local flying cake is very delicious. Curry foods can look a little weird, but they taste good too. If you don’t count on having a stomach trouble after eating, these foods can be said to be delicious. The hygiene of Indian cities is not good, it looks very dirty, especially the Ganges River, which is most proud of Indians. This water area called "Holy River" is considered to wash the soul and cure. Although the sick water of all kinds is full of corrupted livestock carcasses and the water is rotten and stinky, some people will still take a bath or even drink it directly.

To what extent is the Ganges water polluted?

According to the World Health Organization, the safe quantity of E. coli per 100 milliliters of river water is 500 units, and the amount of Ganges water exceeds 100,000 units, which is 200 times higher. There was a Japanese tourist who did not believe in evil. After drinking Ganges water, he had diarrhea and dehydration, and had to be sent to the hospital for rescue.

Sanitation and Traveling in India

Poor sanitation in India is also reflected in toileting. Last year, there was a movie specifically responding to this problem called "Toilet Heroes", which elaborated on the ignorance of the bottom people in India. The public believes that building a toilet in the home and discharging sewage to the land surrounding the house will cause disasters. In the early hours of the morning, as described in the movie, hordes of women traveled to the field easily. Each of them holds a small pot of water, which is not for drinking, but to wash their hands afterwards. Because India wipes with his left hand after pooping, he should bring water to wash in time. The combination of dark woods and bare-ass women has led to rapes everywhere in India.

If we travel to India, learn to grab them by hand when eating, remember to use the right hand, because the local traditional left hand cannot touch food (only when eating).

Indians generally believe in Hinduism. Doctrine divides people into five categories: superior Brahman, Kshatriya, medium Vaisha, lower Sudra, and Dalit, the lowest-ranking person who does not even have a level. According to Indian mythology, after the death of the "primitive", the mouth became Brahman, the arms became Kshatriya, the thighs became the barks, the feet became the Sudra, and Dalit was not the original body part at all. This is the famous "caste system". Although the current system has been abolished, the concepts that exist in people's minds are deeply entrenched and can be said to exist in name only. Among them, Brahman is a monk and aristocrat and has the right to interpret religion. Kshatriya is composed of military and administrative aristocracy, and is a national political and economic decision maker. Vaishya and Sudhara are both low-level practitioners. Dalit can only do such lowly jobs as digging and scrubbing. The caste system severely constrains social development, it solidifies the class, and people at the bottom lose the confidence to be motivated.

Living environment of India and division of government administration

 India used to be a British colony and became independent and became a Commonwealth country after World War II. Therefore, the political system is similar to that of Britain, and it is a parliamentary system. The difference is that Britain is nominally the head of state, while India is the president. Yes, you read that right. The Indian President, like the Prime Minister of Japan and the Queen of England, is a mascot.

When it comes to the election year, the parliament and the state (province) legislatures first elect members, and then members vote for the president. Congress is divided into the upper house (Federal House) and the lower house (People's House). The upper and lower houses are not the same as the United States Senate and House of Representatives. The lower house, that is, the people's house, is elected every five years. The party leader who wins eventually becomes the new government prime minister, responsible for forming the cabinet. As the head of state and first citizen, the President will appoint the Prime Minister (whether he wants it or not). 

Prime Minister's Work

The Prime Minister's work is accountable to the people's house that elected him, and has nothing to do with the President. India's constitution stipulates that the president has the right to dissolve the people's house, which also seems to restrict the power of the prime minister. But there is also a rule that the President must issue instructions on the advice of the Prime Minister. If the president says he is unhappy and wants to dismiss the People's House for re-election, the prime minister can "advise" him to withdraw the order, and the president's signature will be worthless.

After the emerging of the Prime Minister, he will propose candidates for Cabinet members, ministers and ministers of state, and recommend appointments to the President. These cabinet members and ministers are collectively responsible to the people's house. If any of these ministers is impeached for wrongdoing, and the Congress passes the no-confidence case, then the cabinet and all ministers will resign in total, and none of them can be left. This is the Indian government's continuous sitting system.

Ministers of government are divided into three levels of leadership: cabinet minister, minister of state and deputy minister. The four most important ministries of the Interior, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Finance are all cabinet ministries, and of course there are other departments at the same level, which are not listed one by one. Taking the Ministry of National Defense as an example, the Ministry of Defense Production and Supply, the Ministry of National Defense Technology Development, and the Ministry of National Defense Finance belong to the Ministry of State. It is a bit like the relationship between the ministries and commissions of the State Council and the departments and bureaus.

Ordinary people who want to run for the House of Representatives or the House of Representatives need to meet three main conditions: Indian nationality, 25 years of age and above, and no illegal behavior. If anyone breaks the law, their election will be barred by law within five years, which is equivalent to China's deprivation of political rights. It is just that China has a serious plot, and the number of years of deprivation is uncertain. India is fixed at five years, which is actually a campaign cycle.

In the People's House election, candidates need to pay a considerable security deposit. If they cannot be elected because of insufficient votes, the security deposit will not be refunded, which hinders the participation of the poor at the bottom. There is also the need for candidates to announce their property and education status, so that some people with low academic qualifications and unclear financial resources can also consciously retreat outside.

Geographical Location Environment India or Indian Continent

Indian Provinces and Territories

The country is divided into 27 states (provinces), 6 federal territories, and 1 national capital jurisdiction. Although India has no territory in Antarctica, there are two scientific research bases, namely Dakshin Gangotri and Maitri. In a broad sense, these two places are also classified as administrative divisions. Here is a question for everyone. Does this capital area refer to New Delhi? I won't say the answer first, let's look down.

Below the state (province), there are four-tier institutions, and some are five-tier institutions. The four-tier institutions are: state, county, city (township), village (town); the five-tier institutions are state, district, county, city (township), and village (town). For example, West Bengal, India's third largest state, its capital is Kolkata County. Below Kolkata, there are 72 cities (townships) and 527 villages (towns). This is a typical four-level institution.

The six federal territories are the Andaman-Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra-Nagar Haveli, Dammam-Diou, Local Governance, and Raksha Islands. Federal Territory managers are not elected locally. Instead, the federal government appoints "administrators", which is different from states (provinces). The highest leader of a state (province) is called the chief minister, not the governor or governor.

Which city will become a federal territory does not mean that its population or economy can be transformed from an ordinary city when it reaches a certain amount, but that it is generated for historical reasons. From the six federal territories introduced above, it can be seen that the loose area of ​​the archipelago is not suitable for local elections, and it is more convenient for the government to directly manage it. Chandigarh is not only a federal territory, but also the capital of Punjab and Haryana. It ranks 7th in the Indian economy. In other words, Chandigarh has a very high economic and political status. It's a bit like a municipality in our country. But it is in the same camp as the archipelago, and the image has become different.

Now answer the previous question about whether New Delhi is a national capital district. The answer is no. Although New Delhi is the capital, it belongs to Delhi, and Delhi is the national capital district. They are an old Delhi.

Indian Continent Geography Politics and National Flag

Finally, to summarize the main administrative divisions of India:

Cabinet (Council of Ministers) → Cabinet Department → Ministry of State

State → County → City (Township) → Village (Town)

State → Prefecture → County → City (Township) → Village (Town)

India's relationship with China is very delicate. As the top two countries in the world in terms of population and both belong to ancient civilizations, India has always regarded China as a potential competitor. In the military and aerospace science and technology industries, it currently lags far behind China, and it is estimated that it will not catch up in a short time. However, the Indian pharmaceutical industry is very developed, and their generic drugs (say, they are cottage products) are cheap and the efficacy is first-class. 

Indian National Civil Service Examination Editors Discussion

India's civil service exams are called the hardest in the world, and in addition to being highly competitive, the exams are also surprisingly difficult. India holds a national civil service exam once a year. Candidates need to pass three levels to become a civil servant. The three exams involve astronomy and geography and take a year. Once hired as a civil servant, it means lifetime benefits. Indian civil servants specifically refer to middle and senior officials who have certain decision-making power in the government. There are only about 7,000 civil servants in India. Favorable treatment and high social status are the main reasons for Indians to apply for civil servants, which makes the examination difficult.
There is a foreign joke about India: God gave a piece of land most suitable for human life, and later regretted it, so Indians were put on this land.

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