December 2020

 How about mobile e-commerce and social media in Vietnam?

Vietnamese consumers advocate a "mobile and social media-oriented" lifestyle. With the spread of 4G across the country, Vietnamese (especially young people) have become very active in mobile surfing.

 

And 62% of online shoppers shop through mobile e-commerce instead of traditional computers. Therefore, your investment in mobile and social media largely determines the direction of your marketing in Vietnam.

 

How much do Vietnamese consumers love social media?

Vietnamese netizens go online for an average of 6 hours and 42 minutes a day and check their mobile phones nearly 10 times per hour. Netizens under the age of 35 use smartphones longer than computers and other connected devices.

 

In terms of social media, Vietnam currently has approximately 62 million active social media users, and 58% of them access social media via mobile phones. From January 2018 to early 2019, social media users increased by 13% year-on-year to approximately 7 million.

 

2021 Vietnam E-commerce Series: How about mobile e-commerce and social media in Vietnam?

Vietnam's mobile e-commerce development and trends

The rapid growth and popularization of mobile phones and social media have laid the foundation for the development of mCommerce. The current mobile commerce penetration rate is 62% (that is, 62% of monthly online transactions are done through mobile phones).

 

This is largely due to the high penetration rates of mobile and smartphones (97% and 72%, respectively). In addition, 62% of online shoppers shop via mobile phones instead of traditional computers.

 

However, in terms of mobile e-commerce, the services provided by suppliers cannot meet the needs of users. Therefore, Vietnam's mobile e-commerce still has a lot of room for development. 

Only about 20% of local commercial websites in Vietnam really cater to the needs of mobile phone users.

 

Frontier E-commerce Trends: Is "Headless E-commerce" suitable for your brand?

According to a recent Gartner report, "Headless eCommerce" has become one of the most popular application technologies for international brand owners. Nearly 79% of brands are considering, planning, or have started to use headless or API-based e-commerce architecture.

 

Headless eCommerce application

Gartner Enterprise Brand Application Technology Deployment Plan

This article is long, you can browse the content of interest in the following directories:

 

What is headless e-commerce?

Headless e-commerce VS traditional e-commerce, comparison of advantages and disadvantages

Application value of headless e-commerce

What kind of company is suitable for headless e-commerce?

Headless eCommerce essentially refers to an e-commerce development model in which the front-end and back-end are completely separated.

 

Compared with traditional eCommerce, headless eCommerce independently calls the front-end and back-end logic structure of the website through API. Consumer experience, multi-channel scalability, content maintenance and response speed, development difficulty and time cost have been significantly optimized. 

At present, the brand founder is looking forward to providing users with a unique, customized and integrated shopping experience, and headless e-commerce has significantly eliminated the difficulty of achieving the above goals.

 

Headless e-commerce development

Headless e-commerce VS traditional e-commerce, comparison of advantages and disadvantages:

Traditional e-commerce

Traditional e-commerce is more like a "large assembly line factory", and related components must be run step by step in accordance with a specific process. That is, in traditional e-commerce, the front-end must call information from the back-end and feed it back to consumers.

 

Info-graphic Flow Chart Diagram on Headless Ecommerce
Headless Ecommerce Diagram

In this case, front-end developers can only use the front-end design and process framed by the solution. If they want to change the data or experience, they need to change the database, code and front end. Headless e-commerce does not need to modify the database, allowing direct custom development.

 

Headless e-commerce

Headless e-commerce is more like a flexible, portable, and expandable tool integration package, "call it wherever you need it". Because headless e-commerce acts as an intermediary in the form of API, the front-end and back-end codes are no longer dependent on each other. 

The front-end can flexibly call several back-end modules, allowing faster customization of the website and easily improving the consumer experience.


The most important thing is that in the headless e-commerce model, "API is a service", so it can cross any channel and device and handle the e-commerce process, including but not limited to the seamless link of the following channels: 

  1. Official website
  2. Applet
  3. Native APP
  4. Smart and wearable devices (such as smart watches, order systems for vehicle dashboards)
  5. ERP and store order management systems, etc.


 

The main application scenarios of the headless e-commerce API are listed below:

Catalog data

 The catalog data can be displayed in full or incrementally using the catalog API, allowing external systems (such as mobile devices or CMS) to create navigation and content structures.

Search and Navigation

The SOLR-based search and navigation API provides search results and faceted query strings. The optimized path from each search response can also be used for client integration.

Customer module

You can use the API in this module to complete customer registration. Other functions such as address management are also part of this module.

Product information

Detailed product information (including the URL and detailed description of the image) is disclosed through API. Customers can request information about promotions, product reviews, etc., and can use a series of parameters to refine the information.

Shopping cart and checkout function

After the shopping session starts, the API can manage the user's shopping cart, including adding items, changing the quantity or deleting items from the shopping cart. 

The API can also manage shipping addresses, retrieve and set shipping modes, and add customer payment information.

Orders

After placing an order, the order API allows customers to access a list and detailed view of all placed orders.

Multi-channel

Different channels have very different user interfaces and ordering procedures, but headless e-commerce can help integrate functions such as "shopping cart", "order record" and "payment processing" in a unified link.


For the company's internal organizational structure, relevant personnel can also be empowered by headless e-commerce:

 

Back-end personnel

Customize and develop website functions more easily without worrying about dragging down the front-end display.

Front-end staff

You can fully focus on providing highly innovative content without worrying about back-end development.

Marketers

Even if they lack technical experience, they can customize and adjust content at any time without relying on development support.

Although headless e-commerce has its advantages, in order to fully stimulate the full potential and functions of headless e-commerce, companies must write a large number of custom APIs to obtain better client performance.

 

What is the application value of headless e-commerce?

Quicker

Contemporary consumers look forward to a novel, fashionable, fast and convenient, and seamlessly integrated e-commerce shopping experience. 

With the rapid change of consumer demand, this puts forward higher requirements for back-end development and rapid mapping to the front-end.

 

The framework of separation of front and back ends of headless e-commerce allows brands to update the consumer-oriented "content layer" without disrupting the "business infrastructure". Also, it allows only certain parts of the system to be delivered without affecting core business functions.

 

For example, your marketing team can initiate new promotions or innovative UI experiences without having to rely on developers and complete system re-configurations, and without testing all the core logic of the backend.

 

e-commerce products delivery via drone
Product Parcel Delivery

For another example, in terms of deploying new user interfaces or functions, headless e-commerce allows your team members to handle multiple deployments in parallel at the same time, so your project efficiency becomes more flexible and efficient.

 

More personality

Experimentation and innovation are one of the keys to the success of brand e-commerce. The "e-commerce optimal solution" is obtained by testing consumers' feedback on different offers and promotions, as well as their responses to page and content changes. 

The front and back ends are separated and the test modules run independently. Headless e-commerce will not slow down the website speed by running multiple "A/B tests" on the website.

 

Easy to customize

The front and back ends are separated, you are free to add (or buy) different components and functions, and your website is no longer a "package" transaction. You can work closely with the business team to determine which integration is most suitable for your business, and do "addition and subtraction" as you like.

 

Generally, companies that choose headless e-commerce solutions are those who pursue a highly customized platform. The headless e-commerce platform allows you to easily integrate with other third-party services.

 

Multi-channel

Through the flexible integration and invocation of API, headless e-commerce can be adapted to any mainstream channels and systems.

 

If a company is committed to deploying a multi-channel strategy, such as integrating multiple device ports (desktop, mobile, tablet), mobile PWA e-commerce, native APP (IOS/Android), WeChat H5 and applets, OMS, CRM and ERP, etc., the headless e-commerce architecture can perfectly fulfill your appeal. This is also explained in the following chapters.

 

What kind of company is suitable for headless e-commerce?

Headless e-commerce is suitable for any type of company. Whether SMEs or multinational companies, as the digital landscape becomes more complex, companies will inevitably expand in multiple channels and even in multiple regions over time. 

The "application service architecture" of headless e-commerce can bring more possibilities for the company's flexible expansion and structure optimization.

 

Generally, headless e-commerce better meets the needs of the following companies:

  • Usher in fast-growing small and medium-sized companies
  • Large companies with multiple subsidiaries, brands or departments in the portfolio
  • Companies with complex or unique business rules and ordering processes
  • Companies that need to integrate multiple independent systems with brand e-commerce
  • Companies with advanced CMS management needs, and companies with rapid changes in content

 

 

 

Black Fungus Complete Details

Black fungus Auricularia auricula (L.ex Hook.) Underw, also known as black vegetable, fungus, cloud fungus, belongs to the fungus family and belongs to the genus Auricularia. It is a precious medicinal and edible colloidal fungus in my country and a recognized health food in the world. The Chinese people knew and developed black fungus as early as 4000 years ago in the Shennong era, and began to cultivate and eat it. There is also a record of eating black fungus at the Emperor's Banquet in the Book of Rites. At present, black fungus is cultivated in various provinces in the northeast, north, central and south, southwest and coastal areas of China.  

According to modern scientific analysis, the content of protein, vitamins and iron in the dried black fungus is very high. The protein contains a variety of amino acids, especially lysine and leucine.  

 

Can Eating Long Soaked Black Fungus be Poisonous?

The protein content of black fungus is comparable to animal food, and it has the reputation of "the meat of the vegetarian". The fungus itself is non-toxic, but long-term soaks will degenerate to produce biotoxins, or breed bacteria, fungi and other pathogenic microorganisms. 

Its symptoms are the same as mushroom poisoning. Acute liver and kidney failure are often the main clinical manifestations. 

In severely ill patients Prone to multiple organ dysfunction and failure.


More changes in nitrite content

There are rumors that the nitrite content of black fungus after long soaking will increase, increasing the risk of stomach cancer. 

Studies have measured the nitrite content after 24 hours of storage at room temperature and cold storage, and found that no matter what the temperature, the change of nitrite after 24 hours is very small. The overall nitrite content has increased slightly, and the impact on the human body is minimal.


How to soak fungus correctly?

Fungus can be soaked in cold water (warm water in winter). After 3 to 4 hours of soaking, water slowly penetrates into the fungus, and the fungus returns to a translucent shape. The fungus soaked in this way not only increases in quantity, but also has good quality.


Content Organization

Name black fungus, Auricularia auricula, nicknamed light fungus, thin fungus, cloud fungus, Basidiomycota, Agaricidae, Fungus


Table of Contents

1. Category

2. Morphological characteristics

3. Distribution range

4. Planting points

5. Nutritional ingredients

6. Chemical composition

▪ Black fungus polysaccharide

▪ Adenosine substances

▪ Fungus melanin

▪ Other ingredients

7. Main value

8. Medicinal functions

9. Products

▪ Black fungus five-spice dried

▪ Black fungus wafer

▪ Black fungus instant noodles

▪ Black fungus sand board sugar

▪ Black fungus instant powder

▪ Other products

10. Recipes

11. Food nutrients


Category

Black fungus grows on broad-leaved trees such as oak, elm, poplar, banyan, acacia, or decayed wood and coniferous fir.


Image of Black Fungus
Black Fungus



Black Fungus Growth

Growing in dense clumps can cause wood decay. Fungus grown on different trees has different titles, and their efficacy is also different. 

According to the "Compendium of Materia Medica", Sang'er treats women with leakage of redness and whiteness, blood disease, agglomeration in the abdomen, swelling and pain. 

It can also cure nosebleeds, intestinal wind and diarrhea, benefit the five internal organs, suitable for intestinal gas, and detoxify.

Five hemorrhoids and anus prolapse, lower blood to treat heartache, women's sores in the vagina, treat wind and break blood, benefit power.

Willow ears invigorate the stomach and regulate qi. In addition, other fungus have their own curative characteristics.


What are the Morphological Characteristics of Black Fungus?

Black fungus is leaf-like or forest-like, with wavy edges, thin, 2-6cm wide and 2mm thick, with side

The raw short stalk or narrow base is fixed on the substrate. In the beginning, it is soft gelatinous, sticky and elastic. 

Later, it has a little cartilage. After drying, it shrinks strongly and becomes black, hard and brittle horny to nearly leathery. The outer edge of the back is curved, purple-brown to dark blue-gray, with sparse short hairs.


Distribution Area

Because black fungus is cold-resistant and sensitive to temperature, it is mostly distributed in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, mainly in Asia, China, Japan and other countries, of which China has a high output. 

In Asian region, many provinces and regions such as Heilongjiang, Jilin, Hubei, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan, and Guangxi have artificial cultivation and natural black fungus growth.


Planting Points

Black fungus is traditionally cultivated as segment wood. After substituting cultivation was successfully carried out in the late 1980s, substituting cultivation became the main cultivation method for black fungus.


Black fungus planting process Black fungus planting has a very sophisticated process, among which the main ones are the following:

Selection and construction of ear field

For the selection of the ear field, the main conditions are good ventilation and sunlight, and at the same time facilitate drainage and irrigation, and pay attention to stay away from pollution sources. 

For the construction of the ear field, pay attention to the choice of iron wire for the bed frame, which can save raw materials, have better ventilation and light transmission, and can be recycled. 

The setting of spraying water is mainly overhead treatment, which can make the spraying effect more uniform and save water resources. The spraying equipment needs to be arranged before the show.


Mixing

The black fungus dressing is to mix the main ingredient with calcium carbonate and bran evenly, and then adjust the water content to about 50%.


Bagging

The material of the bag is low-pressure polyethylene material, the specification is 14.7m×53cm×0.05cm, the bag needs to be dense enough to not have a soft feeling, and at the same time, ensure that the culture material of each bag is about 1.5kg.


Vaccination

Before this link, you need to put down the hanging curtain of the bacteria-cultivating shed, and then, pay attention to disinfect the inoculation box, control the disinfection time at more than half an hour, clean and expose the inoculation needle and sleeve, and then disinfect and scrub with alcohol. 

The seeds can be soaked in approximately 300 times the amount of clomiphene, and the soaking time is about 5 minutes. After that, they can be dried. The vaccination personnel should wash their hands with alcohol. After washing their hands, they should be dried in the vaccination box.


Bacteria

In the process of planting black fungus, this link is very important. The management of fungus is black wood


The key to ear cultivation is to reasonably control the temperature in the shed, which is directly related to the survival of mycelium. Therefore, we must pay attention to strict control and the temperature must meet the actual standards. 

Regarding the placement of mycelium, it is mainly after inoculation that the sticks should be placed in a “line-shaped” stacking method. Inoculation of single sticks with three holes and four holes, pay attention to the opening of the scar. 

The scar opening for two-way inoculation needs to face both sides, and the stack is about 7 stories high. On the top layer, pay attention to the shading treatment on the side of the inoculation opening to avoid yellow water.


Nutrient Content

Black fungus is not only smooth, tender and delicious, but also rich in nutrients. It enjoys the reputation of "vegetarian meat" and "vegetarian king". It is a well-known tonic. 

According to relevant investigation and analysis, every 100g of fresh fungus contains 10.6g of protein, 0.2g of fat, 65.5g of carbohydrate, 7g of cellulose, and also contains thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, carotene, calcium, phosphorus, iron, etc. 

A variety of vitamins and minerals, especially iron is the most abundant, 185mg of iron per 100g of fresh fungus, more than 20 times higher than celery, which contains the highest iron content in leafy vegetables, and more iron in animal food.

The highest amount of pig liver is nearly 7 times higher, so it is known as the "iron champion" in food. In addition, the protein of black fungus contains a variety of amino acids, including lysine, leucine and other essential amino acids, which have high biological potency. 

Black fungus is a kind of glial fungus, which contains a lot of gum, which has a good lubricating effect on the digestive system of the human body. It can eliminate residual food and difficult-to-digest fibrous substances in the stomach and intestines. 

It also protects against unintentionally eaten wood residue, sand, etc. The foreign body has a dissolving effect. Therefore, it is the health food of choice for cotton spinning workers and workers engaged in mining, dust, and road protection. 

The phospholipids in black fungus are nutrients for human brain cells and nerve cells, and are a practical and inexpensive brain tonic for teenagers and mental workers.  


Chemical Composition

Black fungus polysaccharide

Black fungus polysaccharide is one of the main chemical components of black fungus. The fruit body of black fungus contains 4 kinds of polysaccharides, namely: F I A, F I -B, F II and F III, among which F I-A and F I are acidic heteropolysaccharides. 

Chemical analysis of the purified black fungus polysaccharide, mannose, glucose, xylose and hexuronic acid are the main components, and its molar ratio is 0.35:0.26:0.25:0.14. 

The aminodextran analogs in invertebrate tissues, the fucose sulfated polysaccharides in marine algae, and heparin all have anticoagulant or antiplatelet aggregation activities, but the anticoagulant polysaccharides in black fungus have similar Structural difference.


Adenosine

Black fungus contains a water-soluble component that can inhibit platelet aggregation, which has been confirmed to be adenosine after many tests.


Fungus melanin

The melanin isolated from black fungus is a colored polysaccharide peptide composed of glucose, mannose, galactose, fucose and a short peptide chain. These components do not show color when they are separated into monosaccharides. 

It is soluble in water and has the physiological activity of enhancing the immune function of the body. Nitratin isolated from the fruit body of fungus has antifungal effect.


Other Ingredients

Black fungus contains ergosterol, dihydroergosterol, lecithin, cephalin and sphingomyelin, as well as vitamin A, vitamin D2 and vitamin K.


Main Value

Black fungus has been a famous edible fungus and medicinal fungus in my country since ancient times. It is the best edible fungus and is known as the precious king of edible fungi. 

Black fungus has the functions of lowering blood fat, anti-thrombosis, anti-aging, anti-tumor, etc. It is an ideal health food resource whether it is eaten directly or used as a food formula.


Medicinal Function

Chinese medicine believes that black fungus is sweet and flat in nature, has the functions of clearing the lungs and moisturizing the intestines, nourishing yin and nourishing blood, and promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.


Black fungus improves eyesight and stomach and other effects. It can be used to treat uterine bleeding, hemorrhoids, blood dysentery, anemia and constipation. At the same time, the fermentin and plant alkaloids contained in it can promote the secretion of the digestive tract and urinary tract glands, and cooperate with the secretion to catalyze the stones, and have obvious detoxification effects on gallstones and kidney stones. 

The modern medicinal research on black fungus began in the 1980s, and it was first discovered that it has a significant effect on inhibiting platelet aggregation, which has attracted the attention of the world. Wu Wutong and others extracted and isolated the important active ingredient black fungus polysaccharide from black fungus. 

In the following 20 years, a large number of pharmacological studies have been carried out on black fungus polysaccharides, revealing the extensive physiological activities and extremely high medicinal and health functions of black fungus.


Improve the body's immune function

Immunization is a physiological process for humans and animals to prevent biological pathogenic factors. Chen Qionghua et al. found that black fungus polysaccharide can increase the spleen index, half hemolysis value and E-rosette formation rate of mice, promote the phagocytic function of macrophages and lymphocyte transformation, thereby improving the immune function of the body. 

Zhang Linghua et al. reported that after intraperitoneal injection of black fungus polysaccharide in mice, humoral and cellular immunity increased significantly. Zhang Caiqing and other studies believe that black fungus polysaccharide has little effect on rat red blood cell agglutination, but it can significantly enhance the phagocytic function of mouse macrophages.


Anti-tumor effect

The anti-tumor effect of black fungus polysaccharide is indirectly produced by acting on the body's defense system, and its important mechanism is to enhance the immune function of the body's cells. 

AMisaki et al. studied the correlation between the chemical structure of polysaccharides extracted from black fungus fruiting bodies and their anti-tumor activity, and believed that the water-soluble glucan components in black fungus had obvious anti-tumor effects. 

Intraperitoneal injection of black fungus polysaccharide can inhibit the growth of solid tumor S180 in mice. Intravenous injection is effective in inhibiting Lewis lung tumor, B16 melanoma and H22 liver cancer. 

The optimal effective dose is 20μg/kg. Zong Canhua and other experimental studies have found that black fungus polysaccharides can increase serum NO content in H22 mice and promote tumor cell apoptosis.  


Anti-aging Effect

Black fungus polysaccharide has a protective effect on body damage and can delay tissue aging. It is considered to be an ideal anti-aging health product. 

Wu Xianrui et al. reported that black fungus polysaccharides can significantly enhance the flying ability of Drosophila and the swimming endurance of mice, significantly reduce the lipofuscin content in the myocardium of mice, and increase the activity of SOD in the brain and liver of mice. 

Zhou Huiping and others reported that black fungus polysaccharides can prolong the lifespan of fruit flies, increase the non-specific resistance of elderly mice to harmful stimuli, reduce the content of lipid peroxides in animal plasma, and reduce the production of lipofuscin.


Anti-radiation Effect

Chen Zhiqiang and others injected 2 mg of fungus polysaccharide per mouse into the intraperitoneal cavity of mice for 7 consecutive days and irradiated with 60Co gamma rays for a total dose of 800 roentgen. 

The results showed that the survival time of mice was 24 days longer than that of the control group, and the survival rate was 1.56 times. 

Black fungus polysaccharide has a protective effect on radioactive cell damage. Research by Fan Lisheng and others found that the mice’s bone marrow micronucleus rate and sperm aberration rate were significantly reduced, the survival rate was increased, and the survival time was prolonged by administering middle and high-dose black fungus polysaccharide solution to mice. Black fungus polysaccharide has good anti-radiation effect.


Anticoagulant Effect

Black fungus polysaccharide has the effect of inhibiting platelet aggregation, and its mechanism is mainly to inhibit the activity of thrombin. Domestic studies have shown that in vitro tests with 0.1mL of 30μmol/L polysaccharide solution mixed with 0.9mL of rabbit blood can prolong the clotting time by 2 times. 

Mice were divided into intravenous injection, intraperitoneal injection and gastric gavage with 50 mg/kg, and the clotting time was 2.1, 1.3 and 1.3 times longer than that of the control group.


Lipid-lowering Effect

Studies have reported that 300mg/kg black fungus polysaccharides per day is continuously administered to hyperlipidemia mice for 12 weeks. It has been determined that it can significantly reduce the serum total cholesterol content and atherosclerosis index of mice, and increase serum and liver resistance. Oxidizing ability. 

Cai Xiaoling et al. injected black fungus polysaccharides into hyperlipidemia mice every day. One week later, the cholesterol content in the serum of the mice was significantly reduced. 

Zhou Guohua and others used different concentrations of black fungus polysaccharides to test high-fat model mice, and the results showed that the serum triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins of the black fungus polysaccharide group mice were lower than those of the control group to varying degrees, but high Density lipoprotein was significantly higher than the control group, indicating that the black fungus polysaccharide has the effect of lowering blood lipids.  


Hypoglycemic Effect

Zong Canhua et al. tested and analyzed the effect of black fungus polysaccharide on reducing blood sugar in diabetic mice.

The results showed that, compared with the model control group, after 15 days of administration, the blood glucose of the mice in each dose group of black fungus polysaccharide was significantly reduced. 

Han Chunran et al. used cellulase and protease to extract polysaccharides from black fungus and studied its blood sugar-lowering function. 

They found that black fungus polysaccharides can significantly reduce the blood sugar level of diabetic mice when the dose is more than 200mg/kg, but it is not.

The blood sugar level of normal mice has no effect, indicating that black fungus polysaccharide has a good preventive and preventive effect on diabetes.


Other Effects

Shen Jianhe et al. found in the test results of rabbits that black fungus polysaccharide can significantly prolong the formation time of specific thrombus and fibrin thrombus, shorten the length of thrombus, and reduce the wet and dry weight of thrombus. 

In addition, black fungus polysaccharide also has many functions such as anti-ulcer, anti-hepatitis, anti-infection, anti-mutation, and promoting nucleic acid and protein biosynthesis.  


Black Fungus Spiced Dried

Choose black fungus without mold, rotten and insects, soak in water for 1 hour, cut off the base and culture medium, etc., after washing, soak in 1.5% alum solution for 40 minutes, stir several times during the process, remove the black fungus, and use water rinse clean. 

Boil licorice, Guiertong and other spices with water for 2 times. After filtering, mix the filtered juice, add sugar, salt, citric acid, etc., mix well, put in a jar, pour black fungus, soak for 6h, remove and drain, spread Sun or dry until 80% dry, and then return to the vat to soak for 6 hours. 

Boil the black fungus and juice in a pot, boil for 15 minutes, dissolve in sodium benzoate and sodium saccharin, return to the vat to soak for 4-6h and then remove, spread or dry until 80% dry, and then return to the vat to soak until all the juice is absorbed. 

When the last time it is dried to 80% dry, stir in licorice powder, seal and pack, it is the finished product.


Black Fungus Wafers

Weigh the milk powder and lard according to the amount, mix and stir, add in powdered sugar and black fungus extract, continue to stir, then add flavor, vanillin, preservatives, vitamin C, folic acid, L-lysine, and stir for later use (Used to make sandwiches). 

Add appropriate amount of water to the flour, then add powdered sugar and leavening agent, stir together, and bake in a far-infrared oven to make a crust. According to the conventional method of making biscuits, the biscuits are sandwiched and formed, cut into pieces, sorted, sorted, and packaged.  


Black Fungus Instant Noodles

Preparation of black fungus extract: 0.2 kg of dried black fungus, crushed, added 2 kg of water, boiled for 30 minutes, filtered to obtain the first extract. Heat 1.5 kg of water in the remaining residue, boil for 20 min, filter to obtain the second extract, combine the two extracts, heat and concentrate to 1.5 kg for later use. 

Layering: Pour the black fungus extract, eggs, and refined salt into the dough mixer and mix evenly, then pour the flour into the dough mixer and mix evenly, then stir for 20 minutes to make the dough flexible and elastic, then take it out and press it into noodles. 

Deep-fried packaging: Put the pressed noodles in a 150°C oil pan, fry them until they are cooked thoroughly and remove them. After cooling, they are packaged in plastic bags, put in a packet of condiments, and sealed.  


Black fungus sand board sugar

Put the red granulated sugar in the pot, add a small amount of water, and cook on a low heat until thick, add the black fungus powder, mix thoroughly, and stop the fire. 

While it is hot, pour the granulated sugar into a large enamel plate coated with cooking oil, let it cool a little, and flatten the sugar. Cut into small pieces with a knife, and after cooling completely, serve as brown-black fungus sand board sugar.


Black Fungus Instant Powder

Black fungus powder is used as the main material, combined with black beans and hawthorn. The processing method is: black fungus is washed, dried, crushed and sieved. Black beans are cleaned, peeled, degreasing, soaked, dried, crushed and mixed. 

Use auxiliary materials such as starch, syrup and salt to make fine powder; slice the hawthorn, boil, filter, concentrate, and dry to make powder; finally, mix, pack, and sterilize the three powders to make black fungus instant powder.


Black Fungus Drink

Process flow: fresh black fungus→soaking→sorting→cleaning→cutting→pre-cooking and extraction→filtering→filter residues→pulping→fine grinding→mixing→homogenization→vacuum degassing→bottling→sterilization→cooling→finished products.  


Candied black fungus

Process flow: fresh black fungus → sorting → washing → sugar stains → candied cooking → baking → packaging → inspection → finished product.


Black Fungus Sweet Soup

Process flow: dry black fungus → weighing → soaking → washing → shredding → ingredients → high pressure cooking → cooling → sub-packing → sterilization → inspection → finished product.


Black Fungus Fruit Sauce

Process flow: dry black fungus → soaking → picking → rinsing → refining → sugaring → boiling → ingredients → concentration → canning → sealing → sterilization → cooling → inspection → finished product.


Recipe

Red Date Black Fungus Soup

Method: 5 red dates, 15g black fungus, wash the dates, soak the black fungus in cold water, put them in a bowl together, add appropriate amount of water and rock sugar, put the bowl in the pot and steam for 1 hour, eat red dates and fungus. Drink soup.

Taken twice a day, it has the effect of clearing heat and nourishing blood, suitable for patients with anemia.


Sweet and Sour Black Fungus

Method: 300g black fungus, soaked in cold water, washed, sliced ​​with a kitchen knife, washed 50g water chestnuts, peeled, smashed with a knife, pour oil into the wok, burned to seven mature, black fungus, water chestnuts Put it in the pot, stir-fry for a while, then add soy sauce, sugar and fresh soup. When the soup is boiling, thicken it with wet starch, add rice vinegar, and pour some cooked oil on it.


Fungus and jujube porridge

Method: Take 150 grams of fragrant glutinous rice, 30 grams of black fungus, 20 jujubes, raisins and rock sugar.

Soak the fungus for half a day and shred it, then cook the porridge with japonica rice and jujube. After boiling, add the fungus and rock sugar, and boil it into a porridge.  

This porridge can nourish the lungs, nourish the stomach, nourish the yin and nourish the stomach, replenish qi and blood, and strengthen the brain and heart.  

 

Food Nutrition

Food name Black fungus

Content reference about the content per 100g of food

Protein 10.6 g

 

 

Trump cut funds for research on bat coronavirus, person in charge: what to do if COVID-20 comes 

Last month, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) abruptly terminated its research funding for the EcoHealth Alliance. The alliance has been working closely with the Wuhan Institute of Virology, and their research focuses on identifying and warning of coronaviruses that endanger human health.

 

Chinese media reports in previous years have also shown that the chairman of the American Ecological Health Alliance has worked with Shi Zhengli’s team from Wuhan Institute of Virology and other domestic and foreign virologists to study bats and other coronaviruses in order to find them early. And to avoid the emergence of new infectious diseases in human society.

 

Prior to this, NIH had been providing financial support to the alliance every year, and the grant was extended in July 2019.

 

Peter Daszak, a well-known disease ecologist and head of the New York-based organization, said in an interview with USA TODAY: "I am really worried that this decision will have an adverse effect on us."


Peter Daszak said: "Even if we conquer COVID-19 (new coronavirus), what if COVID-20 comes? 

What about COVID-21? Who is responsible for searching for these viruses? For the past 20 years, our organization has been Investigate the sources of emerging infectious diseases such as COVID-19. 

We work in the United States and more than 25 countries, and these agencies have been pre-approved by federal funding agencies to conduct scientific research that is critical to preventing epidemics."

 

NIH confirmed that the six-year US$3.4 million grant from the Eco-Health Alliance was terminated on April 24. However, NIH did not disclose the details of the decision.

 

Daszak said he received a letter from NIH, stating that the grant was terminated for convenience because it did not meet NIH's goals.

 

COVID-20

The Politico website first reported the cancellation of funds on April 27. A few days before the end of the Eco-Health Alliance’s funding, Mike Lauer, deputy director of external research at NIH, notified the organization that it needed to know all the locations in China that were connected to the funding.

 

The Ecological Health Alliance has been studying coronaviruses in bats in China for more than 10 years. During this period, it has established deep ties and close cooperation with Wuhan Institute of Virology. 

As Trump and Pompeo and other senior US officials have been linking unconfirmed theories about the origin of the new crown virus with China, and unscrupulous rumors fabricated by the media, the Wuhan virus was plagued by conspiracy theories and rumors during the epidemic.

 

Trump’s allegations have neither evidence nor support from infectious disease experts. The World Health Organization has repeatedly emphasized that the new coronavirus is naturally occurring. 

US intelligence agencies also publicly stated that they believe that the coronavirus is not caused by humans, but how it is transmitted to humans through animals, they have not yet reached any conclusions.

 

Daszak has been unable to clarify the reasons for the funding cuts. The Eco-Health Alliance has been funded by NIH since at least 2002. They are the main recipients of this $3.4 million in funding. "Secondary" winners include Wuhan Institute of Virology, Shanghai East China Normal University, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Peking Union Medical College, and Duke-National University of Singapore School of Medicine. 

"Secondary" winners refer to the Eco-Health Alliance acting as an intermediary agency between these institutions and the US government to fund joint research on bat coronaviruses. The US government does not directly allocate funds to these institutions.

 

Since the outbreak in Wuhan at the end of last year, the Eco-Health Alliance has not been accused of any wrongdoing, nor has it conducted any research in China.

 

According to the latest financial report published on its website, the alliance was established in 1971 by a British environmentalist. More than 90% of the organization's $16 million annual budget in 2018 came from government funding. The remaining funding comes from donations from science foundations, companies and individuals. 

The Eco-Health Alliance has carried out research projects in the United States and nearly 30 countries/regions around the world, with research ranging from forest health in Liberia to biological monitoring in West Asia. 

Charity Navigator, an organization that assesses the transparency, accountability and management of non-profit organizations, rated EcoHealth Alliance with a 4-star rating, which is its highest score.

 

The U.S. State Department is obliged to conduct background checks on any foreign institutions that receive research funding from the U.S. government, but they did not respond to requests to explain why the funding was terminated.

 

The title of the project funded by the Ecological Health Alliance in the United States is "Understanding the Risk of Coronavirus in Bats". The project began to receive funding during the Obama administration and was approved again in the Trump administration in July last year.

 

Daszak said: “This is the problem we are facing now. One of the goals of our research is to find out more about the genetic sequence of the bat coronavirus, and then provide this information to people who design vaccines and drugs. In the event of an outbreak We have just started this work."

 

Trump said at a press conference on April 17 that he was aware of the funding of the Eco-Health Alliance and planned to end funding soon.

 

On April 30, when asked if there was evidence that the virus might have originated in the laboratory, Trump responded in the affirmative: "Yes, I saw it." A few days later, at Fox on May 4 In the news studio, Trump stated that his government is waiting for a very powerful report on the outbreak of the Wuhan Institute of Virology laboratory. 

He said: "My opinion is that they made a mistake. They tried to cover up the mistake." He was referring to the Chinese government's attempt to hide rumors about the source of the new crown virus. China denies concealing these details.

 

Pompeo insisted on Wednesday that his different statements are "not contradictory", that is, "we are not sure about the origin of the virus," but "there is a lot of evidence that this virus comes from a laboratory."

 

Bob Menendez, the Democratic leader of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, has been calling for Pompeo to share US intelligence on the origin of the new crown virus for more than a month. 

Menendez said in another letter to Pompeo last Thursday: “The answers to these questions are critical because they may provide information for us to stop the further spread of the virus, limit the subsequent impact of the infection, and help us respond to future outbreaks. "

 

Linfa Wang, director of emerging infectious diseases at the Duke-National University of Singapore School of Medicine, said that scientific understanding of why and how the virus spreads from animals to humans is relatively poor, but it has been improving. 

He said that the consensus among mainstream researchers is that less than 1% of viruses that affect mammals are found. In other words, more than 99% of viruses are hidden in nature.

 

He said: "Fifty years ago, no one would pay attention to bats. Virus research is all related to mosquitoes and rodents. Over time, bats have evolved into a 'reservoir' of viruses that are deadly to humans, but these viruses. 

It does not necessarily cause harm to bats themselves, because as mammals, they have evolved a unique physiological structure that can withstand extreme stress in order to fly."

 

Wang added: "Can we predict where the next virus that jumps from animals to humans will come from? No."

 

Daszak emphasized: "Now more than ever, it is necessary to provide financial support for overseas coronavirus research, because the virus that poses the highest risk to public health may not originate in the United States, but may be in any country.

 

He said: “If we want to know anything about the next outbreak, we need to work in China.” Daszak described Southeast Asia as a “hotbed” of new viruses.

 

He said: "In people's imagination, there may be a situation where a person discards a petri dish in a laboratory in China, and somehow caused a large-scale outbreak. It's not like that. Know that every year Millions of people enter bat caves to prey on wild animals. This happens every day, and many people are exposed to the virus carried by bats every day. As long as one of them goes to the city, a cough may spread the virus. 

The purpose of our research It directly benefits the security and public health of the United States and the world. If we don’t, then when the next epidemic breaks out, people around the world will suffer."



Does Amoeba really eat human brain?

Amoeba is a single-celled protozoan. Although they are very small, most of them are only 10-30 microns, they have all the five internal organs. They even have a mouth, a pharynx, and an anus. Due to the different reproductive methods, they sometimes look like a round ball in their lives, called cysts; sometimes they become polygonal and become trophozoites. In the trophozoite stage, they can stretch out their hands and feet to move quickly. With the movement, their shape constantly changes, so they are called amoeba.

 

There are many species of amoeba. It is mainly divided into 2 categories: 

  1. Parasitic Amoeba
  2. Free Life Amoeba

Amoeba parasites parasitizing the human body are the most common amoeba histolytica, which can cause amoebic dysentery and sometimes liver abscess, lung abscess and meningitis. 

The free-living amoeba mainly lives in natural waters, relying on bacteria and other microorganisms in the water to survive. 

Free-living amoeba protozoa include Acanthamoeba, Nagri, etc., many of which can cause human diseases. The amoeba that causes children's death in the United States is Nagriya flexneri in the genus Nagri.

 

How can amoeba enter the human brain to eat it?

Nagri-Amoeba flexneri loves heat and humidity, and mainly lives in rivers, ponds, and puddles. They may even be found in hot water and damp soil. In the water, they mainly live in the form of trophozoites, sometimes they grow long flagella, and sometimes they stretch out different forms of hands and feet, and they are very active. 

When it encounters a person, it first enters the human nasal cavity, then passes through the nasal mucosa, and drills into the human brain along the olfactory nerve. 

Therefore, most people who are sick swim, and they often have a history of swimming in unclean water before getting sick. Sometimes they may be infected by washing their hair or face with river water.

 

When there is no water and food, the amoebic trophozoite will form a double-layer sac outside the body, wrapping itself into a spherical shape and hiding it inside to avoid death. This kind of cyst may flutter and spread in the air together with the dust, and when it encounters water suitable for survival, the cyst will be removed and become a trophozoite again. Such cysts can also infect the human body. 

Therefore, a few cases have no history of swimming and only exposure to dust. This shows that there are other ways to infect the human body by Nagri-Amoeba flexneri, and it is likely to be infected by air inhalation. 

 

Is Human Brain Food for Amoeba to Eat?

Nagri-Amoeba flexneri penetrates into the human brain and can reproduce rapidly, and then spread along the meninges to the center of the brain, causing purulent meningoencephalitis, vascular hemorrhage and brain parenchymal necrosis. 

Because the protozoa flexneri amoeba feeds on bacteria or other microorganisms in nature, they often live with many bacteria in their bodies, so they may bring bacteria into the brain and cause bacterial inflammation. 

Therefore, the so-called Nagri Amoeba flexneri can "eat" the human brain, in fact, refers to the inflammation and destruction of brain tissue caused by the protozoa entering the human brain, and it is not really "brain-eating".

 

Showing Amoeba Eating Human Brain
Brain Eating Amoeba

It only takes 5-8 days from the time the protozoa penetrates the brain to the appearance of meningoencephalitis symptoms. The initial symptoms of an infected person are headache, vomiting, sore throat, and runny nose. 

Since the protozoa penetrates into the brain through the olfactory nerve, abnormal smell and taste are often early symptoms that are not noticed. After 2 to 3 days of onset, the patient has worsened headaches, vomiting, and high fever, with a body temperature of 39-40°C. 

Once the majority of patients are sick, the hope of survival is very slim, and most people will die within one week. From 1965 to the present, 200 to 300 cases have been reported worldwide, with only 7 survivors. 

 

Is there any Amoeba flexneri in Eastern Countries?

Infection with Nagria flexneri amoeba is a newly discovered disease in recent decades. Approximately half of the previously reported cases occurred in the United States. The first case in my country occurred in Zhumadian, Henan Province in 1978, and was reported by Shanghai First Medical College in 1984. 

Later, Beijing Friendship Hospital reported 1 case each in 1991 and 1996, 1 ​​case was reported in Qiongzhong County, Hainan in 2003, and 1 case was reported in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province in 2006. 

All patients eventually died. It is worth noting that as the global climate warms, the disease may continue to increase.


Where does Nagri Amoeba flexneri live? 

Nagri Amoeba flexneri mainly lives in water, and it is very heat-resistant, even in hot spring water. The main way to prevent infection is not to swim, bathe, or wash your face in unclean river, lake, pond and hot spring water, and pay attention when using long-term stagnant water pipes. It is best to use a nose clip when swimming to prevent dirty water from flowing into the nose.

 

Latest Information about Brain Eating Amoeba

Recently, the media reported that six people in the southern United States were killed by an amoeba. All the dead were boys. The amoeba, known as the "brain-eating amoeba", can penetrate into the brain from the human nose and "eat" the human brain. 

This protozoan lives in lakes, rivers, ponds, and polluted hot springs and swimming pools. People worry that as the world warms, the number of protozoan killings will increase.

 

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