August 2022

 Currency Ram Encyclopedia (Raam Mudra)

Raam was launched by Global Nations for World Peace in October 2001. It issued a currency called "Raam", which was led by neuroscientist Tony Nader. GCWP is a US-based non-profit organization headquartered in Maharishi Vedic, Iowa. Rams are issued in three denominations, 1, 5 and 10 rams. The currency Raam Mudra was accepted in parts of the Netherlands and the United States at the time. Benjamin Feldman, finance minister of the Maharishi movement, said Raam could prove useful in eradicating poverty. He insists that its use in agriculture should be encouraged.

Currency Raam

Rama is often referred to as the Link of World Peace. Maharishi's movement declared that it would promote world peace, balance the economy and eradicate poverty at the same time. 

What is the value of Currency Ram?

In Europe currency Ram Mudra corresponds to ten euros, while in the USA it is ten dollars. The group used the currency to build the Peace Palace. 

Although the currency was first issued almost 20 years ago, its current state of circulation is unclear as there is no updated information about it online. 

Valuable currency Raam

There is currently no information that it is widely used outside of the Vedic cities where it is used.


What Type of Currency is Ram Mudra?

The Ram is a bearer bond and local currency issued by world peace countries around the world. It is designed to develop agricultural projects and eradicate poverty in third world countries.


As of 2003, it had limited acceptance in some European and American cities. The currency is already in use in Iowa and has been approved in the Netherlands, where more than 100 Dutch stores, department store chains in 30 Dutch towns and cities use the banknote with a fixed exchange rate of 10 EUR/Rhm.


In what denominations Ram is Issued?

Raam are issued in denominations of 1, 5 and 10 Raam, in Europe 1 Raam is 10 euros and in the US 1 Raam is 10 dollars. Raam's notes are printed by Joh. Enschede.

In 2002, Maharishi Vedic Mayor Bob Wynn estimated that Raam was worth $40,000 in circulation.

Ram differs from other complementary currencies in that it focuses on exporting products rather than improving local circulation for the benefit of local residents.

 According to the Global National Finance Ministers for World Peace, Raam is usable for agricultural projects in developing countries. 

James Dorn, a currency expert at the CATO Institute, cast doubt on the viability of the plan, saying other economic approaches would be a better way to build a network of collective farms. 

How does Raam earn Interest?

Raam, also a bearer bond, earns a total of 3% interest after five years (0.6% simple interest per annum), according to the issuer.

Since 2003, under Dutch law, Raam has been used in more than 100 stores in the Netherlands alongside the euro. Raam can be exchanged at Fortis Bank in Reermond, Netherlands.


How many Ram Bank notes have been in circulation?

The Dutch central bank estimated that there were around 100,000 ram banknotes in circulation in 2003.

A side of Raam currency note

It is also limited to cities in Iowa known as Maharishi Vedic City and Fairfield. According to Maharishi Global Financing, an agreement was reached in 2004 with a farmers' association in South America and traditional leaders in Africa to begin using Raam in agricultural development projects.


Is Raam not a regular fiat currency or legal tender?

Raam is actually a bearer bond in financial terms, also known as local currency. Bearer bonds are more of an investment vehicle than conventional bonds.

Unlike the national common currency, which is accepted by everyone in the country, it may not be accepted by everyone when a bearer bond is offered in a transaction.

The bond is redeemable at Fortis Bank in Roermond, Netherlands and Maharishi Vedic City, Iowa, information not available elsewhere.

Bearer bonds are usually issued by companies or governments to raise funds, so they are essentially a debt instrument. But the investor of the bond is not registered, so the person who actually owns the bond becomes the owner. Therefore, it can be used as a currency for exchanging money. But it's still not a regular currency, and bonds usually earn interest because it's a debt instrument.

Raam Mudra

Although it is priced at €10, it is not a regular currency because it is not legal tender issued by a state or central bank. Also, it is not widely used as a currency. 

Why is the value of currency Raam is fixed?

Raam is also not traded on the foreign exchange market and its valuation against the dollar and the euro is fixed.


Is Raam the most expensive currency in the World?

Another fact is that although the Raam was worth $10 and €10, a bearer bond was issued with a higher value. So it is not the most expensive bearer bond either. Therefore, it is not a common currency, nor can it be called the most expensive currency in the world.

World Peace Global nation has sought to gain sovereign status by acquiring land and establishing independent city-states such as the Vatican. 

They tried to buy land from several countries, but none of them agreed to sell them land to create an independent country.


How can the currency Ram become a regular Legal tender?

If the GCWP can create a sovereign state, then it will be able to create a central bank whose currency, the Raam, will be given the status of common fiat money or legal tender.

What is the other name for currency Raam?

The other name for currency Raam is Raam Mudra.

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Relationship between Bitcoin and Blockchain

Now people have learned that blockchain is the underlying technology of Bitcoin, and Bitcoin is the killer application of blockchain. Many people have also broadened their thinking and tried to use blockchain technology not only for virtual currencies but apply to all walks of life.

In fact, blockchain technology is not instantly rooted in the hearts of the people. Its development has gone through the 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 eras. Each era has different characteristics and meanings. Today, Xiaojun Jun will summarize it for everyone. In the era of blockchain 1.0 led by coins, what kind of characteristics does it have?

Blockchain 1.0: The Era of Digital Currency

In 2008, the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis triggered a global financial crisis, and the fiat currencies of various countries depreciated sharply. At this time, a person (or organization) calling himself Satoshi Nakamoto published an article entitled "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System "paper, this paper describes a brand new digital currency system-Bitcoin.

Blockchain and Cryptocurrency relationship

Bitcoin solves the problem of a constant amount of currency issuance and circulation without a central institution at all. Transaction transfers through the Bitcoin system will be broadcast throughout the network, making it open and transparent, non-tamperable and highly credible. One can safely transfer bitcoins to unknown people on the other side of the earth through the bitcoin network. The advent of the Bitcoin white paper marks the birth of Bitcoin's underlying technology, the blockchain.

In addition, it also marks that the concept of digital currency, which was proposed before 1996, was truly implemented at this time. With the first batch of Satoshi Nakamoto being dug out, the blockchain was used as the bottom layer. The digital currency system of technology has officially opened the era of blockchain 1.0. It can be said that the era of blockchain 1.0 is the era of single application scenarios of digital currencies.

The blockchain 1.0 era seems to be a kind of tinder. Although it has not yet become a source of 燎 hara, it is the first to bring digital currency into the real world. From the beginning, when cryptographic enthusiasts decrypted games in their spare time to entering financial products whose exchange prices have skyrocketed, the consensus of digital currencies has expanded tremendously at this stage.

Bitcoin is the most typical representative of Blockchain 1.0. It represents the application of digital currency in reality, including its payment means, circulation media and other functions. The most famous event is nine years ago, a man named Laszlo

Hanyecz's programmer bought two pizza vouchers for 10,000 bitcoins. This is widely considered to be the first transaction with Bitcoin, and it is also one of the enduring stories of the currency circle. Many currency friends call this day "Bitcoin Pizza Day".

Later, as bitcoin gained more and more widespread recognition, around the basic digital currency of bitcoin, people started many business and peripheral services, such as wallet, exchange, mining, and mining machine business.

In addition, the use of blockchain technology as the foundation has also promoted the emergence of a series of other digital currencies. Some old altcoins were born. Digital currencies such as Litecoin and Dogecoin entered the market and performed their functions during that period. However, most of the digital currencies at that time were based on bitcoin's code and were slightly modified. The application fields were also the same as those of bitcoin, mainly in the field of currency and payment, but there was no widespread application.

3 Main Characteristics

Here, the characteristics of the blockchain 1.0 era mainly have three aspects:

(1) Technically realized decentralization

Friends who have read our previous article know that the decentralized system is not the first time that Bitcoin has been proposed. Prior to this, there were many members of "crypto punk" who, as believers in cryptography, tried to destroy the now centralized currency. System, they also proposed digital currency, and all ended in failure.

Until Satoshi Nakamoto integrated these technologies, using the concept of "time stamping" to solve the "double spend" problem of "transaction repetition" and giving those who maintain the system / competitive packaging rights to use Bitcoin as a "mining reward" Only at the technical level has it realized a decentralized system of "free trade on the entire network and common maintenance on the entire network".

(2) Source code is open source, altcoins appear

The consensus mechanism is a very important part of blockchain technology, and this consensus mechanism can be verified by open source source code.

The most significant feature of the blockchain 1.0 era is the use and payment of digital currencies. It is also with the open source source code that the Bitcoin network is reproducible, which gave birth to hundreds of various digital currencies represented by Bitcoin at the time, such as Litecoin and Dogecoin. and many more.

Through the use of these digital currencies, in this distributed, decentralized, globalized way, everyone can allocate and trade various resources with others.

(3) Limited to the financial industry, the vertical application scenario of currency payment

In the currency scene of the financial sector, the Blockchain 1.0 era set off a wave. The first and most successful application of blockchain technology is digital currency, which resonates with many related fields such as digital payment, remittance, and transfer in the traditional financial industry, and has attracted much attention.

In the fields of digital payments, transfers, remittances, etc., if traditional financial methods are used, then it is necessary to use third-party institutions such as banks to open, account, counterparty, clearing organizations, overseas banks and other complicated and complicated processing processes, not only time Long and costly.

And the use of blockchain technology can save the complicated processing process in the middle, and directly perform point-to-point payment. Although digital currency has not been accepted by the traditional financial industry at this stage, the blockchain technology behind it has long been recognized and may bring great benefits to the financial industry in terms of processing efficiency.

But it is worth mentioning that although we named this stage the era of blockchain 1.0 from the perspective of technological development, in fact, we may still know its digital currency applications the most in this era. At this stage, the public's attention is almost focused on the price of the currency. The concept of blockchain is often affixed to Bitcoin, and at this time has not been listed separately as an independent technology attracting attention.

Blockchain Meaning and restrictions

Blockchain 1.0 gave birth to the largest cryptocurrency, Bitcoin. Digital currency applications represented by bitcoin, whose scenarios include monetary functions such as payment and circulation, are the origin of blockchain technology and a force to revolutionize the future.

Although there are many problems, including violent price fluctuations, deflation caused by the upper limit of quantity, waste of energy by mining, and restrictions imposed by governments of various countries, etc., it is still the most successful application of blockchain technology and outlines An ideal vision-world currencies.

Bitcoin outlines a grand blueprint. Future currencies will no longer rely on the issuance of central banks in various countries, but a global currency unification. This point of inspiration is crucial, it creates a way for us to solve many financial problems in the future.
Bitcoins and public ledger blockchain

It has been accepted by some markets in Europe and the United States and other countries, and has also spawned a large number of emerging industries, such as digital currency trading platforms. The digital currency at this stage realized part of the functions of currency and was able to realize goods transactions.

And, in this period, people finally connected the virtual currencies dug in the computer with the real value, which is a landmark.

In addition, the blockchain 1.0 era also has great limitations. At this time, people are still most concerned about digital currencies based on blockchain technology. The main focus is on how much they are worth and how to dig. How to buy and how to sell. It is also based on the limitations of application scenarios that the technology itself has not received the due attention, and everyone did not expect that the blockchain technology can be taken out separately and applied to other industries or use scenarios.

In general, blockchain 1.0 is actually an era from 0 to 1.Although it has various limitations, it is undeniable that it is great. The biggest significance of Blockchain 1.0 is that under the accumulation of many technologies, a new technology model of Blockchain was innovated, and then digital currency was used as a medium to solve the problem of financial payment and show the world The power of blockchain.

The fire of the stars can be ignited. At this point, Bitcoin and the blockchain have begun a journey of ten years and have not ended so far.

See also:

  • Predictions Blockchain
  • Cryptocurrencies Facts Predictions
  • Top Influential People in Cryptocurrency
  • Bitcoin Panic Index
  • Global Cryptocurrency Fund Development
  • Why Bitcoin Price falling

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What are the Most Sought After Jobs in Canada in 2022?

Canadian Business Magazine publishes official survey data each year based on Statistics Canada and Employment and Social Development Canada, and recently they have high-paying and promising jobs in Canada Data analysis was performed. The following are the 8 best job rankings summarized by our editors. Students who are looking for a job in Canada must not miss it.

1. Utilities Manager 

This position should also start from a basic level post. As they often deal with water, electricity, natural gas and other fields, they need to have a diploma or degree in related majors such as electrical engineering, oil and gas engineering.  
The utility manager is mainly responsible for daily operation, supervision and management of water, electricity and gas facilities. According to available statistics, the average annual salary of this position is $ 115,000.  
After accumulating years of work experience and certain management capabilities, this position is eligible to apply for this management position. In addition to a bachelor's degree, to take up this position, you need to obtain a professional certificate of a certified engineer.

2. Public Administration Director

The income of the director of public administration is very good in any country, both at home and abroad.  
Director of Public Administration is mainly responsible for supervising, managing, implementing and execution of public policies and control plans. 
In order to engage in this profession, you need a bachelor's degree in related stream such as business administration or management, public relations and social sciences.
This position belongs to higher paying government department officials. According to statistics, the average annual salary of this position is currently more than $ 1,00,000.

3. Practitioner Nurse

Occupational nurses have more in-depth professional studies than ordinary nurses.  
The average annual salary for this occupation is currently around $ 85,000.  
Nursing staff can diagnose, treat, and prescribe medicines to patients like doctors, but their main responsibility is to act as nurses to take care of patients' daily care. For example, practitioners need to have a bachelor's degree or above, related work experience, and may even require the relevant graduate diploma.

4. Telecommunications Manager 

To be competent in this position, not only must have solid professional skills, but management skills are also necessary. The main tasks of the telecommunications industry manager are to diversify telecommunications business traffic and manage other technical tasks.  
According to the available statistics, the average annual salary of this position is $ 88,000.
In addition, obtaining a degree or diploma in a major related to electrical engineering is also the entry threshold for this professional position. 
It is also very beneficial to have a Co-op internship experience while at school.

5. Real Estate Manager

If we want to buy a house in Canada, we must find a professional real estate agent to complete this transaction. Of course there is need to pay a commission to this manager. 
In Canada, there is a large demand for immigrant people to buy a house, but brute force sales alone cannot do real estate management.

The average salary for this position is $ 1,05,000. A senior real estate manager generally has 5 years of industry work experience. 
The manager also needs to have a related professional license for real estate and financial product sales. They also need an undergraduate diploma or degree in a business related major.

6. Economic Development Director

The director head of economic development is mainly responsible for the economic development of towns and their surrounding areas. It requires employees to have a university diploma in business development such as urban planning, economics, business management, marketing, economic development
There is also need of senior management experience. In addition to this, in recent years, many employers are also requiring applicants to obtain a Certified Economic Developer Certificate issued by the Canadian Economic Developers Association. The salary of the economic development director depends on the size of the city and the size of the staff in the economic development department. 
Generally speaking, the larger the city, the higher its salary is. According to the available statistics, the average annual salary for this position is around $110,000.
Jobs in Canada imagery representation

7. Lawyer

Lawyers are a popular profession in Canada, but it is not easy to become a lawyer in Canada. First, there is need to hold a Canadian undergraduate degree or above and also to pass the Law School Admission Test (LAST) exam. 
After graduating from the law school, the next step is to pass the professional examination of a provincial lawyer. Then a lawyer after completing the internship for a specified number of years, the career of a lawyer after the internship is logical. 
In addition, being a lawyer in Canada requires a high level of English, which is not easy for all immigrants.

8. Pipefitting Supervisor

Before becoming a professional, you need to go to the college to learn related professional courses. The work of a pipeline installation supervisor is similar to that of most mechanics. Of course, to be qualified for this position, in addition to being proficient in pipeline installation, you also need to have excellent leadership and management skills.  
After graduating from the apprenticeship, it takes several years of work to accumulate experience.  
According to the data available, the average annual salary for this profession is currently around $90,000.

Find job in canada. Canadian Job search image representation

May refer also:

Work in Australia

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Canadian Prime Minister Details

The Prime Minister of Canada is the leader of the party with the most seats in the lower house of the Canadian Parliament and the highest official of the Canadian government. There is great power in the lower house of parliament. Political parties in Canada require every member of Parliament to observe the party's discipline, and in parliament the decision is to follow the decision of the party leader.

Official residence:    24 Sussex Road
First Prime Minister:    John Alexander McDonald
Current prime Minister:    Justin Trudeau

Table of Content

    1. Job profile

    ▪ Term of office

    ▪ Responsibility

    2. Current Prime Minister

    3. Previous Prime Ministers

Job profile of Prime Minister of canada

The Prime Minister of Canada is the title of the Canadian Government Head. Canadian nationals who are 18 years of age or older are eligible to run as Prime Minister of Canada. Since 1951, the prime minister's official residence has been at 24 Sussex Drive in the capital Ottawa.

Term of office of Canadian PM

Member of the Canadian House of Commons
24 Sussex Road

The period cannot exceed 5 years, but the Prime Minister can at any time ask the Governor to dissolve Parliament and re-elect a new lower house and government. If the Prime Minister and Cabinet do not have the trust of the House of Commons, they will resign to the Governor.
The ruling party has more than 50% of the seats in the lower house, and the prime minister and cabinet are the majority government.

Duties and powers of Canadian PM

The Canadian Prime Minister has great power in the lower house of parliament. For example, in terms of diplomacy, the President of the United States does not have as much power as the Prime Minister of Canada. The power of the US government to pass international treaties belongs to the US Senate. Domestically, members of the U.S. President's cabinet are required to vote in the House of Commons. Moreover, the United States has no party discipline, so the president cannot control any voting by fellow members.

The Prime Minister of Canada has government appointment powers, such as the Governor of Canada, members of the Cabinet, ambassadors, members of the Upper House of Parliament, the chairman of Canadian state-owned enterprises, Canada Post, a judge of the Canadian Rail Supreme Court, and agencies of the Canadian Federal Government.

Current Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau

 Born in Ottawa in December 1971, Bachelor of Arts and Master of Environmental Geology from McGill University, and Bachelor of Education from University of British Columbia. Elected for the first time to the Commonwealth Representative in 2008 and re-elected in 2011. Elected Liberal Party leader in April 2013. On October 19, 2015, he led the Liberal Party to defeat the Conservative Party by a large margin to win the election. Trudeau is the 23rd Prime Minister of Canada.

The 43rd Federal House of Representatives election in Canada is held on October 21, 2019, and the Liberal Party led by Prime Minister Trudeau of Canada will continue to control the Canadian government.   

Canadian Prime Minister Details PM Canada

Previous Prime Ministers of Canada

1. John A. Macdonald   July 1, 1867-November 7, 1873
Canadian Prime Minister in 1867 and 1963
Canadian Prime Minister in 1867 and 1963
Liberal-Conservative Union
2. Alexander Mackenzie   November 7, 1873-October 8, 1878 Canadian Liberal Party
3. John A. Macdonald   October 17, 1878-June 6, 1891 Canadian Conservative Party
4. John Abbott   June 16, 1891-November 24, 1892 Canadian Conservative Party
5. John Thompson   December 5, 1892-December 12, 1894 Canadian Conservative Party
6. Mackenzie Bowell   December 21, 1894-April 27, 1896 Canadian Conservative Party
7. Charles Tupper May 1, 1896-July 8, 1896 Canadian Conservative Party
8. Wilfrid Laurier July 11, 1896-October 7, 1911 Canadian Liberal Party
9. Robert Borden October 10, 1911-October 11, 1917 Canadian Conservative Party
10. Robert Borden October 12, 1917-July 10, 1920 Conservative Party of Canada / United Party of Canada
11. Arthur Meighen, July 10, 1920-December 29, 1921, Canadian United Party / National Liberal Party and Conservative Party
12. William Lyon Mackenzie King December 29, 1921-June 28, 1926 Canadian Liberal Party
13. Arthur Meighen June 29, 1926-September 25, 1926 Conservative Party of Canada
14. William Lyon Mackenzie King September 25, 1926-August 7, 1930 Canadian Liberal Party
15. Richard Bedford Bennett August 7, 1930-October 23, 1935 Conservative Party of Canada
16. William Lyon Mackenzie King October 23, 1935-November 15, 1948 Canadian Liberal Party
17. Louis St. Laurent November 15, 1948-June 21, 1957 Canadian Liberal Party
18. John Diefenbaker June 21, 1957-April 22, 1963 Canadian Progressive Conservative Party
19. Lester B. Pearson April 22, 1963-April 20, 1968 Canadian Liberal Party
20. Pierre Trudeau April 20, 1968-June 3, 1979 Canadian Liberal Party
21. Charles Clark June 4, 1979-March 2, 1980 Canadian Progressive Conservative Party
22. Pierre Trudeau   March 3, 1980-June 30, 1984 Canadian Liberal Party
23. John Turner   June 30, 1984-September 17, 1984 Canadian Liberal Party
24. Brian Mulroney   September 17, 1984-June 25, 1993 Canadian Progressive Conservative Party
25. Kim Campbell   June 25, 1993-November 4, 1993 Progressive Conservative Party of Canada
26. Jean Chrétien   November 4, 1993-December 12, 2003 Canadian Liberal Party
27. Paul Martin   December 12, 2003-February 6, 2006 Canadian Liberal Party
28. Stephen Harper   February 6, 2006-October 19, 2015 Conservative Party of Canada
29. Justin Trudeau   October 19, 2015-present Canadian Liberal Party

Prime Minister of the Country Canada

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