Australia Country Encyclopedia


Australia Encyclopedia

Australia has six states and two territories. The legislative powers of states and territories are quite different. States can legislate in some areas without the federal intervention.

Which are the Six states in Australia?

  1.  Queensland
  2.  New South Wales
  3.  Victoria
  4.  South Australia
  5.  Western Australia
  6.  Tasmania

Mainland Autonomous Region: Australian Capital Territory

Northern Territory: Jervis Bay (Capital Region)

Which are the Overseas Territories of Australia?

  • Ashmore and Cartier Island
  • Hurd Island and McDonald Islands
  • Christmas Island
  •  Cocos (Keeling) Islands
  •  Coral Islands
  •  Norfolk Island
  •  Australian Antarctic Region

Extended Austrailan information

On January 26, 1788, the first British colonial area of ​​New South Wales was established. In 1803, it expanded to Tasmania. Since then, Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, and Queensland have also established colonial areas in 1829, 1836, 1851, and 1859.

On January 1, 1901, the six colonial districts jointly agreed on a constitution that was passed by the British Parliament and formally established the Commonwealth of Australia, and was reorganized into six federal states.

In 1911, a new South Wales state was established to establish the "Australian Capital Territory". In 1915, Jervis Bay, located south of Sydney, was moved in, and the federal government owned the estuary. In 1927, the capital moved to Canberra.

In 1911, the North was separated from South Australia and placed under federal control. Indigenous peoples are high in the area, and access to certain areas requires permission from traditional owners. Ellis Springs is a major town in central Australia and was an administratively separate federal entity for five years from 1926 to 1931. In 1978, the federal government granted territorial status and gained autonomy.

The Westminster Act of 1931 gave Australia independence and autonomy in internal affairs and foreign affairs and became an independent country in the Commonwealth.

Australia has six states and two territories. The six states were separate British colonial areas before 1901, and other places that were not under the jurisdiction of the colonies at that time became direct territories under the federal government after 1901. Australia has only two territories: the Northern Territory and the Capital Territory. Each state has its own state government, including the governor (Premier) and the state governor (StateGovernor), but the territories do not have these positions.

The power of the territorial self-organizing government stems from federal authorization. ). The legislative powers of states and territories are quite different. States can legislate in some areas without the federal intervention.

Territory can also legislate on its own, but the legislative power of the territory comes from the authorization of the federal government. The laws made by the territory can be abolished if the federal government is dissatisfied.
Oz, Australian Country. Australia

States and Territories of Austraila

Australian administrative divisions of the six states:
  1. New South Wales (NSW)-Capital Sydney
  2. Queensland (QLD)-the capital of Brisbane
  3. South Australia (SA)-capital Adelaide
  4. Tasmania (TAS)-the capital of Hobart
  5. Victoria (VIC)-the capital of Melbourne
  6. Western Australia (WA)-Capital Perth

Which are the 2 territories of Australia?

  1. Australian Capital Territory (ACT)-Capital Canberra
  2. Northern Territory (NT)-Capital Darwin
Capital of Australia

Which is the capital of Australia?

The capital of Australia is Canberra.

When the Commonwealth was established, Australia had not been able to determine the location of the capital. In 1901-1927, Melbourne was the temporary capital of Australia. The Federal Parliament held meetings in Melbourne, and many government agencies were located in Melbourne. Back when Australian nationals were discussing the formation of a unified federation, Melbourne and Sydney were each actively seeking to become the capital. In the middle of the 19th century, Melbourne was a more prosperous metropolis than Sydney. 
States in Australia

Later, with the development of Sydney, Sydney citizens hoped that Sydney would become the capital of Australia.
In 1908, the seventh year after the Federation was established, the Australian government decided to build a new city, Canberra, between Sydney and Melbourne as the new capital. The new capital cannot be located in any state, but must be in federal territory. Because construction of Canberra takes time, Melbourne continues to be the temporary capital during this time.
States and territories in Australia
In May 1927, with the opening of the Canberra Provisional Parliament Building, the Australian Government's office was relocated from Melbourne to Canberra. Interestingly, the new capital is not located directly in the middle of Sydney and Melbourne. It is about four hours' drive from Sydney and seven hours' drive from Melbourne. Since Canberra is a new city, it is well planned. Canberra's urban design was adopted through an open international competition. The competition received 137 designs. The result was won by American architect Walter Burley Griffin. The designer originally painted the Canberra street map for him and his. Wife (also an architect) painted on a piece of cotton, this precious original is still preserved in the Australian National Archives.
On January 1, 1911, Canberra and its surroundings were declared Australian Capital Territory.

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