Latest Post

What are Rave Parties?

A rave (from the verb: rave) is a dance event in a warehouse, club, or public or private venue, usually featuring a DJ playing electronic music. This genre is associated with the music scene of the early 1990s when DJs played at illegal events and the music genre dominated electronic music from a variety of subgenres, including drum and bass, dubstep, trap, break, happy hardcore technology, hardcore, house and other music. Sometimes musicians are known to play at raves, in addition to other types of performers such as go-go dancers and firecrackers. The music is enhanced with powerful speakers, often with large subwoofers to create deep bass. This music is often accompanied by laser light shows, color images, optical effects and mechanics.


Enjoying Rave

While some raves may be small gatherings held in nightclubs or people's homes, some raves have grown to be larger, such as large festivals and events featuring multiple DJs. and music venues (eg Castlemorton Common Festival in 1992). Some electronic music events have a serious nature, but on a larger scale, are often commercial. 

Raves can last a long time, with some events going on for twenty-four hours and all night. Law enforcement raids and anti-rave laws have led to violent protests in many countries. This is due to the combination (often called "club drugs" or "party drugs" in MDA) amphetamine, LSD GHB, ketamine, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. 

In addition to drugs, raves often use unlicensed and unused warehouses or airplane hangars. These concerns are often caused by the moral panic surrounding the fanatical tradition.

Rave culture at a party of adult boys

In the mid-late 1980s, a wave of psychedelic and electronic music, particularly acid house music, emerged from the acid house music scene of the mid to late 1980s in the Chicago area of ​​the United States. 

When the artists of the Chicago acid scene began to find success abroad, acid house quickly took hold and spread throughout the UK in clubs, warehouses and independents, d first in Manchester and central 1980s, later in London. 

In the late 1980s, the term "rave" was adopted to describe the subculture that grew out of the acid house movement. These events are linked to the party atmosphere of Ibiza, a Mediterranean island in Spain, which is frequented by young British, Italian, Greek, Irish and German youths who organize raves and dances.



What is Rave Dance?

The feeling of participating in a group event is one of the main attractions of music, and dance is a direct means of it.Delirium itself is a dance without a program, in which the movements are not defined and danced randomly, the dancers are inspired directly by the music, their situation and watching others are dancing. Thus, electronic music, rave, and club dance refer to street dance styles that originated in the context of electronic music culture. These songs are street dance since they started in the underground rave and club movement, without involving the dance hall. 

Naughty girls at a rave party

These songs are created in certain "stages" around the world, only known to ravers or club goers trying to reach those places. They were born at a time when certain movements began to be made and many of them are in these places, creating a system of movements that is complete, but still complex, adapted for each change of the dancer. and dance what he wants like that. these movements. 

Many rave dance techniques suggest using your body as an extension of the music, relaxing and allowing the music to flow through your body to create unique movements. 

One characteristic that all these musicals share, in addition to starting in clubs, raves and music festivals around the world and in different years, is that when YouTube and other social media started to become popular (and around 2006), these songs became available. popularized by the videos of raves they perform, record and upload their videos. Therefore, they began to be made outside of where they came from, creating different films in different countries. 

Also, some of these songs have evolved, and these dance scenes are no longer completely connected to the club/rave scene they came from. 

Also, the way things are taught and learned has changed. In the past, if someone wanted to learn one of these songs, they would go to a club/rave, watch people dance and try to imitate them. 

In the Internet and social media, these songs are often taught in video lessons and the culture spreads and grows in these media such as, and forums, Flogger and Fotolog, Rebolation, Sensualize and Free. 


Due to the lack of study that has been put into these songs, combined with the negative and incorrect information about them on the Internet, it is difficult to find reliable information outside of the video.



What is Rave Music?

The Roland TB-303 is a synthesizer used in acid house music. TR-909 is a machine used for music, home and many other types.

Rave music is often featured in DJ sets, using mixers and turntables or CDJs. 


Rave music can refer to the house, new beats, breakbeat, acid house, techno and hardcore techno styles of the late 1980s/1990s, which were the first types of music to be played at parties, or any other type of electronic music. . music (EDM) that can be played at raves. The "rave" genre, also known as hardcore (not to be confused with hardcore punk) from the early ravers, appeared first in the "acid" of Britain in the late 1900s. 1980s in parties and warehouses objects and other underground places. as in British pirate radio.

Another genre called "rave" in the early 1990s, is the Belgian hardcore techno music that emerged from the new scene, when technology became the main genre of the Belgian EDM scene. The "rave" genre will evolve into oldschool hardcore, which will lead to new music genres such as drum and bass, 2-step and happy hardcore as well as other hardcore techno genres, such as gabber and hardstyle. Rave music is often featured in DJ mixes, although live performances are not uncommon.


Refer: adult cakes in Rave Parties

Psychics use by The CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency) 

Psychics with ESP (Extrasensory Perception) include clairvoyants, prophets, telepaths, palmists, numerologists, graphologists and metaphysicians. The CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency) decided they should investigate and know as much about it as possible. Various programs were approved yearly and iteratively funded accordingly. Semi-annual reviews were made at the Senate and House select committee level. Reviewing work results took place, and remote viewing was attempted with the results kept secret from the 'viewer'. It was thought that if the viewer was shown they were incorrect it would damage confidence and skills of the viewer. This was SOP- Standard Operating Procedure throughout the years of military and domestic remote viewing programs.  It was kept classified and secret.

Remote viewing attempts to sense unknown information about places or incidents. Normally it is performed to detect current events, but during military and domestic intelligence applications, viewers claimed to sense things in the future, experiencing precognition.

Extrasensory Perception

In the 1970s United States intelligence sources believed that the Soviet Union was spending about 60 million roubles annually on "psychotronic" research. In response to claims that the Soviet program had produced results, the CIA initiated funding for a new program known as SCANATE (scan by coordinate). Remote viewing research began in 1972 at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in Menlo Park, California. Proponents ( i.e. Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff) of the research said that a minimum accuracy rate of 65% required by the clients was often exceeded in the later experiments.

Remote viewing research began in 1972 at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI)

International celebrity, Israeli Uri Geller could bend spoons and see inside opaque vessels with mind power.

 Lost Soviet spy planelocated  in 1976 by Rosemary Smith 

In January 2017, the CIA published records online of the Stargate Project as part of the CREST archive.

Britain and CIA has a long tradition of not only experimenting with psychics, but actually using them for military purposes. After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the British government removed a manual on psychic abilities from the website of one of America's top psi spies. 

Physicists Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff began testing psychics for SRI in 1972, including one who would later become an international celebrity, Israeli Uri Geller. Their apparently successful results garnered interest within the U.S. Department of Defense. 

One of the project's successes was the location of a lost Soviet spy plane in 1976 by Rosemary Smith, a young administrative assistant recruited by project director Dale Graff.

In 1977 the (ACSI) Army Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence  (SED) Systems Exploitation Detachment started the Gondola Wish program to evaluate potential adversary applications of remote viewing. Army Intelligence then formalized this in1978 as an operational program Grill Flame , based in buildings 2560 and 2561 at Fort Meade, in Maryland (INSCOM "Detachment G")

In 1995 the project was transferred to the CIA and a retrospective evaluation of the results was done. A report by Utts claimed the results were evidence of psychic functioning.

    Other evaluators, two psychologists from AIR, assessed the potential intelligence-gathering usefulness of remote viewing. They concluded that the alleged psychic technique was of dubious value and lacked the concreteness and reliability necessary for it to be used as a basis for making decisions or taking action. 

The final report found "reason to suspect" that in "some well publicised cases of dramatic hits" the remote viewers might have had "substantially more background information" than might otherwise be apparent.

David Marks in his book The Psychology of the Psychic (2000) discussed the flaws in the Stargate Project. Marks noted that the judge Edwin May was also the principal investigator for the project and this was problematic, making a huge conflict of interest with collusion, cuing and fraud being possible. Marks concluded the project was nothing more than a "subjective delusion" and after two decades of research it had failed to provide any scientific evidence for the legitimacy of remote viewing.

In January 2017, the CIA published records online of the Stargate Project as part of the CREST archive.

The term "remote viewing" emerged as shorthand to describe this more structured approach to clairvoyance. The Stargate Project created a set of protocols designed to make the research of clairvoyance and out-of-body experiences more scientific, and to minimize as much as possible session noise and inaccuracy. 

 Project Stargate would only receive a mission after all other intelligence attempts, methods, or approaches had already been exhausted.

Puthoff worked as the principal investigator of the project. His team of psychics is said to have identified spies, located Soviet weapons and technologies, such as a nuclear submarine in 1979 and helped find lost SCUD missiles in the first Gulf War and plutonium in North Korea in 1994.

Edwin C. May joined the Stargate Project in 1975 as a consultant and was working full-time in 1976. The original project was part of the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory managed by May. 

With more funding in 1991 May took the project to the Palo Alto offices at SAIC. This would last until 1995 when the CIA closed the project.

The experiment of the American Society for Psychical Research OOBE-Beacon "RV" was tested in "Phase One", which said that they invented the word "observation" as a release of the law of Rene Warcollier, which was the first of the French century of 20 developed. engineering, listed in Mind to Mind, Classics in Consciousness Series Books by (ISBN 978-1571743114). 

Swann's achievement departs from the usual form of normal testing and exhaustion of candidates, and creates a workable system that integrates information into a system called "Coordinate Remote Viewing" ( CRV).

Pat Price 

The former Burbank, California police officer and former scientist was involved in several space exploration experiments during the Cold War, including the US government-sponsored Project SCANATE and Project Stargate. Price joined the program after meeting fellow scientists (at the time) Harold Puthoff and Ingo Swann near SRI. Working with maps and photographs provided to him by the CIA, Price claims he has been able to retrieve information from facilities behind Soviet lines. He is probably best known for his drawings of cranes and gantries that appear consistent with CIA intelligence photographs. At the time, the CIA took what he was saying very seriously.

Home Research Support Center at Fort Meade, Maryland, Maj. General Stubblebine is convinced that there are different realities of different types of spirits. He wanted all his commanders to learn how to bend spoons à la Uri Geller, and he himself tried many stunts, even trying to walk through walls. In the early 1980s, he was in charge of the United States Army's Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM), which at this time started surveillance operations in the United States Army. 

Some commentators have confused the "Jedi Project", in which special forces are based out of Fort Bragg and the Stargate. After controversy surrounding these experiments, including allegations of security breaches by unauthorized civilians working in the Intelligence Compartment Information Facilities (SCIF), Major General Stubblebine retired. His successor as commander of INSCOM was Major General Harry Soyster, who was known as an optimist and intelligence officer. 

MG Soyster did not want to continue paranormal experiments, and military participation in Project Stargate ended during his tenure. 

David Morehouse 

In his book, Psychic Warrior: Inside the CIA's Stargate Program: A True Story of the Suffering and Writing of a Warrior (2000, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-1902636207), Morehouse claims to have worked on hundreds of projects. Observation, from searching for a Soviet plane that crashed in the forest carrying an atomic bomb, to identifying the two suspected operators.

McMoneagle says he has vivid memories of childhood events. He grew up with alcoholism, abuse and poverty. As a child, he experienced night visions when he was frightened, and began to develop his psychic abilities as a teenager for his own protection during his actions. He signed up to run away. McMoneagle became a remote model while serving in US military intelligence. 

Ed Dames 

Dames was one of the first five martial students trained by Ingo Swann from the 3rd level in the Observing Academy. Instead of a remote observer, Dames received no further training in visual acuity. When he was assigned to the Remote Monitoring Unit in late January 1986, he was used to direct observers (as a monitor) and provide training and practice to observation staff. He quickly gained a reputation for taking CRV to the extreme, with sessions focusing on Atlantis, Mars, UFOs and extraterrestrials. He is a frequent guest on the Coast to Coast AM radio show. 

Designing a CIA "psychic" in the 1980s 

A few weeks after the attacks of September 11, the British government of Tony Blair devised a secret plan. If successful, it will completely change the fight against al-Qaeda. As the public focused on Afghanistan, the Ministry of Defense (MoD) began a series of dramatic experiments to determine whether psychic abilities really existed. 

Can he use clairvoyance to find Osama bin Laden? Britain is not alone in this crazy journey. The CIA has a long tradition of not only experimenting with psychics, but actually using them for military purposes. After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the British government removed a manual on psychic abilities from the website of one of America's top psi spies.

Soon, the Department of Defense began to try to find famous experts on the Internet, believing, according to the documents, that those with "experience" could be "more effective". But when most of them refused (perhaps fearing that their prejudices would be exposed), they started joining the "newbie" group instead. 

In mid-November 2001, the group of young psychics were taken to a private rented house with "minimum environmental distractions", where experiments began.

The technique used by the MoD and the CIA is called "surveillance", defined as "acquiring and interpreting, through logic, information that is withheld from common sense". The interviewers had to guess what it was and reproduce it on a blank sheet of paper. 

Officially, the purpose of these experiments has not been confirmed. But when the details were first reported in 2007, experts had no doubt that it was 9/11 related, especially because of the timeline of the project. "You don't spend that kind of time and effort finding money on the couch," said Nick Pope, who heads the MoD's UFO investigation. "We need to talk about bin Laden and weapons of mass destruction." 

The problem is that the human brain likes to see patterns, even where they exist. It is hard for us to understand that some things are just coincidence. It is this quality that makes the rumor of Satan "behind the back" and fear, or the declaration of God's prophecy in "Biblical code."


Cold War Ghosts 

The MoD test in 2001 appears to be the only serious test of the British military. But America and Russia have been facing each other in the "ESP race".

The role of psychics in the modern military can be traced back to a French report in the 1960s, which said that the US Navy managed to communicate with nuclear submarines telepathically.

 Western intelligence agencies laughed at him, noting that the magazine had fallen into the trap. But the Soviets took it seriously, and enthusiastic researchers used it as ammunition to get Communist money. 

In true Cold War style, Russian scientists were quick to brag about their impressive results and even published an unpublished study from the 1930s claiming to have successfully demonstrated telepathy.

As the American people watch the extraordinary announcements coming out of Moscow, it is their turn to be lied to. After all, if the Soviets were really using psychic power, it would give them a huge military advantage that could destroy the United States. And since it is difficult to deny that it is all real, the scientists who oppose it are ridiculed as "conservatives", while the believers in ghosts are called "the in progress". "The familiar old divide between those who do and those who do not need an accepted perspective before they can grasp a new reality," said a newspaper in 1961. "There's always a new discovery coming out." 

The following year, the CIA sent a representative to the UK to contact top academics in Oxford, Cambridge and London who were interested in studying psychic abilities. Notes from the visit suggest that British "experts" on the subject may be more cautious in their approach than Americans. "The people I interviewed were interested in talking about ESP," the CIA official wrote, "but they didn't want to go into detail." 

The United States did in a different way, however, by bringing a small army of people who declare themselves to the CIA, using the principles of observation. It is not known how many of these people actually believe they have ESP, but the CIA is still interested.

In the early 1980s, he commissioned an angel to Mars. The victim reported from his vision, saying that he had seen "ancient people" wearing different clothes. The CIA has released a detailed account of the incident, which reads like a narcotic. 

In 1987, another seer photographed the US President sitting at his desk. The caption below reads, "Although denied, President Reagan is terminally ill and will not complete his term." Reagan lived another 17 years. 

Psychics and the military

The US military has used mediums in real-life situations long before the British began experimenting after the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

But for the CIA, it's an opportunity to put its psychological analysis to the test. Documents show that the agency conducted hundreds of surveillance sessions in an effort to obtain information about the detainees, their captors and possible escape routes.

When the most famous American officer, Brigadier General James L. Dozier was abducted by the Communist Red Brigades a few years later, and the media started doing something else. 

Remarkably, it seems that everything they said was valid evidence and handed over to investigators. The case of Lebanon 

In 1988, Lieutenant Colonel Rich Higgins of the US Navy was driving along the coastal highway in Lebanon through the ancient city of Tyre. His colleagues lead the way, returning to their offices at the headquarters of the UN peacekeeping mission. But when they reached a sharp point in the road, they forgot to see Higgins' jeep. At that time, three men with guns appeared, stopped the car and subdued it. Higgins was taken away at gunpoint.

In the United States, President Reagan told reporters, "We're still investigating, trying to find out more about this." But how did the investigation go? The day after the kidnapping, an order was sent to the CIA psychic spy team: "MESSAGE: Determine the location of US Marine Corps LTC William Rich Higgins." 

From the beginning, there was no consensus among the remote observers, and the books show how they invented almost any possibility. The interviewer said Higgins was being held "near the ground, a tunnel or a bridge". Another said he was in a "good old house". A third said: "[Higgins] is geometrically in shape." 

Importantly, most of their readings are not very specific to each other, which means that they can be applied to many situations in Lebanon. His location is described as "a mountainous area with stones" and "a kind of farming area, with animals like goats". Scientists say there is an "ancient feeling in the area" with people who are "soft and shy". "They wear scarves of different colors on their heads." 

Obviously, the information is useless. But there's one thing most fans seem to agree on: Rich Higgins will be great. "It won't hurt him," said one. Another added: “He can be released easily. However, he will be released shortly after March 17, 1988.” It seems that everything will be fine.

Even after a video was released showing Higgins in captivity, psychics said he was "angry" and "terrified" but that he had been punished and "is doing well now". "The reality is that Higgins will be brought back unharmed," they said.

Finally, the remote viewers lined up and said what everyone agreed on: Rich Higgins had been killed. Finally, the long and difficult thing is over - but not before the experts have time to find out the secret of his death, and their wonderful paintings.


Rich Higgins' body was not found until late 1991. He was brought back to Washington to be buried with military honors. By then, the CIA's masterminds had already moved on to their next project. Nothing can make them deny their beliefs. In fact, in the same year, the company said that the Russian researcher had "completed his process" of "spiritual transmission". However, in the end, the psychics cried out. 

In 1995, Project Stargate was abandoned after its process and conclusion ended. Discussing the work, scientists in the US attacked psychic spies, saying there was a "strong case" to stop their work. 

Another analysis said: “The overwhelming amount of data generated by the viewers is vague, general, and way off target. The few apparent hits are just what we would expect if nothing other than reasonable guessing and subjective validation are operating.”

Six years passed before Tony Blair’s government picked up the baton after 9/11. After testing a series of wannabe psychics in their secret location, the MoD finally concluded that they had been “almost completely unsuccessful” and the results were “disappointing”

“The remote viewing study was conducted to assess claims made in some academic circles and to validate research carried out by other nations on psychic ability,” a government spokesperson said, when details of the experiments were later revealed. “The study concluded that remote viewing theories had little value to the MoD and was taken no further.”

Ukrainian journalists share their stories of war

Hear Igor Burdyga and Kateryna Semchuk explain what it's like working in a homeland under threat. Plus British author Oliver Bullough and chair Daniel Trilling.

Paul Smith’s psychic school is located in an industrial park on the outskirts of Cedar City. It could be an accountant's office except for a decal of a pyramid and an all-seeing eye on the door.

It’s called Remote Viewing Instructional Services, and inside half a dozen students hailing from Colorado to Canada are practicing before their first session.

Remote viewing is a form of extrasensory perception, or ESP, where practitioners learn to describe an object, which might be on the other side of the world, without using any of their five senses.

The entrance to Remote Viewing Instructional Services where students learn the psychic method of remote viewing is seen in Cedar City, Utah.

In Smith’s version, a “manager” gives a “viewer” an arbitrary number. It represents a target that could be anything from the Eiffel Tower to a terrorist’s location. But the student doesn’t know what that is.

The viewer listens to the number and then something happens. Even Smith said he doesn’t know what exactly. But the students quickly sketch the target, and before them on paper appears whatever impression they received.

“While I was in what has become known as the Stargate program I was an operational remote viewer, which meant that I actually did applied remote viewing projects to try and gain intelligence information from potential foreign threats,” said Smith. Those threats included the Soviet Union, Chinese businesses and narco traffickers.

Smith grew up in a small town in Nevada. He joined the Army as an Arabic linguist and was in intelligence at Fort Meade, Maryland, when he was recruited into Stargate. The program lasted from 1978 to 1995 and cost as much as $20 million according to declassified documents and former operators.

Although Stargate was abandoned by the military, a cottage industry has grown around remote viewing. Some two-dozen schools offer lessons and services to civilians. Smith’s week-long program costs $3,000. He said it’s the Cadillac option because of his CIA training.

Working by Police and Psychics

These mediums include clairvoyants, prophets, telepaths, palmists, numerologists, graphologists and metaphysicians. Psychologists and researchers base their work on intuition to some extent. Dorothy Allison of Nutley, NJ has assisted the police in more than 4,000 investigations and has received numerous letters from law enforcement agencies explaining how she has helped them. 

To provide information in crime investigations, many psychics like to have stories or photos of the victim or visit the victim's home or crime scene. Allison only asks for the person's date and place of birth and the date and place they were last seen. 

Professional Psychics United (PPU), a network of more than 380 psychics, has a volunteer psychic rescue team. 

PPU ghosts are usually only involved when contacted by the police. Paul Kurtz, head of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Paranormal Claims, dismisses paranormalists completely, saying that most of their findings are really speculation. 

A 1993 article in the organization's journal found that 31 of the 50 major police departments surveyed did not take action. The FBI does not employ psychics or plans to use them, although it says they, like other citizens, can provide information for investigation by law enforcement officials. Angels and their detractors differ in their values, but they will continue to be involved in criminal investigations.

In the 1970s, a brilliant former Israeli soldier promoted extrasensory perception, or ESP. Uri Geller claims that he can use his mind to bend spoons, see into sealed bags, and even read other people's minds.

It's great TV. But outside, Geller has also attracted members of the intellectual community.

"That's where it gets really interesting, because scientists are like, 'Wait a minute, maybe we can read the minds of other government officials; maybe we can to see inside a nuclear facility in Russia," said National Security Correspondent Annie Jacobsen. . 

   Little brown 

It seems unbelievable, but it is true. Writing in the now declassified documents, Jacobsen chronicled nearly a decade of US government efforts to use Uri Geller, and others like him, for espionage. But there has been a long history, Jacobsen said, that the Kremlin is also experimenting with ways to use ESP to handcuff people.

"There is an undisclosed article that talks about the real threat of the Pentagon quoting Uri Geller as saying that if he can bend metal with his mind, he can use his mind to jam the most powerful electronic devices of nuclear weapons.




    For more info: 


Organic food, biological food or ecological food is food and drink produced using methods that are compatible with the organic principles of agriculture. Principles vary around the world, but agriculture is a practice that recycles resources, promotes ecological balance and preserves biodiversity. Organizations that regulate organic products may restrict the use of certain pesticides and fertilizers in the agricultural practices used to produce these products. Organic foods are not processed with irradiation, industrial solvents, or synthetic food additives.


What are the Standards for Organic Foods in India?

Organic foods are regulated by Food Safety and Standards (Organic Foods) Regulations, 2017.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has the absolute authority to regulate manufacture, distribute, sell or import “organic foods” per the provisions laid under Sec. 22 of the Food Safety Standards Act, 2006.

The Regulations aim to benefit farmers by way of increasing their income. These Regulations recognizes two systems of certification i.e. Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) implemented by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) implemented by Ministry of Commerce and Industry. These regulations ensure integrity of the Organic Food products, and help in controlling unscrupulous practices in the market.

Indian organic food and crops market

These regulations came into force from the date of their publication in the Government Gazette, however the enforcement against these standards started from 01-July-2018.

The Offences and Penalties for the Food Business Operators who are not complying with the FSS Act, are provided under Section 48 and 49 of the FSS Act.


Who are exemption from the need of verification of compliance on organic food?

Organic food which is marketed through direct sales to the end consumer by the small original producer or producer organization is exempted from provisions of the certification.

Indian organic food products

Small original producer or producer organisation is the one whose annual turnover is not exceeding Rs 12 Lakh p.a.

Small aggregators upto turn over of Rs. 50 lakhs can aggregate and sell organic products from exempted farmers.


Which is the top most organic food brand in India?

The top most organic food brand in India is organicfooda which is praised by all its customers, even rivals in the industry.

Top Indian organic food brand logo


Where can i buy organic food in India from?

You may buy organic food in India from online organic food selling sites or specialized shops that sell organic foods rather than from a generic departmental store.

Organic food sale and purchase in India

What is the market size of organic food products in India?

The market size of organic food products in India is about 1000 crore rupees.

Indian organic food market size infographics


What is Microbiological Contamination of Organic food?

Agriculture has a preference for using food as fertilizer, compared to farming in general. This practice seems to be involved in the high risk of microbiological contamination, such as E. coli O157:H7, through organic consumption. But studies have found little evidence that actual outbreaks may be linked to organic food production. Germany E 2011. coli O104:H4. However, was attributed to fenugreek plant growth.



What is the Indian public opinion about organic food?

There is a public belief in India that nutritious food is safer, more nutritious and tastier than conventional food, which has contributed significantly to the development of food culture.

Although there may be some differences in the nutrients and antinutrients of processed and conventional foods, the changing nature of food production, shipping, storage and handling makes aggregation difficult. Claims that "food tastes better" are often not supported by experiments, but consumers often perceive organic food products such as fruits and vegetables to be tastier.

Consumers buy organic food for many reasons, including concerns about the impact of agricultural practices on the environment, human health and animal welfare.

In general, it appears that the preference of organic food varies by demographic group and behavioral characteristics. 

An American study found that women, young people, liberals and college graduates are more likely to buy organic food regularly than men, the elderly, the politically diverse and the educated. not good. In this same study, income level and race/ethnicity did not affect preference for organic food. 

In addition, people with less religious affiliation are more likely to buy organic food than those with less religious affiliation. 

In addition, seeking out natural foods was closely related to valuing vegetarian/vegan food options, valuing “natural” food options, and valuing American-made food options. Meat can also appeal to people with other restricted foods. One study found that people who follow a vegetarian, vegan, or pescetarian diet include more nutrients in their diet compared to omnivores.

A 2020 study on the sale of processed organic food shows that after strong growth in the new organic food sector, consumers have begun to buy processed organic food, which they sometimes think is good but is also better than the non-organic variety. and marketing information.

The most important reason for buying organic food seems to be the belief about the product' useful health properties and high nutritional value. The organic food industry promotes these beliefs and has fueled the rise of organic food consumption despite high costs and difficulties in science to support the claimed benefits. Nutrition labels also encourage consumers to view the product as having more nutritional value. Psychological effects such as the "halo" effect are also important motivators in buying organic food. For example, one study has shown that organic cookies are considered to be lower in calories than other cookies.


What is the taste of organic food in India?

There is no evidence that Indian organic food tastes better than their non-organic counterparts. Some organic fruits appear to be drier than conventionally grown fruits. 

Some foods that are picked when they are not yet harvested, such as bananas, are prevented from ripening when they are shipped to market and ripened quickly by exposing them to propylene or ethylene, chemicals that plants produce to make them ripen themselves, such as changes in flavor. and the texture at the time of ripening, this process can affect these characteristics of the treated fruits. 

Dried fruits can have more heat because of the higher aromatic content.



What is the chemical composition of organic food or organic farm products?

Vegetables at the Organic Farmers Produce Market

Regarding the chemical differences in the processing of food from agriculture compared to food from agriculture, studies have analyzed the differences in food, barriers and pesticide residues. These studies generally suffer from confounding variables and are difficult to interpret because of the differences in the tests performed, the research methods and because of the factors involved.

Facts about organic farming in India

Agriculture affects the chemical composition of food, these changes include:

1. Climate change (from time to time and from place to place)

2. Crop treatment (fertilizers, pesticides, etc.)

3. Soil composition

The cultivar is used and, in the case of meat and dairy products, the number of animal production. The treatment of goods after the first collection (whether the milk is pasteurized or raw), the time between collection and analysis, as well as transport and storage conditions, also affect the chemical composition of the given food.

 In addition, it is shown that organic products are drier than the original products; A high content in any chemical class can be defined by a concentration higher than the absolute limit. What are the nutrients in organic food?

Many people believe that organic foods are more nutritious and therefore better than processed foods. However, scientists have not yet agreed that this is the case because field research has not shown consistent results.

A 2009 systematic review found that organic foods are not higher in vitamins and minerals than foods that are produced earlier.

A systematic review found that nitrogen content is lower and phosphorus content is higher in organic products compared to conventionally grown foods. The content of vitamin C, calcium, potassium, total soluble solids, copper, iron, nitrates, manganese and sodium does not differ between the two categories.

A 2011 study found that organic foods generally have a higher micronutrient content than conventionally processed foods. A 2012 review of the scientific literature found no significant differences in the vitamin content of plants and plants or animals, and found that the results varied between studies.

 Produce studies on the content of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) (31 studies), beta-carotene (the first component of vitamin A) (12 studies) and alpha-tocopherol (a form of vitamin E) (5 studies), Milk studies reported levels of beta-carotene (4 studies) and alpha-tocopherol (4 studies).

A few studies have looked at the vitamin content of meat, but they found no difference in beta-carotene in beef, alpha-tocopherol in pork or beef, or vitamin A (retinol) in beef. The authors analyzed 11 other foods reported in product studies.

Likewise, organic chicken has higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids than conventional chicken. The authors of the paper found no difference in protein or fat content in skimmed milk.


A 2016 systematic review and meta-analysis found that organic meat has equal or slightly lower levels of saturated fat and monounsaturated fat than conventional meat, but a higher level of total and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. . Another meta-analysis published the same year found no significant difference in saturated and transfat levels between regular and normal milk, but higher levels of total and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in milk organic than conventional milk.


Food restrictions

The nitrogen content of some vegetables, especially green vegetables and tubers, has been found to be low compared to crops.

Previous literature reviews found no clear evidence that levels of arsenic, cadmium, or other heavy metals differed significantly between organic products and food products. However, a 2014 study found low levels of cadmium, especially in young fruit.

When analyzing environmental toxins such as heavy metals, the USDA says that the chicken that is cooked may have low levels of arsenic.



Studies on the phytochemicals of organic fruits have many weaknesses, including lack of measurement and poor reporting of change patterns, data duplication or selection bias, publication bias, lack of power in studies comparing pesticide residue levels. and organic and plant, Geographic origin of the sample, and the inconsistency of the farm and when the harvest method.

A 2014 meta-analysis of 343 phytochemical studies found that organic crops contained less cadmium and pesticide residues and 17% higher polyphenol content than organic crops. The concentrations of phenolic acids, flavanones, stilbenes, flavones, flavonols, and anthocyanins are elevated, with flavanones being as high as 69%.

Pesticide residues

The amount of pesticides that remain in food or in food is called. In the United States, before a pesticide can be used on crops, the United States Environmental Protection Agency must determine whether the pesticide can be used without risk to human health.


Choosing organic food and farming

A 2012 meta-analysis determined that detectable pesticide residues were found in 7% of organic product samples and 38% of commodity samples. The results are different, which may be due to the different levels of research used in these studies.

Only three studies reported that the contamination exceeded the permissible limit; all from the European Union.

 A 2014 meta-analysis found that conventionally grown crops were nearly four times more likely to produce crops than crops.


The American Cancer Society has stated that there is no evidence that the small amount of pesticide residue found in conventional foods will increase the risk of cancer, although it recommend washing fruits and vegetables thoroughly. They also stated that there is no research that shows that organic foods reduce the risk of cancer compared to foods that come from conventional farming methods.


The Environmental Protection Agency maintains strict guidelines on pesticide regulation by imposing tolerances on pesticide residues in or on certain foods.[107][108] Although some residues may persist at harvest, residues decrease as the pesticide breaks down over time. In addition, as the products are washed and processed before sale, the residue is reduced.


How much do parasites and animal products cost?

A meta-analysis of 2012 determined that the increase in E. coli contamination is not statistically significant (7% in organic products and 6% in conventional products). Differences in the spread of pathogens between domestic and wild animal products are also nonsignificant.


In the 21st century, the European Union, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Japan and many other countries require producers to obtain a special certificate to market their food as organic. Although home grown produce may be organic, the sale of organically labeled food is regulated by government food safety agencies, such as the US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Organic Program or the European Commission. (EC).

From an environmental perspective, fertilizers, over-production and use of pesticides in agriculture can have a negative impact on the environment, soil health, biodiversity, groundwater and water. Environmental and health problems are intended to be reduced or avoided in organic farming.

The demand for organic food is often driven by consumer concerns for personal health and the environment, such as the negative environmental effects of pesticides.

 From a scientific and consumer point of view, there is not enough evidence in the scientific and health literature to support the claim that organic food is more safe or healthy than eating more food.

 Subsistence farming has higher production costs and lower yields, higher labor costs and higher consumer prices compared to conventional farming methods.

The idea that organic food could be better and better for the environment began during the movement following books such as the 1943 book The Living Soil and Farming and Gardening for Health or Disease (1945). During the industrial age, organic farming reached a low level of popularity in the United States in the 1950s. In the 1960s, environmentalists and the counterculture advocated organic food, but it was only in the 1970s that the national diet began.


Early adopters who are interested in organic foods are looking for foods that are chemical-free, pesticide-free, fresh, or minimally processed. They tend to buy directly from the producers. Over time, "Know your farmer, know your food" became the motto of the new plan established by the USDA in September 2009. 

The personal definition of what constitutes "organic" was created from the first experience: talking to farmers , to see the state of agriculture and agriculture. Small farms that grow vegetables (and livestock) using organic farming methods, with or without certification, inspect the consumer.

Small specialty health food stores and companies have helped in bringing organic food to the target audience. As the demand for organic food continues to grow, high prices from supermarkets such as supermarkets are quickly replacing direct links with farmers.

Today, many large farms have an organic section. However, for consumers, food production is not easy to see, and product labels, such as "certified organic", are used.

Currently, the European Union, the United States, Canada, Japan, and many other countries require producers to obtain a special certificate based on specific government regulations to sell organic food within their limits. Under these standards, foods sold as organic are produced in accordance with organic standards set by national governments and international trade associations. 

The National Organic Program (administered by the USDA) oversees the legal definition of agriculture in the United States and conducts organic certification.

Government regulations and other investigators are contacted for assurance. Food production is very different from home gardening. In the EU, organic farming and food are often referred to as sustainable or organic, or the abbreviations 'eco' and 'organic'.

In the United States, organic production is regulated according to the Organic Food Production Act of 1990 (OFPA) in accordance with the principles of Title 7, Part 205 of the Code of Federal Regulations to meet site-specific conditions by applying cultural, biological and cultural. a beneficial mechanical condition that promotes the recycling of resources, promotes environmental balance and preserves biodiversity. If it involves livestock, livestock should be raised with regular access to food without regular use of antibiotics or growth hormones.

Nutritious foods usually only contain nutrients. If non-organic material is present, at least some percentage of the plant and animal food must be organic (95% in the United States, Canada and Australia). Foods that claim to be organic must be free of artificial food additives and are often processed with minimal artificial methods, materials and conditions, such as chemical roasting, incineration and processed ingredients.

Herbs are acceptable as long as they are not synthetic. However, according to the United States Federal Organic Standards, if pests and diseases are not controlled by management methods or pesticides and herbicides, "something on the National List of Synthetic Substances approved for use in produce plant products that can be used to prevent, prevent or control pests, weeds or diseases." 

Many groups have called for organic regulations to ban nanotechnology based on the precautionary principle because of the unknown dangers of nanotechnology. The use of products based on nanotechnology in the production of organic food is prohibited in some regions (Canada, the UK and Australia) and there is no law in others.


To be certified organic, products must be grown and manufactured in a manner that adheres to standards set by the country they are sold in:

          Australia: NASAA Organic Standard


          European Union: EU-Eco-regulation

o          Sweden: KRAV

o          United Kingdom: DEFRA

o          Poland: Association of Polish Ecology

o          Norway: Debio Organic certification

          India: National Program for Organic Production (NPOP)

          Indonesia: BIOCert, run by Agricultural Ministry of Indonesia.

          Japan: JAS Standards

          Mexico: Consejo Nacional de Producción Orgánica, department of Sagarpa

          New Zealand: there are three bodies; BioGro, AsureQuality, and OFNZ

          United States: National Organic Program (NOP) Standards

In the United States, there are four different levels or categories for organic

1.        "100% Organic": This means that all ingredients are produced organically. It also may have the USDA seal.

2.        "Organic": At least 95% or more of the ingredients are organic.

3.        "Made With Organic Ingredients": Contains at least 70% organic ingredients.

4.        "Less Than 70% Organic Ingredients": Three of the organic ingredients must be listed under the ingredient section of the label.

In the U.S.A, the food label "natural" or "all natural" does not mean that the food was produced and processed organically


Health and Safety with Organic Food Products

There is very little scientific evidence on the human health benefits or harms of eating foods rich in organic foods, and it is difficult to conduct rigorous experiments on this topic. In ten of the included studies (83%), the most common outcome was changes in antioxidant activity. 

Infographics showing health and safety with organic products in India

Antioxidant levels and activity are useful biomarkers but do not directly correlate with health outcomes. In the remaining two papers, one documented the atopic events of the proxy reported as the main health factor, while the other paper analyzed the fatty acid composition of breast milk and contributed to the health benefits that infants may have. . from breast milk." 

Also, as mentioned above, the difficulty in accurately and precisely measuring the chemical differences between organic and traditional foods makes it It is difficult to derive medical advice based solely on chemical analysis. 

According to a recent review, studies have found negative effects of some toxic drugs on children's cognitive development at current exposure levels. Many pesticides exhibit neurotoxicity in laboratory animal models and some are considered endocrine disruptors. 

As of 2012, the scientific consensus is that "consumers may choose to buy organic fruits, vegetables and meat because they believe they are more nutritious than other foods... the balance of things The current scientific evidence does not support this theory." 

Evidence of beneficial health effects from eating nutritious foods is limited, leading researchers to call for long-term studies. In addition, studies suggesting organic foods may be better than conventional foods face important methodological challenges, such as the relationship between organic food consumption and known promote healthy living.

The widespread use of antibiotics in livestock using non-organic meats is a major cause of antibiotic resistance. Environmental support

From an environmental point of view, fertilizers, overproduction and use of pesticides in agriculture have caused and are causing massive damage to the environment, soil health, biodiversity, and supply groundwater and drinking water, and sometimes the health and fertility of farmers.

Organic farming reduces some of the environmental impacts compared to conventional farming, but the extent of the reduction can be difficult to quantify and varies depending on the farming method. In some cases, reducing food waste and food conversion can provide greater benefits.


What is the exposure to pesticides on organic foods?

The promise of improving food safety has focused on pesticide residues. The reason for these concerns is the fact that "

(1) Acute and chronic exposure to pesticides can have serious health effects;

 (2) Food products have sometimes been contaminated with pesticides, which can cause severe poisoning

(3) Most, if not all, commercially grown foods contain traces of agricultural pesticides."

Toxicological research of synthetic chemicals, without similar research of natural chemicals, has resulted in an imbalance in both data and understanding of chemical carcinogens. The three points we discussed show that natural chemicals should be compared with synthetic chemicals.

1.) The vast majority of chemicals that humans are exposed to are self-inflicted. However, the public often views chemicals as only synthetic and thinks that synthetic chemicals are toxic even though all natural chemicals are toxic in some form. The average American's daily exposure to pesticides in food is 2,000 mg, and exposure to natural pesticides (chemicals plants produce to protect themselves) is 1,500 mg. In comparison, the total daily exposure to all synthetic pesticide residues combined is 0.09 mg. Therefore, it is estimated that 99.99% of pesticides consumed by humans are natural. 

Despite the high exposure to natural chemicals, 79% (378 out of 479) of the chemicals tested for carcinogenicity in rats and mice were synthetic (ie, they do not occur on their own).

2.) It is often wrongly assumed that humans have developed defenses against natural chemicals in our food, but not against synthetic chemicals. However, the defense mechanisms developed by animals are more general than specific chemical ones;

Also, the protection is generally inducible and therefore protects well against small doses of synthetic and natural chemicals.

3.) Because the toxicology of natural and synthetic chemicals is similar, one expects (and finds) a similar rate of positivity for carcinogenicity between synthetic and natural chemicals. It is likely that almost all the fruits and vegetables in the store contain toxic pesticides.



There is a lot of scope in the organic food products selling in India for traders as well as the manufacturers. Indian public is also likely to get pure organic food for their health and fitness. With proper regulations and standards India may become an organic food hub of the world.


Virus Composition Structure Naming and Viral Reproduction

Viruses are a class of microorganisms that do not have cell structures and are intertwined with life features such as genetics and replication. They are non-cellular microbial groups. It has the characteristics of life in the host cell, only the characteristics of general chemical macromolecules outside the living cell, and obligate parasitization in the living cell. Individuals are tiny and can be seen under an electron microscope through a bacterial filter. The size is expressed in nanometers (nm). In 1892, the Russian scholar Ivanovsky first discovered that the pathogen of tobacco mosaic disease could pass unimpeded through the porcelain that bacteria could not pass through, so it was named filter virus or virus. Viruses are small and have no cell structure. Most of them can be observed with an electron microscope. Various viruses have different structures and morphologies, and have strict host specificity, that is, they can only proliferate in certain types of living cells. 

The basic chemical composition of viruses is nucleic acids and egg protein. Some viruses also contain lipids, polysaccharides and inorganic salts. A virus has only one type of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) genetic material. Depending on the host, viruses can be divided into animal viruses, plant viruses and bacterial viruses (phages).

Table of Content

  1.    Virus Discovery

  2.    Chemical composition of the virus

  3.    Structure of the virus

  4.    Viral Reproduction

  5.    Classification and naming of viruses

How virus was discovered?

Although early on, people recognized the presence of the virus through disease caused by the virus. In the second and third centuries BC, India and China had records of smallpox. However, the discovery and identification of viruses was a matter of the late 19th century.

In 1886, Mayer, a German working in the Netherlands, was attracted by a pathological condition of tobacco. His symptoms were infection of dark, shallow green areas on the leaves. The leaves of the plant are crushed with water, and the juice is injected into the veins of healthy tobacco, which can cause mosaic disease, which proves that the disease is contagious. Through analysis of leaves and soil, Maier pointed out that tobacco mosaic is caused by bacteria.

Mayr's Experiment for Viruses

In 1892, Russian biologist Ivanovski repeated Mayr's experiments, confirming the phenomenon Mayr saw, and further found that the leaf juice of diseased tobacco plants passed through a bacterial filter It can also cause mosaic disease in healthy tobacco plants. This phenomenon can at least explain that the pathogenic cause is not bacteria, but Ivanovsky explained that it was caused by toxins produced by bacteria. Living in the heyday of Pasteur's theory of bacterial pathogenicity, Ivanovsky was unable to think further, thus missing a major discovery.

In 1898, the Dutch bacteriologist Beijerinck also confirmed Maier's observations, and, like Ivanovsky, found that the tobacco mosaic pathogen could pass through bacterial filters, but Bergerinck Think deeper. He placed the sap of the tobacco mosaic virus strain on the surface of the agar gel block and found that the substance infected with tobacco mosaic disease diffused at a moderate rate in the gel, while the bacteria remained on the surface of the agar.

Soluble live bacteria

 Since Bejlink's experiments did not show the particle morphology of the pathogen, he called it contagium vivum fluidum (soluble live bacteria), named the virus, and called it Virus in Latin. No doubt Bejlink became the discoverer of the virus. However, Bergerinck believed that the virus exists in liquid form, but this view was later overturned by American biochemist and virologist Stanley, who proved that the virus is granular. Virus size and morphology

Virus sizes vary widely by species. Small viruses are only 10 to 22 nanometers, such as foot-and-mouth disease virus, which is equivalent to the largest protein molecule (heme protein molecule); large viruses, such as pox virus, are 250-300 × 200-250 nanometers in size, which is approximately the smallest prokaryotic Mycoplasma microorganisms.

Most plant viruses range in length from 300 nanometers (such as tobacco mosaic virus) to 750 nanometers (such as potato Y virus) and are about 10-20 nanometers wide. The morphology of the virus varies by species. Animal viruses are generally spherical, oval. or brick-shaped. Plant viruses are mainly rod-shaped or filamentous, and many are spherical. Bacterial viruses are mostly tadpole-shaped and also micro-spherical and filamentous.

Chemical composition of virus

The chemical composition of most viruses is nucleic acids and proteins, and some also contain lipids and polysaccharides.

Viral nucleic acid A virus contains only one type of nucleic acid (RNA or DNA). Most plant viruses contain RNA and a few contain DNA; phages mostly contain DNA and a few contain RNA, such as E. coli phages M13 and M12; some animal viruses contain DNA, such as variola virus, and some contain RNA, such as influenza virus. In biological cells, DNA is double-stranded and RNA is single-stranded, but the situation is more complicated in viruses. Nucleic acid content varies greatly among different viruses, some are only 1%, such as influenza viruses, and some are as high as 50%, such as E. coli T-line even phage.

The protein of the virus mainly constitutes the shell of the virus particle and protects the virus nucleic acid from being destroyed by nucleases and other physical and chemical factors; determines the specificity of the virus infection and has specific affinity with the receptors present on the surface of susceptible cells; determines the antigenicity of the virus ; Stimulate the body to produce corresponding antibodies. Viral proteins also constitute enzymes in the virus.

Other ingredients The lipids and polysaccharides are contained in the coatings of more complex viruses (such as pox virus). Lipids account for 50 to 60% of the lipids and the rest is cholesterol. Polysaccharides often exist in the form of glycolipids and glycoproteins.

Structure of virus

The structure is intact and infectious individuals are called virions. The nucleocapsid is the basic structure of virions. Complex viruses have a capsule on the outer surface of the nucleocapsid, and there are spikes on it. Because the capsid particles are arranged and combined in different ways, the virus assumes different configurations and shapes.

Viral reproduction

Replication (replication) is a way for viruses to multiply. The entire process is called the replication cycle and includes five consecutive steps: adsorption, invasion, husking, biosynthesis, assembly and release. The virus lacks the enzyme system and energy necessary for metabolism and the raw materials, energy and biosynthetic site required for its proliferation are provided by the host cells. Under the control of viral nucleic acid, the virus's nucleic acid (RNA or DNA) and protein are synthesized, and then assembled into mature, infectious viral particles in the cytoplasm or nucleus of the host cell and then released to the cell in various ways External infection of other cells.

Classification and naming of viruses

Names of Viruses: According to the International Virus Classification Commission's principles for virus classification and naming, its classification basis includes the host of the virus, the disease it causes, the shape and size of the virus particle, the type, structure, and chain number of the nucleic acid, and the presence or absence of the capsule of the virus particle. Among them, virus nucleic acid is DNA or RNA, the virus genome is a single component or multiple groups of systems, and the presence or absence of capsular vesicles is the three important characteristics of the virus. The viruses currently understood are divided into seven categories, with 59 families (groups). Or groups), in practice, viruses are still divided into plant viruses, animal viruses (also divided into vertebrate viruses, insect viruses) and microbial viruses (also divided into phages and fungi) according to the host.

Viruses are not only the research objects of microbiology and virology, but also the important research objects of molecular biology and molecular genetics. As the pathogen of many diseases, the research on virus diseases and its prevention has important practical significance.

Viruses invade animals, plants and microorganisms, destroy animal husbandry and crops, and cause significant losses to the national economy. The virus is very harmful to human health, and many infectious diseases such as influenza, measles, Japanese encephalitis, pneumonia, and polio are all caused by the virus. Certain viruses can also cause tumors in animals. Bacterial virus pollution is a taboo in the fermentation industry, threatening the fermentation production of pesticides, antibiotics, enzyme preparations, organic solvents and dairy production. Some viruses can be used to control pests and pathogens. Viruses are also important experimental materials for molecular biology research.

Virus Structure Names Viral Reproduction. Viruses

Special Note: The content of this article is for preliminary reference only. It is inevitable that there are omissions, errors, etc. Please check it before quoting. For medical professional content such as medication, diagnosis and treatment, we recommend that you consult your doctor directly to avoid wrong medication or delay in your illness. The content on this site does not constitute any advice or guidance for you. This site does not sell any medicines or equipment, nor does it provide any publicity services for any medicine or equipment manufacturers. Drug information is research information and is for reference only by professionals. Please do not use medicine on your own based on the information on this site.

Contact Form


Email *

Message *

Powered by Blogger.
Javascript DisablePlease Enable Javascript To See All Widget