Strange and Rare Animals in China

 

In addition to cute Giant Pandas, China also has these strange and rare animals

Deer have horns on their heads and carnivores have canine teeth. This is the subjective impression of most people on these 2 types of animals. 

Unfortunately, this impression flow is really wrong. Although it is widely distributed, the overall number of great bustards is very rare. There are currently less than 1,000 in China, and they have been listed in China's Red Book of Endangered Animals and are nationally protected animals.

Little Molu: Rabbit with Long Fangs"

 

Deer have horns on their heads and carnivores have canine teeth. This is the subjective impression of most people on these two types of animals. Unfortunately, this impression flow is really wrong. 

Not to mention that the biggest difference between carnivores and herbivores is whether there are cracked teeth (the collective term for the last premolar of the upper jaw and the first molar of the lower jaw). 

Even in deer animals, many have no horns on their heads, but canine teeth. One of the very developed members, the Little Molu is one of them.

 

The deer belongs to the Artiodactyla deer family, with a body length of 43-50 cm; a weight of 2.5-4.5 kg, which is about the size of a rabbit. 

It is the smallest deer animal in the world and is related to large and medium-sized relatives such as sika deer and red deer. 

The heads (males) have beautiful bifurcated horns. Both females and males have bald heads. 

On the contrary, two long and curved canines are exposed in the mouth. The male canines are especially developed. It grows into a tusk shape and is an earlier population of deer, which has important scientific value for studying the origin of ruminants.

 

Except for the yellowish-white abdomen, the coat color of the other parts is mainly reddish brown. 

The three leucorrhea below the throat form a shape similar to the English letter T at the lower jaw.

It mainly inhabits Vietnam, Thailand, Burma, the Greater Sunda Islands, etc. In Indochina, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China is also distributed in a small amount. 

Tropical evergreen forest is their main place of activity. The branches and fruits in the lower part are the main food sources; they can also sit on the ground and rest like humans.


Crocodile lizard: has the smallest brain among reptiles


The crocodile lizard is a unique species in the Dayaoshan area of ​​Guangxi, my country. It is not difficult to tell from the name that it is an animal with the dual characteristics of a crocodile and a lizard. Their heads and torso are very similar to lizards, covered with thick The flat tail with black stripes and ridged scales is similar to a crocodile, hence the name.

 

Although the crocodile lizards are closer to the combination of lizards and crocodile in image, they are real members of the lizard family. 

Belonging to the crocodile lizard family that appeared earlier under the order Lizard, as early as the dinosaur era about 200 million years ago. They have already emerged. 

Because of their older age, their brains are only the size of a peanut, which is the smallest of all reptiles.

 

The body of the crocodile lizard is about 5 cm long, but the tail is 20 cm; there is a small milky white dot in the center of the head, called the top eye, which is used to perceive light.

The back is olive brown with 6-7 darker horizontal lines on it. Streaks; black stripes are inlaid on the brown-red skin on the side of the body, black short streaks on the pale yellow belly.

Like to stay on the rocks or branches by the sunny pond, with insects, small fishes, earthworms, tadpoles, etc. 

Usually walks with one step and three shakes, extremely slowly, but will quickly escape in emergencies.

Binturong: The tail can also catch things

 

Binturong has a body length of 61-97 cm and a weight of 9-20 kg. It is the largest civet in the world. It wears long and messy black-gray hair and looks like a bear. It is the southernmost point of China, northeastern India, Bengal and They are found in the eastern part of Bhutan, as well as the islands of Indonesia and the Philippines. 

They are mainly inhabited in dense virgin forests and the intersection of dry forests and grasslands. They feed on various fruits and small animals. Banyan fruit is among their favorite. They live alone, usually foraging at night and twilight, and usually rest in a tree.

 

The two most special features of binturongs are their tails and the female genitals. Binturong’s tail is fluffy and varies in length from 50 to 84 cm. 

This tail, which is almost as long as the body, has the ability to entangle, carry objects, and act like a human hand.

Females have clitoris bones that make they appear to have the same reproductive organs as males, just like spotted hyenas.

 

Due to the severe destruction of the habitat and the hunting by poachers, the number of binturongs in China has drastically reduced and is currently a critically endangered species.

 

Goose-throated antelope: An antelope whose throat resembles a goose


As the name suggests, the goose-throated antelope is a kind of antelope with a throat like a big goose. 

The adult goose-throated antelope has a body length of 88-109 cm and a weight of 29-42 kg. It is a medium-sized antelope and the only species in the genus Oryx that has only male long horns.

 

The back hair of goose-throated antelope is brown, but the inside of the hips and limbs are white; the tumor on the front of the neck makes their neck look like the neck of a big goose.

Some subspecies have deep lines on the face; northern and northwestern China, The grasslands and semi-desert areas of Mongolia, Pakistan, and Arabia are their homes. 

They live in small groups of no more than 12. They mainly feed on weeds and arbors. In winter, they form large groups of about 30.

 

Goose-throated antelope used to be an important hunting animal in history (referring to animals that are allowed to hunt legally due to a large number), but due to problems such as uncontrolled hunting and habitat destruction, it has become an endangered species and even disappeared in some areas.

 

Turtle: Only 4 left in the world



With a body length of 2 meters and a weight of hundreds of kilograms, the giant soft-shelled turtle is the largest turtle in the world. It is named after the spotted pattern all over its body. 

The carapace is flat and smooth, dominated by olive green or black green; the body is close to round. It was once distributed in the Taihu Lake and Honghe River Basin.

 

Due to water pollution, food reduction, and wanton hunting caused by human activities, there are only 4 turtles left in the world, and only 1 is a female, which is a critically endangered species in the list of endangered species.

 

Unlike their close relatives, turtles only live in freshwater. The giant soft-shelled turtle perceives the surrounding environment by water waves, and feeds on fish and shrimps.

It has a strong sense of territory, and almost no other species are allowed to enter its territory except during the mating period.

When the weather is too cold or too hot, it will hide in the sand Sleep inside to conserve energy in the body.

Usually mating in April and May every year, after mating females will shovel their eggs in the sand pit on the shore.

 

Great bustard: the bird with the biggest gender gap

 

The Great Bustard (Bao Sansheng) is the bird with the largest size difference between male and female in the world. 

The male is about 1 meter tall, 75-105 cm long, weighs 20-30 kg, and its wings spread more than 2 meters.

In contrast, females height is less than half a meter and the weight is less than 10 kg. 

Such a wide disparity in body size caused people to regard them as two different birds for a long time, so that the folks said that only females must mate with other birds to breed offspring. The great bustard also recalled this. Gained a reputation for lewdness.

 

Of course, this is just a rumor. In reality, female great bustards are very picky about the opposite sex. 

Before mating, they will carefully check the other half's cloaca for parasites to determine their health. Therefore, in order to allow the girl to accept himself, the male great bustard will deliberately eat some poisons to kill the parasites in the body by poisoning the poison.

 

Great bustards are widely distributed in the world. They can be seen in southern Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, Afghanistan, and China's Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Northeast, North China, and the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. 

They live in open desert grasslands. Zone.

The body resembles an ostrich and is one of the largest flying birds. It has two strong and powerful legs, good at running. The head and neck feathers are light gray, the upper part of the chest, back to tail, and both sides of the body 

It is light brown with wide black stripes on it, which looks like tiger skin. It is an excellent protective color. 

The rest of the body is gray and white, with a bunch of black feathers just below the abdomen.

Males have beards; in summer in northern China Courtship and reproduction on the desert grassland.

In the autumn and winter seasons go south to overwinter.

All kinds of insects and plant leaves are their staple food.

 

Although it is widely distributed, the overall number of great bustards is very rare. There are currently less than 1,000 in China, and they have been listed in China's Red Book of Endangered Animals and are nationally protected animals.

 


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