Economic Benefits Chicken Raising households

How to raise economic benefits for professional chicken raising households?


Diagram showing How to raise economic benefits for professional chicken raising households

1. Selection of fine breeds

In chicken production, improved breeds are the basis for improving commodity rates, reducing production costs and improving economic benefits. 

Professional households should determine whether to raise broiler or laying hens according to the local market supply and demand and their own conditions, and which breed to choose.


2. Choose a good chicken

The quality of chicks is the basic factor to obtain better chicken raising benefits. Chicken farmers must choose young chickens provided by breeder farms with good reputation, certain production scale and high technical level, and drink water with 0.01% concentration of enrofloxacin hydrochloride at the first week of age to eliminate Salmonella, mold and mildew. 

Plasma and other pathogenic microorganisms, and do a good job in disinfection, isolation and epidemic prevention at the same time.


3. Self-prepared feed

Professional households can formulate full-price compound feeds that meet the needs of different physiological stages of chickens according to the feeding standards, or formulate their own formulas according to the formula provided by technicians, which generally reduces the cost of feed per 100 kg by 10 to 20 yuan.


4. Add yeast

Appropriately add high-quality yeast feed to reduce the amount of imported fish meal added to the feed. 

Generally, the nutritional value of each kilogram of active yeast powder is not less than 1 kilogram of imported fish meal, and it is about 1.6 yuan cheaper per kilogram. 

For example, the "Anying" brand "ESB probiotic yeast powder" produced by Xuzhou Anying Biotechnology Development Co., Ltd. can greatly enhance the digestive ability of the stomach and the liver's disease resistance and immunity after the chicken eats it, and quickly improve the conversion rate of protein feed. 

Increase the egg production rate and effectively reconcile the survival of cells in the chicken, thereby significantly improving the economic benefits of raising chickens.


5. Improve feeding equipment and reduce feed consumption

i. Improve the design of the trough According to the age of the chickens, choose the appropriate size trough with eaves, and the height of the trough should be 2 cm higher than the back of the chicken. 

ii. Change from flat to cage The flat rearing method occupies a lot of houses, and the feed is wasted seriously. Cage chickens live in cages, with less activity and less material consumption. 

iii. The temperature of the chicken house should be moderate It is necessary to keep warm and cold in winter, and to prevent heatstroke in summer, especially in winter, the temperature of the chicken house should not be lower than 10

If the ambient temperature is too low, the chicken body should produce more heat to maintain body temperature, so the consumption of feed is high and the feed payment is low.


6. Disease control

1. Antibody monitoring Conditional chicken farmers should carry out antibody monitoring, so as to ensure timely vaccination and the quality of immunity.


2. Strictly grasp the quality of vaccines Purchase vaccines from vaccine production and supply units with reliable quality. Strictly prevent vaccine production and supply units from purchasing vaccines. Strictly prevent the confusion of vaccines, otherwise the antibodies will be unstable, and repeated immunizations will be required.


3. Strictly follow the immunization program A strict and scientific immunization plan should be formulated according to the actual situation, and the prevention and control of chicken Marek's disease, chicken Newcastle disease, chicken Gan Paul's disease, chicken cholera and chicken pox should be done well.


4. Add antibiotics to the diet to prevent infection Such as antibiotics or sulfonamides, the prevention of diarrheal diseases (such as pullorum) is effective, but attention should be paid to the dosage and stirring, and the feeding time should not be too long.


5. Strengthen the preservation of feed to prevent diseases caused by mildew of feed.


7. Feeding and management

1. Regularly disinfect the chicken coop and environment to keep the chicken coop dry and hygienic. 

Regular deworming, free-range chickens are generally dewormed once a week, and broad-spectrum, high-efficiency, and low-toxic deworming drugs are used.


2. Eliminate the rooster in time. During the brooding stage, males


The chick consumes about 25% more feed than the mother chick. If it is not eliminated in time, it will not only consume a lot of material, but also occupy a lot of feeding area, and it will also affect the normal growth and development of the hen, so it is best to eliminate it when the chicks are just hatched. 

The male-female ratio of breeder flocks should be appropriate. The male-female ratio of egg breeders and broiler breeders should be 1:15-20 and 1:10-14 respectively. 

If artificial insemination technology is used, the ratio of male to female can be increased to 1:30 to 50, thereby reducing material consumption.


3. Pay attention to the observation of the flocks, and promptly eliminate sick or low-yielding chickens. In general, these chickens account for 5% to 8% of the total, and as many as 11%, they should be discovered and eliminated in time.


4. Provide proper lighting. The suitable light time for laying hens is 16 hours. For free-range laying hens, add half an hour to 16 hours of light per week from 18 weeks of age. The power of the bulb is 2.7 to 3 watts per square meter (in practical applications, the lamp height is usually 2 meters, and the lamp distance is about 3 meters). 

Pay attention to turn on and off the lights on time, and keep the lighting hours and brightness constant.


5. Timely beak cutting can not only prevent flock beak addiction, but also effectively reduce feed waste. Beak cutting and beak trimming time were 6-9 days and 12-17 weeks, respectively.


6. The "all-in-all-out" feeding management system is adopted to facilitate disinfection, disease prevention and scientific management.


8. Group feeding

Group feeding is one of the important measures for chicken production. As a feeding and management unit, a suitable group should be adapted to its own facilities, feed and technical measures. The flock of broiler chickens should not be too large. 

Generally, a group of about 400 chickens should be grouped, and the group should be divided into strong and weak groups from time to time. Stocking density of 10 to 15 per square meter is more appropriate. 

Breeding male and female hens in groups is not only conducive to the growth and development of hens, improving uniformity and commodity rate, but also better adapting to the market. 

The rooster group grows fast and has a large body weight. It can be slaughtered 7-10 days earlier, and the hens can be slaughtered later. Selling it as a whole chicken for cooking and eating can significantly improve economic benefits.


9. Selling at a high price

The market price of broilers at the time of slaughtering has a great impact on the economic benefits of raising broilers. Therefore, breeders should always understand market information, and determine the time and quantity of chickens according to the local chicken seedlings and the demand for feather chickens. 

When you are rushing up, you should raise less or not. When everyone stops raising, you should raise more, so that you can get great benefits. But be careful not to blindly wait for the price to rise to prolong the age of the flock, which is not cost-effective, because after 8 weeks of age, the feed return of broilers decreases, the mortality rate is high, and the overweight may not be easy to sell. Therefore, according to the market conditions and your own actual situation, you should be listed on the market in a timely manner.


10. Reduce expenses

Farmers need to keep their chickens simple and simple. They don’t need to build reinforced concrete houses. They can use plastic greenhouses with less investment. 

The use of water, electricity and drugs should be reasonable, and various appliances and equipment should be maintained to prolong their service life, reduce unnecessary waste, and do everything possible to reduce the cost of raising chickens, thereby improving economic benefits.

See also:

Feed of Commercial Broiler Chicken

Broiler Body Weight

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