12 Facts and Myths about Hindu Caste System in India FAQs


12 Truth and Propaganda about Caste System of Hindus in India (Frequently Asked Questions)

The Indian caste system is one of the oldest social structures in the world. The system of dividing Hindus into powerful groups based on their karma (work) and dharma (Hindi word for religion, but here it means duty). Hindu scholars believe that this karma based system is several thousands of years old, while others also generally believed to be more than 3,000 years old.

Q1. Are castes and varnas the same?

Ans. Caste and varnas are technically different but used as the same these days. Castes represent differentiation form one another creating whole different entities after differentiation whereas varnas represent integral components of the whole.

Infographics diagram showing different between Caste and varnas among Hindus

Q2. Is it true that according to Hinduism no one can change Hindu caste but can change religion?

Ans. This is untrue that according to Hinduism no one can change Hindu caste but can change religion. But it is true that according to the Indian constitution no one can change Hindu caste but can change religion. This is as if an OBC wants to become an SC he is disallowed by the law and constitution as then he would take SC reservation also. Thus, caste discrimination can never be found in Hindiuism but in the Indian constitution.

Hinduism allows even the people coming in form other religions to join any caste then it is impossible that any caste can be disallowed by the religion. Recently, a former Muslim Waseem Rizvi became a Hindu and became a Brahmin. 

A BBC interview posted online on 22 September of 2022 shows a Muslim Naushad became Hindu and again became a Muslim and got support form all Jats even when he reverted to Islam. The interview shows that on being asked that people joining Hinduism have a problem of which caste they would get, the person replies that anyone can take any caste of their own choice.

It is also true that Hinduism is not a politicized religion with any central authority as Pope or likewise. Thus, no one objects but accept any caste anyone wants, and are happy with any religion a person want for themselves.

It is also that in Hinduism it is not a religious duty of Hindus to try to convert any person to being a Hindu. Thus, they willingly never want anyone to convert to their religion as there is no motivation, but also do not protest if anyone does. There is only motivation to serve all humanity, all Godly creation that is what is Sanatan and this is the reason why they worship everything as a gratitude. This worship is of a gratitude nature and not of worshiping the almighty where there is worship of the supreme power, as in case of cow worship due to its facilitating milk just as their mothers did, and hence called mother cow. Left sets a risible narrative that cow worship is worship of cow god, which wise Hindus only laugh away.


Q3. How was the Hindu caste system born?

Ans. Caste system was the natural outcome of people carrying out their ancestral work and living in the communities performing the same work. But the left ideology is that Manusmriti, which is generally considered to be the most important and authoritative book in Hindu law and which dates back to at least 1000 years before the birth of Christ, "understands and upholds the caste system as the basis of the system and organization of society.

The fact is that there are accusations that the left has manipulated subordinate scriptures according to their requirements and try to ascertain their worth according to their requirements.

Left is of the habit of setting bogus narrative which Hindus never believe and can never believe. It is against the very rudimentary Hindu ideologies. Here, only Hindus are not ascertaining their religion but only the left people are.

Fact is that the most well known Rishi was a kshatriya viz. Vishwamitra, proving not dynasty but karma was caste determinant. So what we find in Hinduism is totally different form the propaganda.


Q4. How many castes are the there in Hindus?

Ans. The caste system divides Hindus into 4 groups:

  1. Brahmins
  2. Kshatriyas
  3. Vaishyas
  4. Shudras

Many believe that the groups are derived from Brahma, the Hindu God of nature. 

Being carried away by the left propaganda and other religions take it very literally.

Diagram showing caste based system in Hindus


Q5. How does left represent hierarchy in Hindus?

Ans. Left attempts to show the division based on karma as division based on dynasty, creating a hierarchy, rather than equal segments as:

  1. At the head of the hierarchy were Brahmins who were mainly teachers and intellectuals and believed to have descended from the head of Brahma.
  2. Then the Kshatriyas, or warriors and rulers, who are supposed to have come from him.
  3. The third place went to the Vaishyas, or merchants, who were created from his thighs.
  4. At the bottom of the heap are the Shudras, who came from the feet of Brahma and did all the evil work.


Q6. How does propaganda entities show Indian caste system?

Ans. The propaganda entities show Indian caste system as:

The castes are divided into about 3,000 castes and 25,000 sub-districts, each according to its function.

Outside the framework of these Hindus are the achhoots, the Dalits or untouchables.

The fact is that there may be any number of castes and sub-castes but in Hindus there is no word as dalit. This word has been tossed by the religious conversion enthusiasts and political nexus.  

Caste system narrative by media and left

The untouchability has never been in Srimad Bhagwad Gita, Vedas and the Upnishads. So it was almost impossible to set a bogus narrative as these are religious books. So to establish their narrative left brought in only memories by any of the saintly people, and that too manipulated by them. When such scripts are no how in synchrony with the Hindu scriptures i.e. Srimad Bhagwad Gita, Vedas and the Upnishads, they can never be Hinduism even if we assume it to be really by some sort of Hindu saint, and not manipulated by the left.

Hindu God incarnation Lord Krishna himself proved equality of all castes or varnas, and that they are based on karma and not dynasty. The Indian constitution proves otherwise.

Lord Krishna was:

  1. Born as Kshatriya
  2. Traded mil and milk products as a Vaishya
  3. Drew Arjuna's Mahabhata Chariot as a Shudra
  4. Advised Arjuna (Gita Updesh) as a Brahmin Guru


Q7. Is the Hindu caste system legal?

Ans. The constitution of independent India abolished caste-based discrimination. In an attempt to redress historical injustices and provide a level playing field for those who did not practice its culture. The authorities imposed restrictions on discrimination in government services and educational institutions for the Scheduled Castes and Tribes, the lowest and upper castes. in the 1950s. 

 Q8. When did OBC quota came into existence on the basis of caste?

Ans. In 1989, the quotas were extended to include a group called OBCs (Other Backward Classes) who fall between the traditional upper and lower castes.


In recent decades, due to the spread of secular education and increasing urbanization, the influence of race has diminished somewhat, especially in communities where people of different races live together and marry. is increasing.

In some southern states and the northern state of Bihar, many people started using the same name after the social reform movement. 

Despite the changes, caste identity remains strong and surnames often reflect the caste a person belongs to. 

Q9. How does the Hindu cast system work?

Ans. For centuries, caste has determined almost every aspect of Hinduism and social life, with each group occupying a place in this complex hierarchy.

Rural communities have long been organized along caste lines since Mughal invasion. Mughals did it according to their divide and rule policy as they were very few in number and had to divide the society. British needed the same mass control so followed the suit.

Upper and lower castes almost always live in separate areas, wells are not shared, and Brahmins are not allowed food or drink. descended from Shudras, a person could marry only within his family. This system gave many privileges to the upper castes while supporting the opposition of the lower castes by the privileged groups.


Q10. Are Dalits in India supported by all Hindus or discriminated with?

Ans. Often criticized for being unjust and inflexible, the caste system remained unchanged for centuries since Mughals, locking people into a set of social rules that it impossible to escape. However, despite the obstacles, some Dalits and other low-income Indians, such as BR Ambedkar, publicized to be the author of the Indian Constitution, Draupadi Murmu (ST), current president, and KR Narayanan who became the country's first Dalit President, rose up in 'a high position in the country. This all happened with absolute Hindu support only.

Q11. Can there be any caste discrimination possible?

Ans. Of course there can be caste discrimination as there is nepotism everywhere. If anyone gets a good work they want their close relatives to get that good and beneficial work forever. But as far as religion is concerned it is disallowed. Nepotism is humane.

There are accusations on bollywood, similarly there are claims on higher judiciary that only about a couple of hundred dynasties are always chosen as judge by the collegium. Thus, there is possibility of people holding beneficial castes for themselves and hence dynasty wise caste system, in defiance of the tenets of religion.

Q12. How does politics affect the caste system in India?

Ans. Politics transforms the varna system to the caste system for political gains. When gains are attached to something then it becomes inevitable. It is in the political interest of the politicos to create caste discrimination and then prove it, otherwise they lose ground. So its a matter of their existence

Some caste based activities:

In recent years, many communities have demanded recognition as OBCs. 

In the year 2015 there were and massive protests by the Patel community in Gujarat demanding access the limits of caste.

In the year 2016 there were violent protests by the Jat community in Haryana.

Jat protesters block roads in Haryana state, northern India. At least 18 people have died in Jat community protests in Haryana

Both are politically prosperous castes, but they justify their demands for caste restrictions by saying that most of their communities are poor and suffering.

Some say that the seizure process would have disappeared if it were not for the politicians who make this fire happen regularly. 

In the general election, many people still vote candidates of own caste seeking electoral benefits. As a result, what was intended to be a short-term action plan to get the majority of people out of office has become a vote-bank creation exercise for many politicians.



Unbiased historians say that until the advent of Mughal era, racism was very rare for Indians, social identity was often changing, and people were able to move between the castes. Left and Abrahamic backed studies shows that the British colonial authorities imposed strict boundaries that defined India's social identity when they simplified the system with simple numbers, which are the intention to create a society with common rules that can be easily controlled. However, this is absolutely unjustifiable as there is a conflict of interest as the British would naturally never go against their interests and must diverge the mass rather than unifying them.


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