What is Deepawali (Diwali) the Festival of Lights?


Diwali Festival (Festival of Lights and Victory of Good over Evil) Encyclopedia

What is Diwali? Diwali, also known as Festival of Lights, Diwali or Deepavali India (Hindi: दिवाली, Diwali, Sanskrit: दीपावली, Dīpāvali, Marathi: दिवाळी, Tamil: தீபாவளி, Telugu: దీపావళి, Ukraine Erdu: دیوالی‎), is a festival for Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism to "drive away darkness with light and defeat evil with goodness".

Held in October or mid-November every year, some Buddhist believers also celebrate this festival. Because its influence overwhelms other festivals, it is often misunderstood by the Chinese community in Singapore and Malaysia as a New Year festival for the Indians.

Diwali Festival celebration going on in India

Diwali is also known as the Lantern Festival, the Indian Festival of Lights or Deepavali. The festival time is every October or November. 

The traditional festival is popular in India, Nepal, and the United States. Oil lamp festival, food, sweets, and dried fruit festival, meaning light triumphs over darkness, justice triumphs over evil, symbolizing light, prosperity and happiness

Table of Contents

1. The origin of the festival

2. Local customs

3. Festival process

4. Negative effects

5. Celebration



What is the Festival Origin of Diwali?

Diwali comes from the Sanskrit words deepa and avail literally meaning "Paradian". Diwali is related to several Indian myths as communists say


What is the Festive Scene of Diwali?

According to mischief monger communists these myths tell the story of justice over injustice and light over darkness. One of the stories tells that the Hindu god Krishna wiped out the demon that destroyed the heavens and the earth and the god of hell, Narakasura.

In northern India, Hindus worship the god Krishna, who lives in the sacred Gadhana Mountains, and believe that he is the eighth incarnation of Vishnu, one of the main gods of Hinduism, and has a deep meaning for Vishnu’s followers religious meaning.

Festival of lights, lamps and candles lighting

What is Hindu Diwali Postal Stamp?

"Hindu Diwali" is a permanent postage stamp issued by the U.S. Postal Service on October 5, 2016.

On October 5, 2016, the U.S. Postal Service issued a permanent postage stamp with the theme of Hindu Diwali. Diwali, also known as the Lantern Festival, the Festival of Lights in India, or Deepavali, is a festival of Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism to "drive away the darkness with light and defeat evil with goodness". It is held in October or November every year. Diwali is an important festival in Hinduism. 

To welcome Diwali, every household in India will light candles or oil lamps because they symbolize light, prosperity and happiness. This stamp was designed by Greg Breeding based on the work of photographer Sally Andersen-Bruce.

What is people's view on Diwali?

Mehr Maghani is an internal medicine physician in Fremont, California.

He is the leader of the Indian American Foundation. He said that the most commonly known story of Diwali is that the god Rama left his hometown for 14 years. During this time, he defeated the demon King Ravana and finally returned to Ayodhya, the oldest city in India. 

To celebrate the return of the king, the people of Ayodhya city lighted thousands of clay lamps.

"This city held a grand and joyous celebration for the return of the king," he said. "It symbolizes the light of the king. The name of the Festival of Lights highlights the joy of people."


This festival is also of great significance to Sikhs and Jains in India.

For Sikhs, Diwali is to celebrate the release of the spiritual leader of Sikhs, Halbind, from captivity by the Mughal Emperor Jajihan of India.

For Jains, Diwali is a festival to commemorate the founder of Jainism, Mahavira, who entered the world of bliss after his death.

What are some Diwali related Local Customs and Pronunciation?

Diwali Festival is an important festival of Hinduism. To welcome Diwali, every household in India will light candles or oil lamps because they symbolize light, prosperity and happiness.

On the last day of the Indian lunar calendar each year (equivalent to a day around October in the Gregorian calendar), fireworks and various festive lights will illuminate the dark night. This is about 1 billion Hindu believers around the world celebrating Diwali-a light festival. 

This is one of the most widely celebrated festivals in the world, and it is even a national festival in India, Fiji, Nepal and Trinidad.

Boys and girls celebrating Diwali

The reasons for celebrating Diwali vary from place to place. The northern part of India celebrates the return of warriors led by the Hindu god Rama from Sri Lanka.

The southern part commemorates the death of the demon king Narakasura by the god Krishna. Although there are different opinions on the origin of Diwali, most people agree that the five-day Diwali is to celebrate the victory of good deeds over evil, light repel darkness, and knowledge overthrow ignorance.


Although Diwali is a Hindu festival, it is also considered a big day for Jainism and Sikhism. Indians regard it as the most important festival of the year, and it is as important as Christmas and New Year.

Since Diwali is a symbol of humanity’s light defeating darkness, it is one of the most friendly and enjoyable celebrations in Hinduism.

Even in Punjab, northern India, the border near the feuding Pakistan is full of love, and the border guards on both sides are rarely unloaded. Armed, shook hands and hugs and exchanged desserts. But the highlight of Diwali is still at night.

Celebrating a very happy Diwali

Whether in India or Pakistan, or even in Dubai, as long as it is a Hindu temple, there are long queues. Good men and women come to light up lamps and pray for blessings, exchange gifts, and display fireworks everywhere. The atmosphere is lively. Even if you are not a Hindu believer, you can participate in this with an open mind.

Since this festival is also regarded as the festival of the goddess of wealth, Shirashmi, every household will clean, light candles and oil lamps, and wait for the goddess to come.

The Bengals of East India and the Gujaratis of West India will worship the goddess Rahimi, who represents prosperity and wealth on this day.

During Diwali, all companies in India will be closed, but there will be a one-hour special trading in the stock market a day as a gift to Rahimi.

Hindus have the habit of giving gifts on "Diwali". The copper-plated candle holder carries a candle with metal skin, which is a popular gift for people. Of course, the most popular is the Indian elephant goddess Ganesh. In "Diwali", candy plays a very important role.

During the festival, relatives and friends will send each other colorful coconut candy called "Buffy" to express their blessings to each other.

Most Indian families will wear new clothes and jewelry during Diwali, visit family members and company colleagues, and give sweets, dried fruits, and gifts.

What is the Festival Holiday Process regarding Diwali?

There is no formal ceremony for Diwali, it is similar to Christmas and New Year celebrations elsewhere in the world. In order to show respect to the gods, people cleaned the room and painted it. People wear new clothes and are determined to start a new life. Merchants stopped using their old books and started using new ones.

Showing Diwali in India festival celebration

At dusk, every home and store lights up various lights, and fireworks fill the sky. Friends and family get together and exchange gifts.

The climax of "Diwali" is to bathe in the holy river in order to purify the body and mind. Children must go to the river to wash away the dirt from their bodies and purify their souls. In addition to praying to the gods to protect the health of the whole family, people also pay special respects to their goddess of wealth "Lakshmi".

During the "Diwali" period, when you walk into a shop in India, you can see all kinds of colorful lights.

The bulbous lamp with a big mouth and crystal-like edges and corners, like red and white liquid flowing inside, is really beautiful. In the lighting shop, multiple concentric circles composed of colorful lights flashed in different colors.

The firecracker-shaped lamp tube continuously emitted warm red light, from the blue electric wire, the star-like shattered light flowed out. Interestingly, many colorful lights are marked "Made in China". Moreover, Chinese-made statues of Indian gods and handicrafts with Chinese characteristics are also very popular at this time.

Great festival of lights

During Diwali, some mischievous monkeys will appear in everyone's field of vision. People who see these monkeys for unknown reasons will definitely regard them as special actors in the "Diwali" juggling project. In fact, it is not. Indians respect and worship monkeys as gods. There is an allusion to this. 

It is said that the Hindu god Rama was framed by evil gods during his practice and was exiled in the harsh jungle for 14 years. Later, with the help of many monkey gods, Rama finally defeated the evil. God, return to the people who love him. From then on, Hindus regarded monkeys who helped Rama as gods.


What are the Negative effects of Deepawali?

The World Health Organization (WHO) "2014 Urban Outdoor Air Pollution Database" shows that half of the 20 cities with the highest annual average PM2.5 concentration in the world come from India.

In India, one of the reasons why New Delhi has become the world's worst air city is the fireworks displayed to celebrate the festival.

Laxmi poojan in Diwali

To welcome Diwali, every household in India will light candles or oil lamps, and fireworks will illuminate the dark night. Just after Diwali in India in 2014, which "celebrates justice over evil and light repels darkness", the PM2.5 data of the capital New Delhi soared to more than 250, which is 10 times the safe concentration limit of 25 set by the WHO.

Deepawali Celebration

In Tamil Nadu, India, during Diwali, the local Gumatapuram village held a celebration, and the villagers smeared cow dung on each other and reveled.

In October 2019, the Chandigarh Festival of Lights in India came, and people from many places set off fireworks to celebrate.

For Diwali, India is brewing "exclusion of Chinese goods"


India will usher in the most important festival of Hinduism of the year, Diwali, on November 14 this year. Some civil forces once again set off a wave of "boycott of Chinese goods". On the 9th, Indian Prime Minister Modi called for "localization of Diwali" and asked Indian people to buy all Indian goods during the festival.


The Hindu Diwali festival has the tradition of lighting lamps in every household that night, meaning "light drives away darkness." The Times of India stated that since the Sino-Indian border standoff this year, Indian civil organizations and some individuals have repeatedly called on the people to "boycott Chinese products." 

According to reports, during this year’s Diwali consumption season, Chinese companies exporting goods to India may suffer losses of up to 4,000 crore rupees (1 rupees equal to 0.1 yuan) affected by the “boycott of Chinese goods”.


The All India Federation of Traders issued a statement stating that India’s annual market during Diwali was as high as 7000 billion rupees, of which Chinese imports accounted for more than 50%. “However, China’s merciless killing of 20 Indian soldiers has inspired India The hatred and dissatisfaction of the people has caused them to stop buying Chinese goods." 

Previously, the Indian government also mandated major e-commerce platforms to indicate the origin of the goods sold. A reporter's investigation found that due to the new crown pneumonia epidemic, online shopping in India has been unprecedentedly active this year. 

The number of users has surged from about 28 million during the same period of Diwali last year to about 50 million. On online shopping platforms such as Amazon and Flipkart, most of the high-volume products are made locally in India.


 Indian people celebrate Diwali

Hong Kong’s "South China Morning Post" said on the 9th that India has imported a large number of LED lights for Diwali lighting activities from China and other places almost every year in recent years, with a total import value of about 10 billion rupees. But this year, a civil organization in India that aims to protect the country's cattle industry called for the use of environmentally friendly oil lamps made from cow dung instead of LED lamps imported from China, and received many responses. However, the report also mentioned that Chinese-made LED lights are still favored by Indian consumers because of their high quality and low price. 

Chennai's lighting distributor Kumar said: "People prefer Chinese products because of their low prices and wide variety." 

India The largest market for electrical products-the Bhajrat Palace in New Delhi has more than 2,000 wholesalers. Traders deal in all kinds of lamps, but most of them are imported from China.


The owner of a community grocery store in the southern Indian capital of New Delhi told a reporter, “Because most of the people living in this community are foreigners, the boycott is not as strong as in other areas.” 

He also said, "I personally like LED lights and other decorative objects made in China. Compared with those made in India, they are of better quality and more variety." He also told reporters, “Most of the products are actually not marked with the place of origin, so you can say what you want. If consumers care, why not say they are made in India?”


The Associated Press said on the 9th that the number of confirmed cases of new coronary pneumonia in India has exceeded 8.55 million, second only to the United States. The Indian government warned that gathering shopping before Diwali may worsen the epidemic.

भारत में दिवाली का त्योहार क्या है? 

भारत में दिवाली हिंदू धर्म का एक महत्वपूर्ण त्योहार है भारतीय इसे वर्ष का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण त्योहार मानते हैं, और इसका महत्व नए साल के समान है। दिवाली का स्वागत करने के लिए, भारत में हर घर मोमबत्ती या तेल के दीपक जलाएगा क्योंकि वे प्रकाश, समृद्धि और खुशी का प्रतीक हैं। यह मेला 31 अक्टूबर तक चलता है।



भारत में दिवाली हिंदू धर्म का एक महत्वपूर्ण त्योहार है भारतीय इसे वर्ष का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण त्योहार मानते हैं, और इसका महत्व नए साल के समान है। दिवाली का स्वागत करने के लिए, भारत में हर घर मोमबत्ती या तेल के दीपक जलाएगा क्योंकि वे प्रकाश, समृद्धि और खुशी का प्रतीक हैं।


दीवाली का अर्थ हिंदी में "दीपों की पंक्ति" है, इसलिए इसे दीवाली या रोशनी का त्योहार कहा जाता है। इसका अर्थ यह है कि प्रकाश अंधेरे को हरा देता है, सौंदर्य बुराई को हरा देता है, और ज्ञान अज्ञान को हरा देता है। 

भारतीय कैलेंडर के अनुसार, दीवाली आमतौर पर प्रत्येक वर्ष मध्य अक्टूबर से मध्य नवंबर तक एक निश्चित दिन पर मनाई जाती है। यह आमतौर पर पांच दिनों के लिए मनाई जाती है। 

त्योहार के दौरान, हर घर लालटेन और सजावट प्रदर्शित करने के लिए वापस जाएगा, और दुकानें, मंदिरों, और कार्यालय भवनों को भी मनाया जाएगा, यह चमकदार रोशनी से भरा होगा। त्योहार का स्वागत करने के लिए लोग घर की साफ-सफाई करेंगे और घर को सजाएंगे।

त्योहार के दिन वे नए कपड़े या सबसे सुंदर कपड़े पहनेंगे, और घर के अंदर और बाहर तेल के दीपक या मोमबत्तियां जलाएंगे। ज्यादातर जगहों पर लोग समृद्धि और समृद्धि का प्रतीक होंगे। धनी देवी लक्ष्मी पूजा की एक रस्म निभाती हैं, आतिशबाजी करती हैं, परिवार के साथ दावत साझा करती हैं, मिठाई चखती हैं और उपहार बांटती हैं।

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