Articles by "Jobs"


Australian Immigration quota cut

Recently, the Australian government has launched a series of immigration reform plans. Among them, the immigration quota has been greatly reduced, which has become the focus of everyone's attention. 

What impact will the reduction in immigration quota have on international students intending to immigrate to Australia? 

Experts studying abroad pointed out that although the total immigration quota has been reduced from 190,000 to 160,000, in fact, because the quotas in the past years are not used up, international students do not have to worry about the reduction in immigration opportunities. 

Regarding the specific reduction in quotas that everyone is most concerned about, Australian Prime Minister Morrison gave a very clear answer: This time the substantial reduction is the "independent skilled immigrant visa".

The quota for independent skilled immigrants in fiscal year 2019 - 2020 is 57.6% lower than that in fiscal year 2018 - 2019, and 52.3% lower than the actual amount issued in fiscal year 2017 - 2018.


Text / Photo: Li Qiong, a media reporter from Guangzhou Daily


The reduction of immigration quota is mainly 189 independent skilled immigrants

On March 20, the Australian Immigration Bureau announced the specific allocation plan for immigrant visas for the fiscal year 2019 ~ 2020, and the new quota was adjusted to 160,000. Although this immigration quota has significantly reduced 30,000 places compared to the 190,000 people announced since 2015, the actual number of people approved before has not reached the standard. Therefore, after the reduction of places, it will be compared with the actual 162,417 cases in the 2017-2018 fiscal year. The number of visa approvals is roughly the same.


Skilled immigrants chose to settle in Sydney and Melbourne

The new immigrant visa distribution plan will be implemented from July this year. It is reported that the reduction in the number of immigrants is mainly due to population pressure. According to data from the previous fiscal year, 87% of Australia’s more than 111,000 skilled immigrants chose to settle in Sydney and Melbourne, which caused severe local congestion and uneven development between cities. 

In order to alleviate the population pressure of Sydney and Melbourne and shorten the development gap between cities and remote areas, the Australian Cabinet Committee has also signed a policy on skilled immigrants, or will require some new technology immigrants to live in non-two major cities for at least 5 years.


Migrate to Australia Image

The focus of the reduction of immigration quotas in this new fiscal year is mainly on 189 independent skilled immigrants, with plans to allocate 18,652 places, which is a reduction of 52.3% compared with the actual number issued in 2017-2018; followed by employer-sponsored immigrant visas, which is reduced by about 15.56 %. While business immigration visas have little effect, the new quota is 6,862, a reduction of 5.5%. In addition, 5,000 global talent visas have been added to the new plan.


Encourage international students to study and develop in "non-metropolitan areas"

In addition, the immigration reform plan clearly stated that the Australian government plans to provide 15,000 Australian scholarships to more than 1,000 domestic and international students every year to encourage everyone to travel to "non-metropolitan areas". 

Two new "non-metropolitan areas" have been added to the New Deal (these two areas are not yet announced). Students in "non-metropolitan areas" can obtain an additional one-year temporary visa for international students after graduation ( (Referred to as the 485 visa), that is, you can get a 3-year graduation temporary visa.


"Non-Metropolitan Area" refers to a remote or low-growth urban area in Australia. A region whose birth rate has fallen for two consecutive years will be defined as "Non-Metropolitan Area". The whole of South Australia, including the capital Adelaide, is divided into "non-metropolitan areas" that need to introduce more immigrants, and Adelaide is also the only city in Australia with a population of more than 1 million who enjoys this policy. 

As of the end of June 2018, the population growth rate in South Australia is about 0.7%, while the national population growth rate is 1.6%. Therefore, there is a lot of work in South Australia that needs people to do, but also a large number of immigrants to do.


In the context of low population growth and a large number of job vacancies, South Australia urgently needs more talents to fill the gap in the labor market, thereby stimulating local economic development. Therefore, in addition to the official extension of the 485 visa, the South Australian Immigration Department has continuously issued reforms in favor of international students in recent months, such as expanding the state sponsorship list, relaxing the requirements for nominating outstanding graduates, and awarding long-term residence in South Australia.

 International students, etc. It is not difficult to see that the South Australian Government very much welcomes the arrival of international students and actively seeks more opportunities for international students to develop in South Australia.


It is reported that international students who have completed a degree in a "non-metropolitan area" meet the following two conditions and will be eligible to apply for an additional one-year 485 visa. One is holding a higher education issued by a "non-metropolitan area" university or educational institution Or a graduate degree certificate; the second is currently holding the first 485 visa and living in a "non-metropolitan area".


Jing Hong, General Manager of Jinghong Education in Asian region, said that if students can accumulate work experience abroad after graduation, they will have obvious advantages in terms of vision and employment opportunities after returning home, and the Australian 485 visa provides graduates with a 485 visa. More possibilities to accumulate overseas work experience. At the same time, the extended time limit for 485 visas also gives students a more ample employment buffer time.


Recommended by "Non-Metropolitan Area"

University of Adelaide: Out of the 5 Nobel Prize winners, the world ’s first visual computer chip and the world ’s first car videophone were born. An astronaut ’s alma mater owns the Colgate Oral Clinical Research Center.


University of South Australia: With a cancer research center of 247 million Australian dollars, it is the first university in Oceania to provide aviation. In the "Australian Financial Review" Global Business Research Impact Report published in April 2018, the University of South Australia brand management topped the list.


Flinders University: It has an innovation center with an investment of 120 million Australian dollars, and a business incubator-entrepreneurship guidance project.


University of Tasmania: The Australian university has a comprehensive star ranking of four stars, and the earth and ocean science majors are ranked in the top 50 in the world. Agriculture and forestry majors rank among the top 100 in the world. Many courses offer internships, including teachers, nursing, social work, engineering, business, etc.

Do you envy the comparison of "civil servants" treatment in various countries?

In China, "civil servants" has always been the most popular job in everyone's mouth. This job has always been a job that everyone envyed, jealous, and hated. Let's not mention the iron rice bowl. All kinds of paid holidays are everyone's envy. Every year, some people in Asia struggle for a position, but how about civil servants in some countries? In fact, according to the editors, civil servants in some countries are also quite ridiculous. Let's not talk too much nonsense, hurry and take a look at the civil servants of other countries.


    United States Civil Servants

There are relatively more civil servants in the United States, so you don’t have to worry about giving up your ideal job for a stable life. And civil servants are not the first choice of most people. Their salary level is divided into "multi-level and multi-grade", and two people in the same position also receive different amounts of money. However, the average annual salary of $ 61,000 is definitely higher than mid-level in the United States. Although not a lifetime appointment, the probability of being fired is very low. Even if you perform poorly, it will give you an adjustment period of about a year, and will not let you go directly.


    Russia Civil Servants

Putin's request for "severe penalties" for civil servants can be said to be commendable. In Russia, as long as you are in this team and have enough rules, you will definitely not worry about eating and drinking. The salary level of Russian civil servants has always remained above the average income of Russians, plus they are more or less a "gray income" that is not illegal, so it is a very good job to be there.


    India Civil Servants

Because of the existence of the "caste system", being admitted to the civil service is the fastest way for them to enter the upper class.

When the per capita annual income in India was only 460 US dollars, the annual income of civil servants had reached 7,000 US dollars, and various subsidies were numerous. Transportation subsidies, child eugenics fees, food subsidies, communication fees, special hardship areas, grassroots subsidies.

There are many types, and there are also a lot of money. The lowest level of transportation subsidies is 400 rupees, which is about 10 dollars.

Perhaps in order to stop their mad test of civil servants, India’s civil service exam is known as the most difficult in the world, with an admission rate of one-thousandth, and regulations stipulate that each qualified college student can only take the test four times in a lifetime.


    Germany Civil Servants

In a census in 2010, 20% of young people targeted for civil servants. Among them, the impact of the economic crisis on stability is the main reason for the fever of German civil servants. One characteristic of German civil servants is that the country is hired for life.

Why Envying Civil Servants of Other Countries

In addition, they will not arrange a unified examination, which positions are missing, they will temporarily arrange the examination and choose the best admission. You need to work for 40 years in a row, including college time, and then you can get a pension after graduation. Various allowances, benefits, and flexible working time settings have made the German civil servant position a sweet meal.


    Korea Civil Servants

The popularity of civil service examinations is comparable to that of China. Korean university graduates are very enthusiastic about civil service examinations. According to a survey report recently released by the Korean Statistics Department, 43% of South Korean youths most want to go to the work unit is a state agency.

Retired civil servants can receive an annuity based on 76% of the salary for the three years before retirement, while the general national annuity is only 50% of the salary for the three years before retirement.


    Norway Civil Servants

Norway is a welfare state. Employees in the public sector and employees in the private sector must participate in a unified and centralized universal insurance plan. The payment standards are exactly the same. Everyone must pay 8.2% of the salary income to the country as a social security payment.

No matter what industry you are employed in, as long as you participate in social security and pay according to regulations, the same standards apply to unemployment, medical care, maternity, and family welfare.


    Thailand Civil Servants

Former Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai of Thailand had stipulated that civil servants should be elected one day each year to work in national costumes, because this can promote the sales of local national costumes and boost employment.


    Brazil Civil Servants

In Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, civil servants may be fired for gossip. Gossip mainly refers to various unconfirmed rumors, such as rumours that wages are about to rise.

Do you know how much Salary Russian civil servants earn?

According to data released by the Russian Federal Statistics Office, the average monthly salary income of public officials of federal state organs in 2016 was 115,700 rubles, an increase of 4% over 2015.

In the list of wages of public officials of the federal state organs in 2016, the Russian government is at the top of the list, and the average monthly salary income of its officials is 228,500 rubles, a decrease of 1.4% from last year. The President's Office ranked second, with an average monthly salary income of 218,600 rubles, an increase of 0.7%.
The average monthly salary of Russian Federation Audit Office officials is 180,700 rubles, a decrease of 3.7%, ranking third.

The average monthly salary of the Federal Council officials of the Upper House of the Russian Parliament is 176,100 rubles (up 1.3%), the State Duma of the lower house-154,800 rubles (up 13%), and the Constitutional Court-136,200 rubles (up 10.4%)

Among the executive authorities, the highest income is the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation-147,200 rubles (reduction of 0.7%)
In addition, the Federal Ministry of Finance-140,100 rubles (up 7.0%)
The Federal Ministry of Emergency Situations-137,900 rubles ( Increase 33.9%)
Federal Treasury Bureau-120,300 rubles (a decrease of 27.5%)
Russian Federal Office of Presidential Affairs-117,900 rubles (an increase of 5.9%)
Federal Taxation Office-117,800 rubles (an increase of 6.3%)

Among them, the federal agency with the lowest income is the Federal Agency for National Affairs. The average monthly salary of officials is 53,900 rubles, a decrease of 23.6% compared with last year.
The exchange rate of the ruble to the US dollar has been rising. The current exchange rate of the ruble to the renminbi is 1 ruble = 0.1178 yuan. 
It is easy to calculate the salary level of Russian officials.

What is the monthly salary of Russian President Putin? In 2016, Putin’s salary was 715,000 rubles per month, which is roughly equivalent to $ 11,500.

Russian civil servants have big monthly salary gap

According to the latest statistics released by the Russian National Statistics Office, in 2016, the average salary of local civil servants in the Russian Federation increased by 11.5%. 
For national civil servants, the average salary is 45,000 rubles, and the autonomous organ is 37,800 rubles. 
As of the end of 2016, there were 685,300 national civil servants and 306,500 self-governing organs.

Russian Federal State Statistics Office data shows that the highest monthly salary of Russian civil servants is not from Moscow (83,600 rubles). But from the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Region, the local national civil servants salary of 165,900 rubles.
Russian Civil Servants Salaries

It is worth mentioning that in parts of Russia, the salaries of civil servants did not rise but fell in 2016. These areas are mainly concentrated in the Southern Ural region and Trans Ural. 
Among them, the average salary of civil servants in Kurgan Prefecture in 2016 was 41,500 rubles, a decrease of 1.1% from 2015. 

Chelyabinsk region was 47.98 million rubles, a decrease of 4.5% from the previous year, and Kantmansi Autonomous Region was 95,400 rubles, a decrease of 5% from the previous year.

What class of civil servants are Russia and Eastern Europe?

It is well known that the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and socialism have all collapsed.

So what class does the concept of civil servant or "person in the system" used by them refer to?

It actually refers to the "bureaucratic class" or "bureaucratic profiteering class".

"Civil servant" was originally a concept used by Western capitalist countries, and refers to the personnel used by government departments, while others have to rush to the market to follow the "social jungle law" or "social Darwinism". 

The government departments are controlled by the big bourgeoisie, the ruler of the "social jungle law", and serve the big bourgeoisie.

The concepts of "civil servants" (or "institutional personnel") and "non-civil servants" (or "non-institutional personnel") are themselves manifestations of the nature of capitalist society .Also, the adoption of these concepts in Russia and Eastern Europe means they agree Capitalism.

Because during the Soviet period led by Stalin (that is, the period when there was no "change"), all the people in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe were "inside the system" (the state-owned property was owned by the whole people), and what was needed from the West? 
What about the concept of "civil servants"?
 It turned out to be good, because most of the population became "non-institutional" personnel, resulting in severe social unemployment, to the point where young girls in Russia and Eastern Europe went out for prostitution in large numbers.

In the former socialist countries such as the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, large and small bureaucratic classes formed if they were given the privilege to operate state-owned assets, or (in the case where "civil servants" could not do business in person), let their relatives or cronies do business. 

Bureaucratic bourgeoisie

That is to say, the bureaucratic class and the bureaucratic bourgeoisie may be combined into one or separate, but even if they are separated, they are also a life-and-death community of interest.

When the governments of the former socialist countries such as the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe compromised and surrendered to the Western capitalist countries, and their bureaucratic bourgeoisie was gradually constrained by the other party in the economic exchanges with the Western capitalist countries. Finally, they could not extricate themselves, then bureaucratic The class was branded as a "comprador" and became a bureaucratic comprador bourgeoisie.

This is a major feature of today's world

Only by using class theory to analyze the world (and also acknowledging the dictatorship of the proletariat) can it truly stand on the stand of socialism, otherwise it must be representative of the bourgeoisie or other exploiting classes, and it must be anti-Marxism and Lenin And Mao Zedong Thought.

Of course, Russia and some Eastern European countries are awakening, especially Russia. Under Putin’s leadership, they are actually taking a path of returning to socialism, which is not only reflected in the political, military and cultural. 
The toughness of the capitalist countries is also reflected in the economic recovery of free health care and free education and other benefits for all people, so that Russian nationals are not completely "non-institutional" personnel in a certain sense. 
This is the hope of the resurgence of socialism.
The ringer must be the one who rings the bell. If the return of socialism in the world can start from Russia, then it will have the most convincing power and the greatest hope. In this sense, Putin can become the greatest socialist rescuer.
Salariues of Civil Servants in Russia

In the past, world public opinion believed that the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe were not as economically developed as Western capitalism, and were the result of socialism. But the historical fact that the Soviet Union relied on socialism to realize the basic industrialization of the country in the two to three hundred years of Western capitalism in two to three decades is a powerful refutation of this conclusion. 
Now that Russia and Eastern Europe have been engaged in capitalism for two or three decades, have they caught up with Western capitalist countries? 
Not only does it not, but it can be said that it is far worse, because you are a vassal, does international capitalism suppress you? 
So after all, it is necessary to return to socialism to be able to fundamentally catch up with capitalism, and this possibility is increasing, because we have seen the end of capitalism in the global chronic capitalist crisis.

The original socialism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, to put it bluntly, is public ownership, that is, economic democracy, that is, employment and welfare for all. But it still lacks socialist political democracy. 
This basic form of political democracy should be universal popular suffrage under the ruling party of the proletariat, that is, the masses of the people.
By excluding the non-proletarian or non-popular factors in the multi-party campaign and relying on regional governance performance competition to produce excellent candidates under the ruling party of the proletariat, that is, the masses, the bourgeoisie is ruled out.
The possibility, on the other hand, makes the whole people exercise their political power.

Soviet Union and Eastern Europe

The Soviet Union and Eastern Europe will not defeat the so-called democratic election system under the capitalist multi-party system (both represent the bourgeoisie) without establishing such popular socialist one-party popular elections, and will be deceived by capitalism.
It was replaced by a fake democratic political system, and it had to be completely economically subordinate to capitalism. 
This is the profound political reason for the failure of the socialist cause in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. 
Only by their own reflection and the establishment of a true socialist political and democratic system can they ultimately be able to not only in the economic system, but also in the political system, that is to decisively defeat capitalism in all directions.

Note: The global chronic capitalist economic crisis here refers to the rapid recovery of the economic recovery that can be brought about by any scientific and technological breakthrough when today's comprehensive science and technology such as information technology, cracking technology, and counterfeiting technology are highly developed. 

The overproduction of Chengxin has caused the recovery and prosperity that has been longer in the past to become shorter and shorter until it is negligible, and the entire social economy is always in recession and depression for a long time.

Common sense tells us that if a person has an acute fever, he will soon recover and return to a healthy state, but if a person has a chronic fever, that is, three days and two ends, and a fever all year round, how big is he? 
What is the chance of recovery? 
The same is true for the social economy:
When the chronic capitalist economic crisis occurs, how many years can capitalism remain? 
Therefore, the future of the world must be socialism.

> SHARE this article >>

Employment in Australia or Australian Jobs 

People often encounter the concerns of students and parents about future work. They don't know which direction to choose. Especially when the students 'own interests are not the same as the parents' interests, the mentality collapses. In fact, people don't think this is a very important matter. The trend of employment is always changing. This is the norm. People think it is important to respect your own ideas. However, looking at government data may clear up a bit of the fog and see what is happening in reality.

The Australian government publishes a booklet every year to introduce the employment situation in Australia. It not only summarizes the work profile of the states, but also talks about the needs and skills of future jobs. This is a trend that can be referred to when working in Australia, especially those studying abroad / immigrants who are still struggling to study:

The overall situation of the 2019 Australian Jobs report is as follows:

State Overview

  1. New South Wales (4,054,600 jobs): Australia's highest employment rate.
  2. Victoria (3,339,200 jobs): Australia's strongest employment growth rate in the past five years.
  3. Queensland (2,491,300 jobs): 34% of staff in the state have certificate III or higher vocational education qualifications.
  4. South Australia (843,700 jobs): 80% of the state's jobs are concentrated in its capital city, Adelaide.
  5. Western Australia (1,351,900 jobs): More than 110,000 jobs in the state are related to mining.
  6. Tasmania (249,500 jobs): More than half of the jobs in the state are outside the capital city of Hobart.
  7. Northern Territory (133,700 jobs): 80% of jobs in the state are full-time.
  8. Leadership (228,200 jobs): The state's staff has the highest level of education in Australia.

  • Highest employment rate
  • Highest employment rate in each state
  • Occupation category with the highest overall employment rate

Future Employment trends in Oz

Like China and many other countries, Australia is also facing an aging population and has delayed the retirement age to 65. We are often surprised to see that many elderly people in Australia (or what we call "elderly people"), 60 or 70 years old, are still working hard.

Unlike us, many elderly people in Australia speak of work as a pleasure. In an “individual” education environment, the elderly in Australia often live alone instead of having to live with their children. Pro-enemy; not only do they think so, their parents also think so: put their comfort and happiness first.) So for many elderly people, "delayed retirement" finds something to do for themselves and keeps them busy. It is also a good choice for them. In addition, seeing other people and engaging with society every day is also a way to slow down aging.
Working in Australia
In addition to the aging population, high technology and production automation also seem to be a concern for Australians. Many people worry whether their jobs will soon be replaced by robots. Their worries are unjustified: surveys have shown that many factories have already begun this trend, and more and more low-end labor is declining. For example, many physical activities that rely on physical strength are gradually being simplified and replaced. However, some surveys have shown that although mechanization is an irreversible trend, Australia's employment rate has continued to increase year after year, and it does not seem to have much impact.

People do not believe that mechanization can replace all jobs (types of work). At this point, people are very happy (cheeky) to see that the Australian Government has written similar content: They believe that not all jobs can be done " automation". On the one hand, because some jobs are difficult to be replaced by machines, or the cost of replacement is too high, it is better to continue to use labor. 
On the other hand, automation and mechanization also bring many new job opportunities, such as 3D printing design, big data analysis and other professions; at the same time, all types of staff can learn to use new skills through continuous learning.
Automation can save the time of employees and workers without having to always stay in front of the machine. While the machine helps them work, it also frees their hands and gives them time to do other (more) work.
Future Working Trends in Australia

What are the future Australian working trends?

The Australian government report points out that what will be needed in the future is more complex and diversified skills (the benefits of dual degrees or interdisciplinary studies can be seen here, and walking on multiple legs). This "complex" and "plurality" means that while we "operate the machine", we also need problem-solving skills. On top of this, creativity, the ability to make complex judgements, social interaction, emotional intelligence, and other interpersonal skills can be considered true "complete". This "professional technology + personal ability" package can ensure that our work will not be easily surpassed and replaced by machines or artificial intelligence.
Employment in Australia, work in Oz

Many universities have launched dual-degree or undergraduate courses to ensure that students can have as many interdisciplinary options as possible while receiving education. This cake is still very fragrant.

In life and work, we always come across people who have a strong ability to learn and work, but they don’t understand a little emotional intelligence and no human accidents. The Australian government's ability to work in the future refers more to "human" skills than to "work" skills.

The Australian Government has proposed the following 10 skills for future job needs:
1. Creativity, originality and initiative
2. Analytical thinking and innovation
3. Active learning
4. Technology design and programming
5. Complex problem-solving
6. Critical thinking and analysis
7. Leadership and social influence (force)
8. Emotional intelligence
9. Reasoning
10. Resilience, stress tolerance and flexibility

The simplest and most rude question is: In which industries are you looking for a job after graduation?

The following industries are best to look for after graduation:
  1.  Architecture and Building (Engineering)
  2.  Education
  3.  Engineering and Related Technologies
  4.  Agriculture, Environmental and Related Studies
  5.  Health
  6.  Management and Commerce
  7.  Food, Hospitality and Personal Services
  8.  Society and Culture
  9.  Natural and Physical Sciences
  10.  Creative Art
  11.  Information Technology

What will be the career trend in the next five years (to May 2023)?

  1. Aged and Disabled Carers
  2. Registered nurses
  3.  Child Carers
  4.  Software and Applications Programmers
  5.  Waiters (catering industry) waiters
  6.  Education Aides
  7.  Chefs
  8.  Primary School Teachers
  9.  Kitchen hands
  10.  Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers
Jobs in Australia

Another simple and rude question: What are the so-called immigrant occupations?

Analyze it according to the basic categories:

  • Construction Engineering Management / Supervision Early Childhood Education
  •  Early Childhood Education Management
  •  Preschool Teacher, Elementary School Teacher
  •  Middle School Teacher, Special Needs Teacher Nurse
  •  Registered Nurse Health Institution Management Accounting Architect
  • Landscape Architect Agricultural Consultant
  •  Agricultural Scientist Software and Application Programmer Lawyer Car Maintenance Worker 
  • Carpenter
  • Joiner

However, it should be noted that the Australian government's immigration policy and occupation (it's a child's face) is to say that it changes, these are for your reference only and cannot guarantee all the actual conditions.

> SHARE this article >>

Contact Form


Email *

Message *

Powered by Blogger.
Javascript DisablePlease Enable Javascript To See All Widget