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An iatrogenic illness is, literally, a disorder induced by, or resulting from, the activities of the attending physician. Iatrogenesis is the cause of illness, complications, or other adverse effects resulting from any medical activity, including diagnosis, intervention, error, or negligence. Iatrogenesis can include mental suffering through medical belief or declaration of the person who does it. Some iatrogenic events are obvious, such as the wrong amputation, while others, such as drug interactions, may escape recognition. According to a 2013 estimate, about 20 million adverse drug reactions have occurred worldwide. In 2013, about 142,000 people died from adverse effects of the treatment, compared to about 94,000 in 1990. 

Where can I get the best medical treatment for Iatrogenic disease?

You can get the best possible medical treatment for iatrogenic disease on doctor online BIoTb. They offer fully natural and safest of the treatments which are most effective.

Latrogenic disease infographics

What are the risks associated with radiation?

1. Radioactive lesions are progressive and chronic

2. Pneumonitis

3. Glomerulosclerosis and chronic interstitial nephropathy

4. Enteritis and cystitis

5. Veno-occlusive disease of the liver

6. Malignancy

7. Bone marrow


What are the risks in the hospital?

The incidence of nosocomial infections is about 10%. Infectious diseases are often caused by infectious diseases. 

There is a high risk of infection associated with diagnostic and treatment procedures and antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

How do doctors get infected? 

A physician's potential injury is not limited to careless use of drugs or procedures, but can include unwarranted statements and misinterpretation of experimental data. 

The doctor must know the characteristics of the drugs he prescribes and their risks. Ignorance of the possibility of reaction is a clear sign of negligence. 

The doctor should warn the patient about possible side effects.

What are drug and food interactions? 

Medicines can reduce food intake, increase urinary excretion, directly compete or oppose protein-carrying nutrients, and inhibit the synthesis of enzymes or coenzymes necessary for the metabolism of food.


What is drug fever?

Drug fever represents one percent of all fevers of unknown origin. Any drug can cause fever (antihistamines, barbiturates, iodides, penicillins, phenytoin, propylthiouracil, β-lactum antibiotics, etc.). A history of allergy, rash, or eosinophilia is rare in drug fever.

Medication errors and negligence

Iatrogenic conditions do not result from medical errors, such as mistakes made during surgery, or from prescribing or administering the wrong treatment, such as medication. In fact, the internal and sometimes negative effects of medical treatment are iatrogenic. For example, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, which are aggressive for therapeutic effects, often produce iatrogenic effects such as hair loss, hemolytic anemia, diabetes insipidus, vomiting, nausea, brain damage, lymphedema, infertility, etc. 

Loss of function resulting from the removal of a diseased part of the body is iatrogenic, as in the case of diabetes following the removal of the pancreas or all parts. 

The effects of iatrogenesis can be misleading in some cases. For example, a ruptured aortic aneurysm is fatal in most cases.

The survival rate for treating a ruptured aortic aneurysm is less than 25%. 

Patients who die during or after surgery will be considered as iatrogenic deaths, but the procedure itself is still better than the chance of dying if it is not treated.

Other situations may involve actual negligence or incorrect procedures, such as when pharmacists produce handwritten prescriptions. 

Another situation may include neglect where patients are sidelined and do not receive appropriate care because providers are biased because of factors such as sex, race, religion, immigration status, etc. This can lead to a lack of trust between patients and providers, leading patients to not seek treatment, resulting in more deaths. 

Risks associated with medical assistance

  • Negligence
  • Side effects from prescription or over-the-counter medications
  • Interactions with prescription drugs
  • Nosocomial infections
  • Incorrect prescriptions, possibly due to poor handwriting or computer typos
  • Improper processes, procedures, information, methods or equipment
  • Overuse of drugs (causing, for example, bacterial resistance to antibiotics)

  • Medication errors


Drug Interactions

The most common iatrogenic side effects are caused by drug interactions, that is, when pharmacists do not check all the drugs the patient is taking and prescribe new ones that interact in an agonistic way or opposition (potential). ). Such conditions can cause severe morbidity and mortality. 

Adverse reactions, such as allergic reactions to drugs, even if the pharmacists did not expect them, are also classified as iatrogenic.

Changes in the immune system against bacteria are also iatrogenic. Antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria have developed in response to prescription antibiotics.

Some drugs and vaccines themselves are clinically toxic due to their mechanism of action. For example, antineoplastic alkylating agents cause DNA damage, which harms cancer cells more than normal cells. However, alkylation causes serious side effects and is carcinogenic in itself, which can lead to the development of secondary tumors. Similarly, arsenic-based drugs such as melarsoprol, which is used to treat trypanosomiasis, can cause arsenic poisoning.

Negative effects can occur mechanically. The development of some surgical instruments can be decades old, so some side effects (such as physical trauma) may never be fully understood.


Trogen syndrome is the result of the examination and treatment process performed on the patient. With many drugs given to the same patient, side effects are inevitable. Doctors must take appropriate measures to diagnose and manage them.


One of the principles of medicine set by Hippocrates is "First, do no harm." Stories of medicinal treatments causing more harm than good have been recorded since ancient times. 

Iatrogenic disease occurs when the adverse effects of treatment or diagnosis cause pathology that is not dependent on the condition in which the treatment is approved. 

It is impossible to get the benefits of modern medicine if the rational process of research and treatment is suspended because of possible risks. 

Diagnostic procedures (mechanical and radiological), treatment procedures (drugs, surgery, other invasive procedures), hospitals and the doctor himself can cause iatrogenic diseases. 

Drug-induced hematological disorders

Megaloblastic anemia (MA)

Oral contraceptives, phenytoin, phenobarbital and primidone cause AM from folic acid deficiency, colchicines, neomycin, paraamino salicylic acid (PAS) from vitamin B12 deficiency and 6-mercaptopurine, 5-fluro -uracil, hydroxyurea, acyclovir and DNA of interferdoring in metabolism.

Hemolytic anemia

Drugs that cause hemolysis by direct action are phenacetin, PAS, sulfonamides: from the immune system, aminopyrine, chlorpromazine, quinine and tetracycline; and G-6 PD patients who cannot, antimalarials (primaquine) and antibiotics (nitrofurantoin). 

Aplastic anemia 

Drugs that frequently cause bone marrow depression: busulphan, cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, vinblastine and 6 mercaptopurine. 

Drugs rarely cause bone marrow depression: chloramphenicol, penicillamine, sulfonamides, isoniazid, NSAIDs, analgin, thiouracil, anticonvulsants, antidiabetics, cimetidine, tranquilizers, etc.


Drugs that cause Thrombocytopenia

Alfa-methyldopa, carbimazole, chloramphenicol, cyclosporins, phenylbutazone, quinine, quinidine, rifampicin, sulfonamides, etc. 

Risks of blood transfusion 

Complications occur in 2 percent of blood transfusions.


 A. Immune reactions: allergic-anaphylaxis, fever, hemolysis, non-cardiopulmonary edema.

 b. Non-immune diseases: blood circulation, thrombophlebitis and embolism, bacterial infection, transmission of diseases such as malaria, hepatitis, syphilis and AIDS and siderosis related to blood transfusion in multiple transfusions.


Drug-induced intestinal infections

Mouth ulcers

 1. Types of lichen planus lesions: methyldopa, chloroquine and propranolol.

 2. Lupus erythematosus type lesions: hydralazine, gold. Gastroduodenal acid disease: acetylsalicylic acid, NSAIDs, corticosteroids, etc. Pancreatitis: azathioprine, glucocorticoids and oral contraceptives.


 Malabsorption: various antibiotics, cholestyramine and neomycin. 

Liver damage

Drug-induced liver damage is something that can affect almost all drugs because the liver metabolizes almost all drugs. 

Acute (acetaminophen, halothane) and chronic (nitrofurantoin, methyldopa) hepatocellular injury, veno-occlusive disease (cyclophosphamide), and hepatocellular carcinoma (sex and anabolic hormones) can occur. 

There are many new drugs such as glyburide, ketoconazole, lisinopril, lovastatin, ticlopidine, etc. which is associated with hepatotoxic reactions. Among the causes of liver failure, certain drugs such as halothane, acetaminophen, phenytoin and alpha methyldopa cause 20 to 50% of cases.


Drugs that produce neutropenia

Analgesics and NSAIDs: Indomethcin, Phenacetin, Acetaminophen, Phenyl-Butazone, and Aminopyrine.

Anticonvulsants: Phenytoin, Carbamazepine

Antithyroid drugs: thiouracil, methimazole

Phenothiazine: Chlorpromazine

Antiarrhythmic: Quinidine



Breathing problems due to medicine


Types of reactions : Examples of drugs

1. Airway obstruction (bronchospasm) : beta-blockers, adenosine, NSAIDs.

2.ACE inhibitors : Cough

3. Nasal congestion : Oral decongestants, reserpine, guanithidine

4. Pulmonary edema : Contrast agents, methadone, interleukin 2

5. Fenfluramine : high blood pressure

6. Inhalation of the lungs : Cancer agents, Acyclovir, Amiodarone

7. Pleural disease : Hydralazine, Methysergide

8. Pulmonary thromboembolism : Oral contraceptives



Drugs that cause thrombocytopenia

Alfa-methyldopa, carbimazole, chloramphenicol, cyclosporins, phenylbutazone, quinine, quinidine, rifampicin, sulfonamides, etc.


Risks of blood transfusion

Complications occur in 2 percent of blood transfusions.

i. Immune reactions: allergic-anaphylaxis, fever, hemolysis, non-cardiopulmonary edema.


ii. Non-immune diseases: blood circulation, thrombophlebitis and embolism, bacterial infection, transmission of diseases such as malaria, hepatitis, syphilis and AIDS and siderosis related to blood transfusion in multiple transfusions. Gastrointestinal disorders caused by drugs


Mouth ulcers

1.  Types of lichen planus lesions: methyldopa, chloroquine and propranolol.

2.  Lupus erythematosus type lesions: hydralazine, gold. Peptic acid disease: acetylsalicylic acid, NSAIDs, corticosteroids, etc.

 Pancreatitis: azathioprine, glucocorticoids and oral contraceptives. Malabsorption: various antibiotics, cholestyramine and neomycin.


Liver damage

Drug-induced liver damage is something that can affect almost all drugs because the liver metabolizes almost all drugs. 

Acute (acetaminophen, halothane) and chronic (nitrofurantoin, methyldopa) hepatocellular injury, veno-occlusive disease (cyclophosphamide), and hepatocellular carcinoma (sex and anabolic hormones) can occur.

There are many new drugs such as glyburide, ketoconazole, lisinopril, lovastatin, ticlopidine, etc. which is associated with hepatotoxic reactions.

Among the causes of liver failure, certain drugs such as halothane, acetaminophen, phenytoin and alpha methyldopa cause 20 to 50% of cases.


Drug-induced heart disease

Drug reactions can lead to worsening of angina (alpha-blockers), arrhythmias (digitalis, beta-adrenergic agents, tricyclic antidepressants and quinine), cardiomyopathy (daunorubicin, emetine and lithium), hypo or hypertension (glucocorticoids and sympathomimetics), . (emetine, procainamide and minoxidil) and Torsades de pointes (sparfloxacin). Kidney problems caused by drugs


The kidney is the main excretory organ of the body and therefore many drugs affect it.


 1. Directly toxic to tubular cells: paracetamol, amphotericin B, cisplatin, sulfonamides, etc.

 2. Acts as an antigen or hapten in the antigen-antibody reaction that damages the renal interstitium and leads to severe interstitial nephritis: penicillins, cephalosporins, NSAIDs, anticoagulants, gold salts, captopril, etc.

 3. Renal failure due to decreased renal blood flow: norepinephrine and dopamine in high doses. NSAIDs affect renal blood flow by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins. Analgesic nephropathy

Large and long-term use of compound analgesic preparations, especially those containing phenacetin, can lead to chronic kidney failure.

Analgesic nephropathy is part of a broader analgesic syndrome, which includes hypertension, peptic ulcer disease, anemia, and frequent headaches. Drug-induced kidney disease

Common risk factors for adverse effects include older age, depressed voice, pre-existing renal dysfunction, and previous use of other nephrotoxins.


Side effects due to sudden discontinuation of treatment


Stopping treatment suddenly can cause:


 A. Relapse: relapse with or without an increase in the underlying disease.

 b.  Distraction: a new clinical illness unrelated to the original illness


Antihypertensives: Sudden withdrawal of clonidine and alpha methyldopa causes pheochromocytoma-like syndrome.

Beta-blockers: Stopping the drug suddenly in heart disease can cause heart attack, worsening of angina or stomach upset.


Corticosteroids: Absence of withdrawal after long-term treatment is observed, unrelated to dose and duration of treatment and recurrence of primary disease even in severe form.

Barbiturates: Abrupt discontinuation of treatment in epileptic patients may result in status epilepticus.

When used to induce sleep, sudden discontinuation can cause severe insomnia, confusion, agitation, hallucinations, and seizures. Doctor Online Telemedicine

BIoTb claims to be No. 1 Tele-medicine in India Online Doctors Platform Take appointment with doctor online at BIoTb, India’s top tele medicine doctors online portal for patients disease treatment. It is AI driven Telemedicine Software. You can Book Appointment with Doctors Online App BIoTb via Instant Connect Medical treatment appointment booking with doctors at the best online telemedicine app BIoTb India. Before consulting you may take preliminary consultancy with our AI Powered ChatDoc.

Loo of BIoTb telemedicine India

Why to choose BIoTb's Lifeline Outlet to Connect with Remote Doctors through Internet?

Doctors connect with patients and patients connect with doctors online at the best doctor online at BIoTb India. 

You may take appointment with Indian doctors at the easiest medical app BIoTb.

Is BIoTb a telemedicine company?

Per the WHO (World Health Organization) Telemedicine is “The delivery of healthcare services, where distance is a critical factor, by all healthcare professionals using information and communication technologies for the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, research and evaluation and for the continuing education of healthcare providers, all in the interests of advancing the health of individuals and their communities.” BIoTb complies this definition.

What is BIoTb ChatDoc?

BioTb ChatDoc is an AI based doctor chat bot.


What is BIoTB TCC (Telemedicine Consultation Centre )?

BioTB Telemedicine Consulting Centre is the site where patients are present. In a Telemedicine Consulting Centre, equipment for BP measuring, €Sugar level measurement, scanning / converting, transformation and communicating the patient's medical information can be available along with an expert guide.


What is Biotb Telehealth?

BIoTb Telehealth is the use of AI based electronic information and telecommunications technologies to support long distance clinical medicare, patient and medical professional health related education and training, remote patient monitoring, public health and health administration, health IoT, etc.

BIoTb AI and IoT


What is BIoTb Telemedicine Specialty Centre (TSC)

BIoTb Telemedicine Specialty Centre is a site, where the specialist is present. He can interact with the patient present in the remote site and view his reports and monitor his progress.


What is BIoTb Telemedicine System?

The BIoTb telemedicine system consists of an interface between hardware, software along with a communication channel to eventually bridge multiple geographical locations to exchange information and enable teleconsultancy between multiple locations.

The hardware used by BIoTb consists of a computer, printer, scanner, videoconferencing equipment , health devices, etc. The communication channel enables the connectivity whereby two locations can connect to each other. The software enables the acquisition of patient information (images, reports, films, records, etc.). 

  • BIoTb facilitates disease surveillance and program tracking
  • BIoTb provides easy access to remote areas
  • Using BIoTb telemedicine in peripheral health set-ups can significantly reduce the time and costs of patient transportation
  • BIoTb Improves communications between health providers separated by distance
  • BIoTb critical care monitoring where patient transfer is impossible
  • Continuing medical education and clinical research activities
  • BIoTb is a tool for public awareness regarding health
  • BIoTb is a tool for disaster management activities
  • Second opinion and complex interpretations
  • The greatest hope for use of BioTb technology is that it can bring the expertise to medical practices once telecommunication is been established.
  • Tele-mentored procedures or surgery using hand robots including nanotech
  • BIoTb monitoring home care and ambulatory monitoring
  • BIoTb provides an opportunity for standardization and equity in provision of healthcare, both within individual countries and across regions and continents.

BIoTb telecommunication and telemedicine are important technologies to improve and provide rehabilitation services in remote areas. 

BIoTb can be substitutes for physicians in rural areas especially in India and other developing countries where resources are scarce and public health problems are in plenty. It supplements the current Indian health scenario in a huge way in most countries.



What basic types of Technology BIoTb uses?

There are 2 different kinds of technology that make up major part of the BIoTb application.

1. Store and Forward: This is used to transfer digital images from one location to another. A digital image is taken using a digital camera, stored and then sent (‘forwarded’) by a computer to another location. This is typically used for nonemergency situations, when a diagnosis or consultation may be made in the next few hours and sent back. Teleradiology, telepathology and teledermatology are a few examples.

2. Two-way IATV: The widely used technology, the 2-way IATV(interactive television), is used when a live consultation is necessary. Videoconferencing equipment, or may be simply software at both locations allow a real-time consultation to take place.

Almost all specialties of medicine have been found to be conducive to this kind of consultation including psychiatry, pulmonary, internal medicine, rehabilitation, cardiology, pediatrics, sexology, obstetrics, neurology, gynecology, tele-dermatology, etc.

The patient and sometimes their provider or more commonly a practitioner nurse or telemedicine coordinator (or any combination of these 3), are at the originating site. The doctor is at the referral site, most often at an urban medical center.


Infrastructure at BioTb

BIoTb centers can be broadly classified into the following classes:

  • PTC (Primary Telemedicine Center)
  • STC (Secondary Telemedicine Center)
  • TTC (Tertiary Telemedicine Center)

BioTb PTCs would be based in Primary Health Centers, BIoTb STCs in Secondary Medical Centers and TTCs in Tertiary Medical Centers. The Hardware requirements and standards are referred in the context of the Telemedicine BIoTb Consulting and Specialist Centres TCC and TSC.


BIoTb Telecommunication Technologies

The first among the challenging questions arising when planning BIoTb telemedicine network is bandwidth. Bandwidth is proportional to the complexity of the data for a given level of system performance. Bandwidth is the capacity that defines how quickly bits may be sent down the channels in a telecommunication channel.

BIoTb banner



The Internet has a strong impact in delivering certain kinds of care to patients.  

Many BIoTb consumers are finding access to online patient appointment, medical education, review of lab work, and even App based and e-mail consultations.


What is the application of BioTb Telehealth in Public Health?

BIoTb's Epidemiological Surveillance

BIoTb applications for epidemiological surveillance are gradually reaching new heights with the development of technologies like the GISs (geographic information systems).

  • It can play a pivotal role in anticipating epidemics
  • It can give new insight into geographical distribution and gradients in disease prevalence and incidence and valuable insight into public health based assessment.
  • It also provides crucial information of differential individuals at risk based on risk factor profiles.
  • It helps in differentiating and delineating the risk factors in the mass.
  • BIoTb helps in interventional planning, assessment of various interventional health strategies and their effectiveness.
  • BIoTb is an essential tool in real-time monitoring of diseases, locally and globally.
  • BIoTb GIS provides the basic architecture and analytical tools to perform spatial temporal modeling of climate, environment and disease transmission helpful in understanding the spread of vector borne diseases where remote sensing techniques can also used.
  • BIoTb facilitates a GIS-based method for acquiring, retrieving, analyzing and managing health related data which differs from traditional modes of disease surveillance and reporting. It facilitates aggregation and integration of disparate data with applicable AI from diverse sources so that it can guide the formulation of public health programs and policy decisions.


BIoTb's Interactive health communication and disease prevention

BIoTb’s  IT, AI and telemedicine can be used to inform, influence and motivate on health, health-related issues and adoption of healthy lifestyles. 

The various approaches and applications can advance and support primary, secondary and tertiary health promotion and disease prevention health agenda.

  • It can easily promote and maintain healthy behaviors among people.
  • It can relay health related information. It can provide an easy access to those living in remote areas.
  • It enables informed decision-making. It also simplifies the health decision-making process  or communication between the BIoTb elements healthcare providers and individuals regarding prevention, diagnosis or management of health condition and treatment. As a result, BIoTb users are exposed to a broader choice base.
  • BIoTb can also help in peer information exchange and emotional support under its tele-psychology.
  • BIoTb can be a very important tool for the evaluation and monitoring of healthcare services in India.
  • It promotes self-care and domiciliary care practices. Many living in the remote areas can be benefited by self management of medical problems which will supplement existing healthcare services.


BIoTb Telemedicine in India

In contrast to the bleak scenario in Indian healthcare, computer literacy is developing quickly in India. Healthcare experts are now looking at BIoTb as their newly found Avatar. It is far easier to set up an excellent telecommunication infrastructure in suburban and rural India than to place hundreds of medical specialists in these places. BIoTb realizes that the future of telecommunications lies in satellite-based technology and fiber optic cables.


What Current Telemedicine Efforts in India favour BIoTb?

In India, telehealth programs are actively supported by:

  • vvfit
  • Department of IT, GoI
  • State governments
  • Indian Space Research Organization
  • NEC Telemedicine program for North-Eastern states
  • Asia Heart Foundation
  • Telemedicine technology also supported by some other private organizations like BIoTb

DIT as a facilitator with the long-term objective of effective incorporation and utilization of IT in all major sectors, has taken the following leads in Tele-medicine:

  • Technology Development
  • Standardization
  • Framework for building IT Infrastructure in health
  • Initiation of pilot schemes-Selected Specialty, e.g., Oncology, Tropical Diseases and General tele-medicine system covering all specialties



What Telemedicine Challenges doe BIoTb overcomes?

BIoTb overcomes the following constraints in the online Indian healthcare:

  • Patient fear and unfamiliarity: There is lack of confidence in patients about the outcome of eOPD.
  • Perspective of medical practitioners: Doctors are not fully convinced and familiar with teledoctor app.
  • Financial unavailability: The technology and communication costs being too high, sometimes make Telemedicine financially unfeasible.
  • Lack of basic public amenities: In India, a major population lives below the poverty line. Basic amenities like primary health services, transportation, electricity, telecommunication, safe drinking water, sewage, etc. are missing. No technological advancement can change anything when humans have nothing to change.
  • Literacy rate and diversity in languages: About 66% of the Indian population is literate with only 2% being adept in English.
  • Quality aspect: In case of healthcare, there is no proper governing body to form guidelines in this respect and motivate the organizations to follow. In most aspects it is solely left to organizations on how they take it.
  • Technical constraints: Telemedicine supported by various types of software and hardware still needs to mature. For correct diagnosis and pacing of data, we require advanced biological sensors and more bandwidth support.
  • Governmental Support: Governments have limitations and so do private enterprises. Any technology in its primary stage needs care and support. Only governments have the resources and the power to help it survive and grow. There is little interest of the government to develop it.

Doctors Online


We can realize that BIoTb telemedicine will soon be just another way to see a health professional and healthcare expert interaction. Remote patient monitoring has the potential to make every minute count by gathering clinical data from many patients concurrently. BIoTb has a smart balance between total dependence on computer solutions and the use of human intelligence along with AI. Striking that balance may make all the difference in saving someone's life. The potential of BIoTb telemedicine, tele-health and e-health is still left to our imaginations or the destinies.




What are Rave Parties?

A rave (from the verb: rave) is a dance event in a warehouse, club, or public or private venue, usually featuring a DJ playing electronic music. This genre is associated with the music scene of the early 1990s when DJs played at illegal events and the music genre dominated electronic music from a variety of subgenres, including drum and bass, dubstep, trap, break, happy hardcore technology, hardcore, house and other music. Sometimes musicians are known to play at raves, in addition to other types of performers such as go-go dancers and firecrackers. The music is enhanced with powerful speakers, often with large subwoofers to create deep bass. This music is often accompanied by laser light shows, color images, optical effects and mechanics.


Enjoying Rave

While some raves may be small gatherings held in nightclubs or people's homes, some raves have grown to be larger, such as large festivals and events featuring multiple DJs. and music venues (eg Castlemorton Common Festival in 1992). Some electronic music events have a serious nature, but on a larger scale, are often commercial. 

Raves can last a long time, with some events going on for twenty-four hours and all night. Law enforcement raids and anti-rave laws have led to violent protests in many countries. This is due to the combination (often called "club drugs" or "party drugs" in MDA) amphetamine, LSD GHB, ketamine, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. 

In addition to drugs, raves often use unlicensed and unused warehouses or airplane hangars. These concerns are often caused by the moral panic surrounding the fanatical tradition.

Rave culture at a party of adult boys

In the mid-late 1980s, a wave of psychedelic and electronic music, particularly acid house music, emerged from the acid house music scene of the mid to late 1980s in the Chicago area of ​​the United States. 

When the artists of the Chicago acid scene began to find success abroad, acid house quickly took hold and spread throughout the UK in clubs, warehouses and independents, d first in Manchester and central 1980s, later in London. 

In the late 1980s, the term "rave" was adopted to describe the subculture that grew out of the acid house movement. These events are linked to the party atmosphere of Ibiza, a Mediterranean island in Spain, which is frequented by young British, Italian, Greek, Irish and German youths who organize raves and dances.



What is Rave Dance?

The feeling of participating in a group event is one of the main attractions of music, and dance is a direct means of it.Delirium itself is a dance without a program, in which the movements are not defined and danced randomly, the dancers are inspired directly by the music, their situation and watching others are dancing. Thus, electronic music, rave, and club dance refer to street dance styles that originated in the context of electronic music culture. These songs are street dance since they started in the underground rave and club movement, without involving the dance hall. 

Naughty girls at a rave party

These songs are created in certain "stages" around the world, only known to ravers or club goers trying to reach those places. They were born at a time when certain movements began to be made and many of them are in these places, creating a system of movements that is complete, but still complex, adapted for each change of the dancer. and dance what he wants like that. these movements. 

Many rave dance techniques suggest using your body as an extension of the music, relaxing and allowing the music to flow through your body to create unique movements. 

One characteristic that all these musicals share, in addition to starting in clubs, raves and music festivals around the world and in different years, is that when YouTube and other social media started to become popular (and around 2006), these songs became available. popularized by the videos of raves they perform, record and upload their videos. Therefore, they began to be made outside of where they came from, creating different films in different countries. 

Also, some of these songs have evolved, and these dance scenes are no longer completely connected to the club/rave scene they came from. 

Also, the way things are taught and learned has changed. In the past, if someone wanted to learn one of these songs, they would go to a club/rave, watch people dance and try to imitate them. 

In the Internet and social media, these songs are often taught in video lessons and the culture spreads and grows in these media such as, and forums, Flogger and Fotolog, Rebolation, Sensualize and Free. 


Due to the lack of study that has been put into these songs, combined with the negative and incorrect information about them on the Internet, it is difficult to find reliable information outside of the video.



What is Rave Music?

The Roland TB-303 is a synthesizer used in acid house music. TR-909 is a machine used for music, home and many other types.

Rave music is often featured in DJ sets, using mixers and turntables or CDJs. 


Rave music can refer to the house, new beats, breakbeat, acid house, techno and hardcore techno styles of the late 1980s/1990s, which were the first types of music to be played at parties, or any other type of electronic music. . music (EDM) that can be played at raves. The "rave" genre, also known as hardcore (not to be confused with hardcore punk) from the early ravers, appeared first in the "acid" of Britain in the late 1900s. 1980s in parties and warehouses objects and other underground places. as in British pirate radio.

Another genre called "rave" in the early 1990s, is the Belgian hardcore techno music that emerged from the new scene, when technology became the main genre of the Belgian EDM scene. The "rave" genre will evolve into oldschool hardcore, which will lead to new music genres such as drum and bass, 2-step and happy hardcore as well as other hardcore techno genres, such as gabber and hardstyle. Rave music is often featured in DJ mixes, although live performances are not uncommon.


Refer: adult cakes in Rave Parties

Psychics use by The CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency) 

Psychics with ESP (Extrasensory Perception) include clairvoyants, prophets, telepaths, palmists, numerologists, graphologists and metaphysicians. The CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency) decided they should investigate and know as much about it as possible. Various programs were approved yearly and iteratively funded accordingly. Semi-annual reviews were made at the Senate and House select committee level. Reviewing work results took place, and remote viewing was attempted with the results kept secret from the 'viewer'. It was thought that if the viewer was shown they were incorrect it would damage confidence and skills of the viewer. This was SOP- Standard Operating Procedure throughout the years of military and domestic remote viewing programs.  It was kept classified and secret.

Remote viewing attempts to sense unknown information about places or incidents. Normally it is performed to detect current events, but during military and domestic intelligence applications, viewers claimed to sense things in the future, experiencing precognition.

Extrasensory Perception

In the 1970s United States intelligence sources believed that the Soviet Union was spending about 60 million roubles annually on "psychotronic" research. In response to claims that the Soviet program had produced results, the CIA initiated funding for a new program known as SCANATE (scan by coordinate). Remote viewing research began in 1972 at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in Menlo Park, California. Proponents ( i.e. Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff) of the research said that a minimum accuracy rate of 65% required by the clients was often exceeded in the later experiments.

Remote viewing research began in 1972 at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI)

International celebrity, Israeli Uri Geller could bend spoons and see inside opaque vessels with mind power.

 Lost Soviet spy planelocated  in 1976 by Rosemary Smith 

In January 2017, the CIA published records online of the Stargate Project as part of the CREST archive.

Britain and CIA has a long tradition of not only experimenting with psychics, but actually using them for military purposes. After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the British government removed a manual on psychic abilities from the website of one of America's top psi spies. 

Physicists Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff began testing psychics for SRI in 1972, including one who would later become an international celebrity, Israeli Uri Geller. Their apparently successful results garnered interest within the U.S. Department of Defense. 

One of the project's successes was the location of a lost Soviet spy plane in 1976 by Rosemary Smith, a young administrative assistant recruited by project director Dale Graff.

In 1977 the (ACSI) Army Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence  (SED) Systems Exploitation Detachment started the Gondola Wish program to evaluate potential adversary applications of remote viewing. Army Intelligence then formalized this in1978 as an operational program Grill Flame , based in buildings 2560 and 2561 at Fort Meade, in Maryland (INSCOM "Detachment G")

In 1995 the project was transferred to the CIA and a retrospective evaluation of the results was done. A report by Utts claimed the results were evidence of psychic functioning.

    Other evaluators, two psychologists from AIR, assessed the potential intelligence-gathering usefulness of remote viewing. They concluded that the alleged psychic technique was of dubious value and lacked the concreteness and reliability necessary for it to be used as a basis for making decisions or taking action. 

The final report found "reason to suspect" that in "some well publicised cases of dramatic hits" the remote viewers might have had "substantially more background information" than might otherwise be apparent.

David Marks in his book The Psychology of the Psychic (2000) discussed the flaws in the Stargate Project. Marks noted that the judge Edwin May was also the principal investigator for the project and this was problematic, making a huge conflict of interest with collusion, cuing and fraud being possible. Marks concluded the project was nothing more than a "subjective delusion" and after two decades of research it had failed to provide any scientific evidence for the legitimacy of remote viewing.

In January 2017, the CIA published records online of the Stargate Project as part of the CREST archive.

The term "remote viewing" emerged as shorthand to describe this more structured approach to clairvoyance. The Stargate Project created a set of protocols designed to make the research of clairvoyance and out-of-body experiences more scientific, and to minimize as much as possible session noise and inaccuracy. 

 Project Stargate would only receive a mission after all other intelligence attempts, methods, or approaches had already been exhausted.

Puthoff worked as the principal investigator of the project. His team of psychics is said to have identified spies, located Soviet weapons and technologies, such as a nuclear submarine in 1979 and helped find lost SCUD missiles in the first Gulf War and plutonium in North Korea in 1994.

Edwin C. May joined the Stargate Project in 1975 as a consultant and was working full-time in 1976. The original project was part of the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory managed by May. 

With more funding in 1991 May took the project to the Palo Alto offices at SAIC. This would last until 1995 when the CIA closed the project.

The experiment of the American Society for Psychical Research OOBE-Beacon "RV" was tested in "Phase One", which said that they invented the word "observation" as a release of the law of Rene Warcollier, which was the first of the French century of 20 developed. engineering, listed in Mind to Mind, Classics in Consciousness Series Books by (ISBN 978-1571743114). 

Swann's achievement departs from the usual form of normal testing and exhaustion of candidates, and creates a workable system that integrates information into a system called "Coordinate Remote Viewing" ( CRV).

Pat Price 

The former Burbank, California police officer and former scientist was involved in several space exploration experiments during the Cold War, including the US government-sponsored Project SCANATE and Project Stargate. Price joined the program after meeting fellow scientists (at the time) Harold Puthoff and Ingo Swann near SRI. Working with maps and photographs provided to him by the CIA, Price claims he has been able to retrieve information from facilities behind Soviet lines. He is probably best known for his drawings of cranes and gantries that appear consistent with CIA intelligence photographs. At the time, the CIA took what he was saying very seriously.

Home Research Support Center at Fort Meade, Maryland, Maj. General Stubblebine is convinced that there are different realities of different types of spirits. He wanted all his commanders to learn how to bend spoons à la Uri Geller, and he himself tried many stunts, even trying to walk through walls. In the early 1980s, he was in charge of the United States Army's Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM), which at this time started surveillance operations in the United States Army. 

Some commentators have confused the "Jedi Project", in which special forces are based out of Fort Bragg and the Stargate. After controversy surrounding these experiments, including allegations of security breaches by unauthorized civilians working in the Intelligence Compartment Information Facilities (SCIF), Major General Stubblebine retired. His successor as commander of INSCOM was Major General Harry Soyster, who was known as an optimist and intelligence officer. 

MG Soyster did not want to continue paranormal experiments, and military participation in Project Stargate ended during his tenure. 

David Morehouse 

In his book, Psychic Warrior: Inside the CIA's Stargate Program: A True Story of the Suffering and Writing of a Warrior (2000, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-1902636207), Morehouse claims to have worked on hundreds of projects. Observation, from searching for a Soviet plane that crashed in the forest carrying an atomic bomb, to identifying the two suspected operators.

McMoneagle says he has vivid memories of childhood events. He grew up with alcoholism, abuse and poverty. As a child, he experienced night visions when he was frightened, and began to develop his psychic abilities as a teenager for his own protection during his actions. He signed up to run away. McMoneagle became a remote model while serving in US military intelligence. 

Ed Dames 

Dames was one of the first five martial students trained by Ingo Swann from the 3rd level in the Observing Academy. Instead of a remote observer, Dames received no further training in visual acuity. When he was assigned to the Remote Monitoring Unit in late January 1986, he was used to direct observers (as a monitor) and provide training and practice to observation staff. He quickly gained a reputation for taking CRV to the extreme, with sessions focusing on Atlantis, Mars, UFOs and extraterrestrials. He is a frequent guest on the Coast to Coast AM radio show. 

Designing a CIA "psychic" in the 1980s 

A few weeks after the attacks of September 11, the British government of Tony Blair devised a secret plan. If successful, it will completely change the fight against al-Qaeda. As the public focused on Afghanistan, the Ministry of Defense (MoD) began a series of dramatic experiments to determine whether psychic abilities really existed. 

Can he use clairvoyance to find Osama bin Laden? Britain is not alone in this crazy journey. The CIA has a long tradition of not only experimenting with psychics, but actually using them for military purposes. After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the British government removed a manual on psychic abilities from the website of one of America's top psi spies.

Soon, the Department of Defense began to try to find famous experts on the Internet, believing, according to the documents, that those with "experience" could be "more effective". But when most of them refused (perhaps fearing that their prejudices would be exposed), they started joining the "newbie" group instead. 

In mid-November 2001, the group of young psychics were taken to a private rented house with "minimum environmental distractions", where experiments began.

The technique used by the MoD and the CIA is called "surveillance", defined as "acquiring and interpreting, through logic, information that is withheld from common sense". The interviewers had to guess what it was and reproduce it on a blank sheet of paper. 

Officially, the purpose of these experiments has not been confirmed. But when the details were first reported in 2007, experts had no doubt that it was 9/11 related, especially because of the timeline of the project. "You don't spend that kind of time and effort finding money on the couch," said Nick Pope, who heads the MoD's UFO investigation. "We need to talk about bin Laden and weapons of mass destruction." 

The problem is that the human brain likes to see patterns, even where they exist. It is hard for us to understand that some things are just coincidence. It is this quality that makes the rumor of Satan "behind the back" and fear, or the declaration of God's prophecy in "Biblical code."


Cold War Ghosts 

The MoD test in 2001 appears to be the only serious test of the British military. But America and Russia have been facing each other in the "ESP race".

The role of psychics in the modern military can be traced back to a French report in the 1960s, which said that the US Navy managed to communicate with nuclear submarines telepathically.

 Western intelligence agencies laughed at him, noting that the magazine had fallen into the trap. But the Soviets took it seriously, and enthusiastic researchers used it as ammunition to get Communist money. 

In true Cold War style, Russian scientists were quick to brag about their impressive results and even published an unpublished study from the 1930s claiming to have successfully demonstrated telepathy.

As the American people watch the extraordinary announcements coming out of Moscow, it is their turn to be lied to. After all, if the Soviets were really using psychic power, it would give them a huge military advantage that could destroy the United States. And since it is difficult to deny that it is all real, the scientists who oppose it are ridiculed as "conservatives", while the believers in ghosts are called "the in progress". "The familiar old divide between those who do and those who do not need an accepted perspective before they can grasp a new reality," said a newspaper in 1961. "There's always a new discovery coming out." 

The following year, the CIA sent a representative to the UK to contact top academics in Oxford, Cambridge and London who were interested in studying psychic abilities. Notes from the visit suggest that British "experts" on the subject may be more cautious in their approach than Americans. "The people I interviewed were interested in talking about ESP," the CIA official wrote, "but they didn't want to go into detail." 

The United States did in a different way, however, by bringing a small army of people who declare themselves to the CIA, using the principles of observation. It is not known how many of these people actually believe they have ESP, but the CIA is still interested.

In the early 1980s, he commissioned an angel to Mars. The victim reported from his vision, saying that he had seen "ancient people" wearing different clothes. The CIA has released a detailed account of the incident, which reads like a narcotic. 

In 1987, another seer photographed the US President sitting at his desk. The caption below reads, "Although denied, President Reagan is terminally ill and will not complete his term." Reagan lived another 17 years. 

Psychics and the military

The US military has used mediums in real-life situations long before the British began experimenting after the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

But for the CIA, it's an opportunity to put its psychological analysis to the test. Documents show that the agency conducted hundreds of surveillance sessions in an effort to obtain information about the detainees, their captors and possible escape routes.

When the most famous American officer, Brigadier General James L. Dozier was abducted by the Communist Red Brigades a few years later, and the media started doing something else. 

Remarkably, it seems that everything they said was valid evidence and handed over to investigators. The case of Lebanon 

In 1988, Lieutenant Colonel Rich Higgins of the US Navy was driving along the coastal highway in Lebanon through the ancient city of Tyre. His colleagues lead the way, returning to their offices at the headquarters of the UN peacekeeping mission. But when they reached a sharp point in the road, they forgot to see Higgins' jeep. At that time, three men with guns appeared, stopped the car and subdued it. Higgins was taken away at gunpoint.

In the United States, President Reagan told reporters, "We're still investigating, trying to find out more about this." But how did the investigation go? The day after the kidnapping, an order was sent to the CIA psychic spy team: "MESSAGE: Determine the location of US Marine Corps LTC William Rich Higgins." 

From the beginning, there was no consensus among the remote observers, and the books show how they invented almost any possibility. The interviewer said Higgins was being held "near the ground, a tunnel or a bridge". Another said he was in a "good old house". A third said: "[Higgins] is geometrically in shape." 

Importantly, most of their readings are not very specific to each other, which means that they can be applied to many situations in Lebanon. His location is described as "a mountainous area with stones" and "a kind of farming area, with animals like goats". Scientists say there is an "ancient feeling in the area" with people who are "soft and shy". "They wear scarves of different colors on their heads." 

Obviously, the information is useless. But there's one thing most fans seem to agree on: Rich Higgins will be great. "It won't hurt him," said one. Another added: “He can be released easily. However, he will be released shortly after March 17, 1988.” It seems that everything will be fine.

Even after a video was released showing Higgins in captivity, psychics said he was "angry" and "terrified" but that he had been punished and "is doing well now". "The reality is that Higgins will be brought back unharmed," they said.

Finally, the remote viewers lined up and said what everyone agreed on: Rich Higgins had been killed. Finally, the long and difficult thing is over - but not before the experts have time to find out the secret of his death, and their wonderful paintings.


Rich Higgins' body was not found until late 1991. He was brought back to Washington to be buried with military honors. By then, the CIA's masterminds had already moved on to their next project. Nothing can make them deny their beliefs. In fact, in the same year, the company said that the Russian researcher had "completed his process" of "spiritual transmission". However, in the end, the psychics cried out. 

In 1995, Project Stargate was abandoned after its process and conclusion ended. Discussing the work, scientists in the US attacked psychic spies, saying there was a "strong case" to stop their work. 

Another analysis said: “The overwhelming amount of data generated by the viewers is vague, general, and way off target. The few apparent hits are just what we would expect if nothing other than reasonable guessing and subjective validation are operating.”

Six years passed before Tony Blair’s government picked up the baton after 9/11. After testing a series of wannabe psychics in their secret location, the MoD finally concluded that they had been “almost completely unsuccessful” and the results were “disappointing”

“The remote viewing study was conducted to assess claims made in some academic circles and to validate research carried out by other nations on psychic ability,” a government spokesperson said, when details of the experiments were later revealed. “The study concluded that remote viewing theories had little value to the MoD and was taken no further.”

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Paul Smith’s psychic school is located in an industrial park on the outskirts of Cedar City. It could be an accountant's office except for a decal of a pyramid and an all-seeing eye on the door.

It’s called Remote Viewing Instructional Services, and inside half a dozen students hailing from Colorado to Canada are practicing before their first session.

Remote viewing is a form of extrasensory perception, or ESP, where practitioners learn to describe an object, which might be on the other side of the world, without using any of their five senses.

The entrance to Remote Viewing Instructional Services where students learn the psychic method of remote viewing is seen in Cedar City, Utah.

In Smith’s version, a “manager” gives a “viewer” an arbitrary number. It represents a target that could be anything from the Eiffel Tower to a terrorist’s location. But the student doesn’t know what that is.

The viewer listens to the number and then something happens. Even Smith said he doesn’t know what exactly. But the students quickly sketch the target, and before them on paper appears whatever impression they received.

“While I was in what has become known as the Stargate program I was an operational remote viewer, which meant that I actually did applied remote viewing projects to try and gain intelligence information from potential foreign threats,” said Smith. Those threats included the Soviet Union, Chinese businesses and narco traffickers.

Smith grew up in a small town in Nevada. He joined the Army as an Arabic linguist and was in intelligence at Fort Meade, Maryland, when he was recruited into Stargate. The program lasted from 1978 to 1995 and cost as much as $20 million according to declassified documents and former operators.

Although Stargate was abandoned by the military, a cottage industry has grown around remote viewing. Some two-dozen schools offer lessons and services to civilians. Smith’s week-long program costs $3,000. He said it’s the Cadillac option because of his CIA training.

Working by Police and Psychics

These mediums include clairvoyants, prophets, telepaths, palmists, numerologists, graphologists and metaphysicians. Psychologists and researchers base their work on intuition to some extent. Dorothy Allison of Nutley, NJ has assisted the police in more than 4,000 investigations and has received numerous letters from law enforcement agencies explaining how she has helped them. 

To provide information in crime investigations, many psychics like to have stories or photos of the victim or visit the victim's home or crime scene. Allison only asks for the person's date and place of birth and the date and place they were last seen. 

Professional Psychics United (PPU), a network of more than 380 psychics, has a volunteer psychic rescue team. 

PPU ghosts are usually only involved when contacted by the police. Paul Kurtz, head of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Paranormal Claims, dismisses paranormalists completely, saying that most of their findings are really speculation. 

A 1993 article in the organization's journal found that 31 of the 50 major police departments surveyed did not take action. The FBI does not employ psychics or plans to use them, although it says they, like other citizens, can provide information for investigation by law enforcement officials. Angels and their detractors differ in their values, but they will continue to be involved in criminal investigations.

In the 1970s, a brilliant former Israeli soldier promoted extrasensory perception, or ESP. Uri Geller claims that he can use his mind to bend spoons, see into sealed bags, and even read other people's minds.

It's great TV. But outside, Geller has also attracted members of the intellectual community.

"That's where it gets really interesting, because scientists are like, 'Wait a minute, maybe we can read the minds of other government officials; maybe we can to see inside a nuclear facility in Russia," said National Security Correspondent Annie Jacobsen. . 

   Little brown 

It seems unbelievable, but it is true. Writing in the now declassified documents, Jacobsen chronicled nearly a decade of US government efforts to use Uri Geller, and others like him, for espionage. But there has been a long history, Jacobsen said, that the Kremlin is also experimenting with ways to use ESP to handcuff people.

"There is an undisclosed article that talks about the real threat of the Pentagon quoting Uri Geller as saying that if he can bend metal with his mind, he can use his mind to jam the most powerful electronic devices of nuclear weapons.




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