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Analysis of American Studying in Vehicle Engineering

The American automobile manufacturing center is Detroit. Detroit is located on the banks of the Detroit River in southeastern Michigan, across the river from Windsor, Ontario, Canada. It is the world's largest automotive industry center and is known as the Auto Capital of the World. The headquarters of General Motors, Ford Motor Company and Chrysler Automobiles are all located here. The production of steel, instruments, plastics, glass, tires, engines and other parts related to the automobile manufacturing industry is also quite developed.


Table of Content


1. Introduction to American Vehicle Engineering


2. Employment prospects for U.S. vehicle engineering


3. U.S. vehicle engineering professional application requirements and suggestions


4. Analysis of key universities in the United States for vehicle engineering



Introduction to American Vehicle Engineering

Automotive Engineering (Automotive Engineering), which should be accurately called automotive engineering, is an engineering discipline whose research objects are cars, motorcycles, trucks, and trains. 

The content of this major includes the design, manufacturing and research and development of machinery, electronics, electrical, software and safety engineering with vehicles as the core. Traditionally, vehicle engineering is generally divided into three sub-fields: body, chassis and engine.

 The body mainly includes compartment design, safety considerations, tires, air conditioning system and electronic system design and distribution; the chassis mainly designs the power transmission and mechanical and electronic control systems of the car; the engine mainly studies the power and engine of the car.


In China, vehicle engineering and automotive engineering are generally not distinguished, and may be more commonly used. But in a strict sense, automotive engineering is only a sub-discipline of vehicle engineering: the English of vehicle engineering should be "Vehicle Engineering", which includes automotive engineering (Automotive Engineering), aerospace engineering (Aerospace Engineering), and marine engineering (Marine Engineering). Engineering, specifically refers to the broad engineering disciplines of shipbuilding.


Automotive engineering in the United States

Automotive engineering in the United States is not very common in American universities, and the scientific research level is relatively superior in the Great Lakes and some schools in California. 

Generally, there is no department of vehicle engineering in the United States, most of which are attached to the department of machinery, transportation engineering or power machinery.


Employment prospects of U.S. vehicle engineering

The automotive engineering major of American universities mainly trains students to have a solid grasp of the basic knowledge of vehicle engineering and senior engineering and technical personnel who are engaged in vehicle research, design, manufacturing, testing, experiment, development, and application research after graduation. 

The automotive engineering majors of American universities mainly offer courses in mechanics, mechanical design, fluid mechanics, mechatronics engineering, etc.

Some American universities also have related laboratories to help students master practical knowledge. Graduates can work in major U.S. auto companies such as Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors, and can also work in auto sales companies, and they can also work in car repairs.

Image of American Vehicle Engineering students
Children preparing for vehicle engineering since shildhood


The employment range is wide and the salary is relatively high. Especially in the American automobile city Detroit and the Great Lakes region, the automobile manufacturing industry is developed, and there is an urgent need for high-level automotive engineering professionals.


Employment field for Vehicle Engineering

Generally speaking, the employment direction of vehicle engineering graduates is quite wide, and the employment prospects are still considerable. 

They can be engaged in automobile body design, automobile engineer, automobile general layout design, automobile chassis design, automobile electrical design, etc., and they can also go to various Kind of automobile OEM or design company.


U.S. vehicle engineering professional application requirements and suggestions

Hardware scores: Generally, the top 50 schools in the United States recommend to achieve as much as possible: GPA: 3.5+, T: 100+, GRE: 320+3.


With excellent hardware, software is equally important: Rich extracurricular activities and experiences reflect your comprehensive literacy ability.


Good scientific research ability: The situation is like through my own scientific research and internship experience, I actively communicated with professors in my sophomore and third years, and participated in experimental projects. If I can publish papers, I will be more competitive.


Analysis of Key Universities in the U.S. Vehicle Engineering

1. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor) is a well-known public university in Michigan, USA. 

Founded in 1817, it is one of the oldest universities in the United States and enjoys a high reputation worldwide. Its alumni include 1 US President, 22 Nobel Prize winners, 8 NASA astronauts, 18 Pulitzer Prize winners, etc.


The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, is one of the nation’s leading automotive engineering majors. 

The school not only has an automotive research institute for the development of power control systems for military and commercial vehicles, but also an automotive laboratory, the Automotive Lab, whose research interests include internal combustion engine combustion, emission control, fuel efficiency, and vehicle mixing.

 Power and electronic product design, vehicle aerodynamics and other fields. The University of Michigan at Ann Arbor has an Automotive Research Institute (ARC) that has project cooperation with the University of Iowa, Wayne State University, University of Wisconsin, Clemson University, University of Tennessee and other schools. 

The American vehicle engineering major lies in development Power control systems for military and commercial vehicles. But in contrast, another Automotive Lab (Automotive Lab) is more suitable for Chinese students to apply for American vehicle engineering.

 It has 12 engine laboratories, covering a wide range of fields, including internal combustion engine combustion, emission control, fuel efficiency, Automotive hybrid and electronic product design, aerodynamics of vehicle engineering, etc.

 The American Vehicle Engineering major of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor has an important influence on the American automobile industry. If you can study there, you will develop well after returning to your country.


2. University of Detroit

The University of Detroit Mercy (University of Detroit Mercy) was founded in 1877 and is located in Detroit, a major industrial and commercial city. It is a well-known university in Michigan and one of the earliest American universities accredited by the Chinese Ministry of Education.


The University of Detroit has very close ties with the industry. Ford, General Motors, Chrysler and other three major automobile companies have established their latest model research rooms and experimental plants in the university, and these companies provide a large amount of sponsorship to the school every year.

 In addition, there are several relatively high-ranking schools with automotive engineering majors, including the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Wisconsin-Madison near the Great Lakes, and UIUC (University of Illinois), a well-known university in the Midwest.



3. University of California, Berkeley

The University of California-Berkeley (University of California-Berkeley) is the top public research university in the United States and the most prestigious and top public university in the world. 

The University of California, Berkeley is the oldest university of California and one of the founding members of the Association of American Universities.


The University of California at Berkeley has two automotive engine laboratories with a long history. Their American vehicle engineering major has two directions: one is related to combustion analysis, focusing on homogeneous compression ignition, diesel fuel research and air quality, combustion field parameters laser diagnosis technology.

The other is related to automobile power and control, comparison. The prominent project is driverless cars. Berkeley does not emphasize the hardware and degree background of American vehicle engineering applicants. The most important thing the school values ​​is the applicant's research experience, followed by students with a master's degree.





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United States Industrial Engineering Professional Application Guide

Industrial engineering is a comprehensive cross-discipline integrating engineering and management. It adopts systematic, professional and scientific methods, and comprehensively uses knowledge of multiple disciplines. United States Industrial Engineering Professional Application, with the purpose of reducing costs and improving quality and productivity we need to use knowledge.




The U.S. Industrial Engineering Professional Application


1. Introduction to the American Industrial Engineering Master


2. Employment prospects for a master's degree in industrial engineering in the United States


3. U.S. Industrial Engineering Master Application Requirements and Suggestions


5. Analysis of key U.S. industrial engineering master universities


Introduction to American Industrial Engineering Master

Industrial Engineering (IE for short) is an edge discipline that combines technology and management involving the integrated planning, design, improvement, control, and innovation of people, materials, equipment, information, energy and other elements. 

It uses mathematics, physics and other natural sciences and social sciences, especially the theories and methods of engineering technology, to provide powerful technical support for realizing the low-cost, high-efficiency and high-efficiency management goals of manufacturing, management and service systems.

 Industrial engineering has become an important factor in the success of production development and economic growth in developed countries.


Professional direction

According to the difference in learning and research content, the industrial engineering major is subdivided into different professional directions. Some schools will set up separate master's programs for different professional directions. For example, many schools have separate MS Operation programs. 

Therefore, we suggest that applicants should have a clear professional direction when applying for a master's degree, especially a doctoral degree (a doctoral application must have a clear research direction).


Specifically, the industrial engineering majors of American universities mainly have the following common professional directions:


(1.) Operation Research

This is what we are talking about here. This is actually a theoretical basis for the entire IE. Basically every school has research in this area, but there are some specialized ORs under the Department of Mathematics. 

Deterministic Operation Research and Stochastic Operation Research are core courses that must be taken in any IE department. Of course, this is also a difficult statistics for most people. These are research branches formed by the application of statistics in other fields.


Among them, the development of biostatistics is very fast, and now many schools have set up independent biostatistics departments.



(2) Human Factor

This is called human factors engineering or ergonomics. Including: ergonomics, work efficiency research, occupational safety, human factors and ergonomics, human work efficiency evaluation and modeling, construction design, biodynamics, human factors integration system analysis, management and human systems, non-destructive testing and evaluation, Industrial Evaluation, Engineering Statistics. 

At present, there are relatively few schools in China that do research in this area, and the level of performance is also very different from that of foreign countries. 

This major is still highly valued in the United States, and almost most schools have researchers in this area. And many have special experimental equipment to support research in this area. It is said that this direction is easier to find a job.


(3) Production and Manufacturing Engineering

The things included are very extensive. Many professionals can find relevant parts in it. For example, automation, machinery, electronics, materials, etc. Typical directions include Quality Engineering, Facility Design, Robotics, CAD/CIM and so on.


(4) Logistics and Supply Chain

Logistics supply chain management, this major is offered under both industrial engineering and business schools. The business school focuses more on management, while the engineering school focuses on research. 

Now it can be said that supply chain and logistics are a research focus. 

In the United States, most of the research in this area requires modeling. So, in fact, research in this area still needs the support of Operation Research.


The above directions are sorted by application popularity from high to low, in order: Operation Research, Logistics and Supply Chain, Human Factor, Production and Manufacturing Engineering


Faculty and degree setting

Among the top 100 universities in the United States, more than 60% of the universities offer industrial engineering majors. Most of these majors are opened under the College of Engineering. 

Most schools do not have an independent Department of Industrial Engineering, but are opened in the same department with other majors. Generally speaking, it is mainly opened under the following three departments: Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering (IME, Industrial and Mechanical Manufacturing Engineering), Industrial and Systems Engineering (ISE, Industrial and Systems Engineering), Industrial Engineering & Operations Research (IEOR, Industrial Engineering) And Operations Research).



Degree setting:

Ph.D: Ph.D. The length of schooling is 5 years, mainly to do academic research with professors. After graduation, you can teach in colleges and universities, and you can also enter the R&D department of a company, mainly training high-end academic research talents.


MS: Master of Science: Master of Science degree with a two-year academic system. It is mainly taught and more focused on academics. After graduation, you can choose to work or continue to study for Ph.D.


ME: Master of Eng: Master's degree in engineering, the school system is one year or one and a half years, mainly for employment, more emphasis on practice, and enter the enterprise employment after graduation.




Common course settings:

Operations research, logistics supply chain management, human factors engineering, ergonomics, manufacturing engineering, engineering management, quality management, engineering economics, financial engineering, probability theory and mathematical statistics, material processing and control, computer simulation technology, information systems, System engineering, business management, management science, materials engineering, industrial technology.


Employment prospects for a master's degree in industrial engineering in the United States

The United States is the birthplace of industrial engineering, and industrial engineering has always had an important impact on the national economy of the United States.

Therefore, in the United States, all companies have industrial engineering departments. IE engineers have become the second largest engineering profession in developed countries such as Europe and the United States, and are called "MBAs in the industry."

 It is precisely because of the good employment prospects of IE engineers that more and more people are applying for this major.


IE graduates can obtain broad employment opportunities in the fields of engineering, management, scientific research and consulting, and can engage in teaching, scientific research, management and design and development in the manufacturing industry, service industry, public utilities, scientific research institutes, etc.


According to relevant data, about 42% of corporate CEOs in the United States have studied in this major, which is in great demand in the market. More than 70% of students enter the industry after graduation and become corporate managers, department heads, industrial engineers or industrial engineers. Mechanical Engineers.

 In addition, Japan, the Four Little Dragons, Thailand and other places all regard IE as the main tool to promote economic development.

 At the same time, relatively IE technology has also grown rapidly in this environment. The working conditions of students in this major are relatively good, and they are generally at the upper-middle level in all regions. 

The starting salary for graduates is relatively high. Master students can reach more than 60,000 and PhD students can reach 80,000.


Employment field

Aerospace & Airplanes Aerospace Industry, Aluminum & Steel Aluminum and Steel Industry, Banking Banking Industry Ceramics Ceramics Industry, Construction Construction Industry, Consulting Consulting, Electronics Assembly Electronic Assembly, Energy Energy, Entertainment Entertainment, Forestry & Logging Forestry and Logging Industry, Insurance Insurance, Materials Testing, Material Testing, Medical Services, Military, Mining, Oil & Gas, Plastics & Forming, Retail Retail, Shipbuilding, Transportation



U.S. Industrial Engineering Master Application Requirements and Suggestions

Engineering management is an interdisciplinary subject, that is, the combination of engineering and management. Because engineering management in most schools is set in the College of Engineering, this course is still more engineering-oriented. Therefore, this major is more favored by students with a background in science and engineering. 

In addition, because the course involves management, applicants with engineering backgrounds need to have a good background in mathematics, physics or computer, because the school still appreciates students with logical reasoning skills.


Hardware requirements

Language test: Some schools do not accept IELTS scores, so it is recommended to prepare for TOEFL. 

IE majors do not have high requirements for TOEFL, generally reaching the 80-85 range can meet the general requirements, but for applicants who are targeting prestigious schools, it is best to take the test above 100.


GRE test for US Industrial Engineering

At least 300. If the previous 100 colleges and universities were the target, it would need to reach 310 or even 320. 

IE majors do not need to provide GRE Sub test scores. Applicants who intend to apply for the OR direction (operations research) can consider taking the Mathematics Sub.

Image for US Industrial Engineering Professional Application
US Industrial Engineering Professional Application Study


Acdemic background

Since modern industrial engineering is based on large-scale industrial production and social economic systems, it is gradually formed and developed on the basis of manufacturing engineering, management science, and systems engineering. 

It is a highly comprehensive interdisciplinary subject. Therefore, in terms of application, it is best to have a certain engineering or science background.

 It should be noted that the industrial engineering major has a strong dependence on mathematics, and most of the research directions are closely related to mathematics, involving many mathematical methods. 

Therefore, applicants are recommended to have a good mathematical background.


Analysis of Key Universities for Master of Industrial Engineering in the United States

1. Stanford University

Stanford University (Stanford University), located in Stanford, California, is a world-leading private research university. 

The school has cultivated many high-tech product leaders and entrepreneurial talents, including HP, Google, Yahoo, Nike, Logitech, Tesla Motors, Firefox, Electronic Arts, Sun Microsystems, NVIDIA, Cisco, Founder of companies such as Silicon Valley Graphics and eBay. 

Alumni include 30 rich entrepreneurs and 17 astronauts. It is also one of the institutions that trains the most members of the US Congress. 

Stanford alumni have founded many well-known companies and institutions with a total of 58 Bell Prize winners are currently studying or working in the school.


Curriculum of this project

 linear programming; network flow; activity network theory; quality design and control; physiology and biomechanics in job design; introduction to simulation; industrial practice system design; occupational biomechanics; skeletal muscle mechanics; solid mechanics; job analysis And design; equipment design; production planning and control; project management; quality management and control; production and business analysis; career orientation: management; business information systems; organizational behavior and leadership skills; business planning; production control; human-computer interaction; Facility Planning and Management; Introduction to Engineering; General Chemistry; Theoretical Chemistry; Quality Management and Control; Project Management; Information Systems; Manufacturing Systems; Manufacturing Processes


 Engineering and Management

 Quality and Productivity

 Quality Management and Control

 Quality Assurance and Inspection

Quality design and control

Experimental skills

Principles of molecular and cell biology

Statistics; national safety technology

Introduction to fire protection

Industrial technology education

Construction safety management

Electrical and electronic technology

Quality management and control

Information system management; manufacturing process.


2. Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Institute of Technology) is the top polytechnic in the United States. The representative discipline of Georgia Institute of Technology is engineering. 

The school is one of the best polytechnics in the United States, and its scientific research capabilities cannot be underestimated: Georgia Tech’s Aerospace System Design Laboratory (ASDL) is abbreviated as ASDL. 

Some of the government's secret major scientific research projects, such as helping aviation manufacturing companies overcome technical problems in designing advanced commercial aircraft, formulating detailed budgets for landing on the moon and Mars for the US Congress, and developing the most advanced fighter jets for the US Air Force.


The course includes graduate courses in operations research, statistics, and applied industrial engineering. The main key projects are modeling, analysis and solving problems in traditional manufacturing, warehousing and supply chain systems. 

Students in this course are actively engaged in research under the guidance of teachers and are ready to teach the latest developments in industrial engineering. 

Students interested in subsequent doctoral research should find that this course provides an excellent introduction to graduate study and prepares for in-depth research. 

The project requires 30 credits to be completed, including core courses in manufacturing, warehousing, and supply chain systems, as well as methodological courses such as simulation, optimization and probability modeling.


3. Columbia University

Columbia University in the City of New York (Columbia University in the City of New York) is a world-renowned research university located in the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, and one of the five longest-running universities in the United States. 

According to the official statistics of Columbia University, a total of 82 alumni and faculty members of Columbia University have won the Nobel Prize. 

Three American presidents, including President Obama, came from the school. Famous alumni also include five founding fathers of the United States, nine justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, more than twenty living billionaires, twenty-nine Oscar winners, twenty-nine governors, and thirty-four heads of state. Forty-five Olympic champions, etc.


The Industrial Engineering major of Columbia University is located under the Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research), and graduate students enroll MS, PhD, and D.Eng students. Required courses for this project: Operation Management, Optimization Models and Methods, Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Stochastic Models, Professional Development and Leadership.




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Top Eleven Most Popular Online Shopping Sites Globally

These days major of the commerce is now e-commerce or electronic commerce and is increasing with leaps and bounds. Many players came into this online selling market and left away with losses or problems like disputes among partners, funds crunch, mis-management, etc. Few of the best remained and are thriving in the e-commerce site portal market.

Following is the list of the most prominent e-commerce sales online products booking for delivery web portals in the world:

1. Amazon

Amazon is an American multinational e-commerce company. Amazon is headquartered in Seattle, Washington. It is the largest online retailer in the world.

E-tailer Amazon's Logo
Logo of Online Retailer Amazon

At first, Amazon was just an online bookstore, but soon began to diversify its business coverage sales of:

  • DVDs
  • CDs
  • Videos, MP3 downloads/streaming media
  • Software
  • TV games
  • Electronic products
  • Clothing
  • Furniture
  • Food
  • Toys
  • Jewelry

and many more. 

2. NetFlix

NetFlix is ​​an American streaming media on-demand online provider. NetFlix provides DVD mailing services to North and South America, the Caribbean, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland. 

Image for Netflix logo

NetFlix was founded in 1997, and NetFlix is ​​headquartered in Los Angeles, California.


3. eBay

EBay is a world-renowned online shopping and retail platform. Eachnet's main business spans C2C (person-to-person).

EBay is headquartered in San Jose, California. EBay was established in 1995.

At first, it almost became an Internet bubble. After that, eBay emerged as a successful Internet case.

Image of ebay logo

Now, eBay is a diversified company with localized websites in more than 30 countries around the world.


4. Walmart

Walmart Department Store Co., Ltd. (Walmart) is an American multinational retail company operating chain discount stores and warehouse stores, headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas.

Image of Walmart Logo

The company was founded by Sam Walton in 1962 and was incorporated on October 31, 1969.



IKEA is a multinational group that designs and sells self-assembled furniture (such as beds, chairs and tables), home appliances and home accessories.

IKEA logo image

 As of January 2008, it is the largest furniture retailer in the world. The group has a complex corporate structure and it is controlled by several foundations headquartered in the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Liechtenstein.


6. Target Corporation

Target Corporation (Target Corporation) is an American retail company founded in 1902 and headquartered in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

 It is the second largest discount retailer in the United States, after Wal-Mart.

Logo of Target Corporation

 In 2013, the company ranked 36th in the Fortune 500 list, and it is a constituent stock of the Standard & Poor's 500 Index.


7. Best Buy

Best Buy is an American multinational consumer electronics company headquartered in Richfield, Minnesota. 

Its business covers the United States, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Canada and China. 

The company was founded in 1966 by Richard Schultz and Gary Smoliak as an audio specialty store.

Logo of Best Buy

In 1983, it was renamed to its current name and focused on consumer electronics.


8. Newegg

Newegg is an online computer hardware and software retailer. Newegg is headquartered in City of Industry, California. was founded in 2001 by Taiwanese immigrant Fred Chang. sells computer hardware, software, peripherals, games, electronic products, accessories, DVD discs, household utensils, appliances, tools, furniture and office supplies.

Logo image of Newegg

 Newegg was rated as one of the top 10 Internet retailers in 2005.


9. Sears

Sears is a famous chain department store in the United States. 

The company was founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1886 by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck.

Image of Sears Logo

Previously, the company was headquartered in the Sears Tower in Chicago, and is currently headquartered in Hoffman Estates, Illinois.


10. Macy's

Macy's is an American mid-range department store chain, which is owned by the American multinational company Macy's.

 It is one of the two major divisions of Macy's, and the other is the high-end department store chain Bloomingdale.

Image of Macys Logo

 As of January 2014, it has 850 department stores in the continental United States, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and Guam, as well as a flagship store in the famous Herald Plaza in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.



This is a novel concept of ecommerce and perhaps the most briliant one. This has more customization and best of the shopping experience. 
Not only purchases are easy but also quality is maintained as the mode of operation is such so that the things can be traced through the source and people get nothing but the most genuine products in the industry.
Logo of Online Gift Shop

This ecommerce gift delivery portal even brings those things in the market which was not there due to commercial viability not achieved. 
This is making really required things commercially viable and bringing them in the consumer market which is otherwise only dominated by profiteering, no matter public gains or looses.
It is a combination of tech expertise and ease as if you are making purchase form a next door very familiar shop. 
If you explore the site thoroughly you will see a variety of products like consumer goods like garments, bakery goods like bachelorette cakes, wedding cakes, birthday cakes, soft material filled teddy bears as gifts, and so on.


The e-commerce or online gift products selling business, or for that matter nay business at all is dependent upon economic activities. Economic activities and interests are above all other activities and interests so those who organize it determine their own interest though in the guise of their consumers' interest. Therefore, it is the duty of the consumer to be aware and determine their own interest by being woke.

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