United Nations Human Rights Commission UN-HRC

UN Human Rights Commission

The U.N. Commission on Human Rights, one of the nine functional commissions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, was established in February 1946. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations to consider human rights issues and its headquarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland.

 

The responsibilities of the UN Human Rights Commission include: conducting special studies, making recommendations and drafting international human rights instruments in the field of human rights in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and submitting them to the UN General Assembly.

Conducting open or secret deliberations on human rights issues in relevant countries, including Investigate allegations of human rights violations, handle communications on human rights violations, express opinions and adopt resolutions on the human rights situation in the countries concerned.

For a long time, the committee has prioritized large-scale human rights violations caused by apartheid, racism, colonialism, foreign rule, aggression and occupation.



Members of the UN Human Rights Commission

The member states of the UN Human Rights Commission are elected by the Economic and Social Council according to the principle of regional distribution. When the committee was first established, there were only 18 member states, which expanded to 43 in 1979. Since the 48th session in 1992, the number of members has increased to 53 (including 12 in Asia, 15 in Africa, 11 in Latin America and the Caribbean, 5 in Eastern Europe, and 10 in Western Europe and other countries). The term of office is three years. Members are reelected one-third each year.

 

Since resuming its legal seat in the United Nations in 1971, China has begun to participate in discussions on human rights issues in the UN General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, and has been attending human rights committee meetings as observers for three consecutive years since 1979. In 1981, China was elected as a member of the Human Rights Commission at the first regular session of the UN Economic and Social Council and was re-elected.

 

In August 2004, the 56th Session of the Subcommittee on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights closed in Geneva. The meeting decided to set up a counter-terrorism operation working group to promote the protection of human rights in counter-terrorism operations.


United Nations Conference on Human Rights

The United Nations Conference on Human Rights is a plenary meeting convened by the United Nations Human Rights Commission and is held in Geneva every March and April. The Human Rights Conference mainly considers economic, social and cultural rights, civil and political rights, women ’s rights, racism, national human rights and other issues.


During the meeting, in addition to 53 member states, other member states of the United Nations, non-member states, specialized agencies, regional organizations, non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council, and national liberation movement organizations recognized by the United Nations, etc. All can send delegations to attend the meeting as observers.

 

On April 15, 2004, China once again thwarted the United States' attempt to review China's human rights record at the 60th UN Human Rights Conference in Geneva. Members of the UN Human Rights Commission (Human Rights Council) voted to pass China's motion against the US "No action" motion.

This is China's 11th attempt to defeat the United States and other Western countries in interfering in China's internal affairs through human rights issues at the UN Human Rights Commission meeting.


Human Rights Council Resolution

On March 15, 2006, the 60th UN General Assembly passed an overwhelming majority resolution and decided to establish a Human Rights Council to replace the Human Rights Commission. According to this resolution, the Human Rights Commission will be disbanded on June 16, 2006, and the Human Rights Council will hold its first meeting on June 19.

On March 22, the UN Economic and Social Council passed a resolution by consensus and decided to abolish the Human Rights Commission headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland on June 19, officially proclaiming the end of the Human Rights Commission that has existed for more than 60 years.


UN Human Rights Commission one of the eight Functional Commissions

Its member countries are elected by the Economic and Social Council according to the principle of regional distribution.

When the Human Rights Commission was first established, there were only 18 member states, which expanded to 43 countries in 1979.

Since the 48th session in 1992, the number of member states has increased to 53 (12 countries in Asia, 15 countries in Africa, 11 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, 5 countries in Eastern Europe and 10 countries in Western Europe and other regions) for a three-year term.

 

The responsibilities of the Human Rights Commission

Conducting special studies, making recommendations and drafting international human rights instruments in the field of human rights in accordance with the relevant purposes and principles of the UN Charter and submitting them to the UN General Assembly for approval.

Also, conducting open or secret considerations of human rights issues in any country in the world. This includes investigating allegations of human rights violations, handling communications concerning human rights violations, expressing opinions and adopting resolutions on the human rights situation in the countries concerned.

United Nations Universal Human Rights Declaration

For a long time, the committee has prioritized the issues of large-scale human rights violations caused by apartheid, racism, colonialism, foreign rule, aggression and occupation, such as the issue of southern Africa and the violation of the Palestinian national self-determination .

 

The Human Rights Commission holds a six-week plenary meeting in Geneva each spring. In addition to the 53 member states, other member states of the United Nations, non-member states, specialized agencies, regional organizations and national liberation movements recognized by the United Nations and non-governmental organizations in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council may send delegations as observers Attend.

 

The UN Economic and Social Council held a meeting on the 3rd to re-elect the member states of the various agencies of the Council. The United States lost in the re-election of the UN Human Rights Commission.

 


United Nations Human Rights Commission Establishment

The United Nations Human Rights Commission was established in February 1946 and is one of the main bodies of the UN system to consider human rights issues. The

The members of the committee are elected by the Economic and Social Council according to the principle of regional distribution and the term of office is 3 years. Every year, one-third of the member states are elected.

 

The UN Human Rights Commission currently has 53 member states, including 12 in Asia, 15 in Africa, 11 in Latin America and the Caribbean, 5 in Eastern Europe, and 10 in Western Europe and other regions. At the time of its initial construction, the committee had only 18 member states, and it expanded to 43 in 1979. Since the 48th session in 1992, its membership has increased to 53.

 

Since the restoration of its legal seat in the United Nations in 1971, China began to participate in discussions on human rights issues in the United Nations General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council, and has participated as an observer in the Human Rights Commission meetings for three consecutive years since 1979. In 1981, China was elected as a member of the Human Rights Commission at the first regular session of the Economic and Social Council and has been re-elected to this day.

 

The responsibilities of the UN Human Rights Commission

The Responsibilities are conducting special studies, making recommendations and drafting international human rights instruments in the field of human rights in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and submitting them to the UN General Assembly.

Conducting open or secret deliberations on human rights issues in relevant countries, including Investigate allegations of human rights violations, handle communications on human rights violations, express opinions and adopt resolutions on the human rights situation in the countries concerned.

 

The United Nations Conference on Human Rights is a plenary meeting convened by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights and is held in Geneva every March and April. On April 18 this year, the UN Human Rights Commission held its 57th session in Geneva.


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