UN-ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council

United Nations Economic and Social Council

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (Abbreviation: ECOSOC), referred to as the "Economic and Social Council", is to coordinate 14 United Nations specialized agencies, 10 functional commissions and 5 regional committees of economic, social and economic. The main agency for related work is one of the six main agencies of the United Nations as stipulated in the Charter of the United Nations.

The mission of the Economic and Social Council is to assist the United Nations General Assembly to promote international economic and social cooperation and development. The Economic and Social Council has a total of 54 members, of which 18 are elected by the UN General Assembly each year for a three-year term.


Main function of UN-ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council

The main functions of the Council are: to coordinate the economic and social work of the United Nations and various specialized agencies; to study relevant international economic, social, development, cultural, educational, health, and related issues.

To convene international conferences on matters within its competence, and draft the draft convention to submit to the UN General Assembly for review; other UN General Assembly recommended to perform the functions.


What is the Organization Structure of of UN-ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council?

The 54 members are elected by the UN General Assembly for a three-year term. Their seats are distributed according to regions, and one-third of the members are re-elected by the General Assembly each year.

Permanent members of the Security Council can usually be elected as members of the Economic and Social Council. The substantive meeting of the Council is held in July every year for 4 weeks, alternating between New York and Geneva. The Economic and Social Council has 9 functional committees, 5 regional agencies and 5 standing committees to handle related work.

UN-ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council

In addition, the Economic and Social Council has established working relations with 14 specialized UN agencies in economic, social and cultural fields, and established consultative relations with 4, 500 non-governmental organizations, the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the International Red Cross.


Economic and Social Council Members

Members of ECOSOC: The Council is composed of 54 member governments and is elected by the UN General Assembly for a term of three years. The seats of the Council are allocated according to the geographical representation system.

There are 14 African countries, 11 Asian countries, 6 Eastern European countries, 10 Latin American and Caribbean countries, and 13 Western European and other countries.

The list of all member states of the Economic and Social Council in 2013 and their terms of office (54 member states with a term of three years):


Membership in 2013 until December 31

Albania 2015

Ethiopia 2014

Ireland 2014

Austria 2014

Pakistan 2013

Brazil 2014

Belarus 2014

Bulgaria 2013

Benin 2015

Bolivia 2015

Burkina Faso 2014

Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Kingdom 2013

Republic of Korea 2013

Denmark 2013

Dominican Republic 2014

Russian Federation 2013

Ecuador 2013

France 2014

Colombia 2015

Cuba 2014

Haiti 2015

Netherlands Netherlands 2015

Kyrgyzstan 2015

Canada 2015

Gabon 2013

Cameroon 2013

Qatar 2013

Kuwait 2015

Croatia 2015

Latvia 2013

Lesotho 2014

Libya 2014

Malawi 2013

Mauritius 2015

United States of America 2015

Mexico 2013

South Africa 2015

Nepal 2015


In 2013, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Sweden 2014 Japan 2014 2013 2014 Salvador San Marino, Senegal 2013 2015 2015 Sudan Tunisia 2015 Turkey Turkmenistan 2014 2015 2014 Spain, India, New Zealand 2013 2014 2014 China 2013 Indonesia


ECOSOC Bureau

The Bureau of the Economic and Social Council is elected by the whole council at the beginning of each annual meeting. The main functions of the Bureau are to propose a agenda, draft work plans and organize meetings with the assistance of the United Nations Secretariat.

 

2013 Bureau members:

  • ECOSOC President: His Excellency Ambassador Néstor Osorio (Colombia)
  • Vice President of ECOSOC: Daffa-Alla Elhag Ali Osman Ambassador (Sudan)
  • Vice-Chairman of the Economic and Social Council: Ambassador Masood Khan (Pakistan)
  • Vice-Chairman of the Economic and Social Council: Ambassador Ferit Hoxha (Albania) Economic and Social Council
  • Vice-Chairman: His Excellency Ambassador Martin Sajdik (Austria)
  • Chairman: Ambassador Nestor Osorio was elected as the 69th President of the Economic and Social Council on January 28, 2013.

Ambassador Nestor Osorio was elected as the 69th President of the Economic and Social Council on January 28, 2013.

2013: Nestor Osorio (Colombia)

2012: Mr. Milos Koterec (Slovak Republic)

2011: Mr. Lazaros Capambwe (Zambia)

2010: Kazakhstan Mr. Milton Ali (Malaysia)

2009: Ms. Sylvie Luca (Luxembourg)

2008: Mr. Leo Merore (Haiti)

2007: Mr. Dalius Ceculios (Lithuania)

2006: Mr. Ali Hachani (Tunisia)

2005: Mr. Munir Akram (Pakistan)

2004: Ms. Maryatta Rasi (Finland)

2003: Gert Rosenthal Mr. (Guatemala)

2002: Mr. Ivan Simonovic (Croatia)

 

Institutional reform

For a long period of time, the Economic and Social Council is only a discussion mechanism, and it has almost no right to take action. Many member states believe that its role is insignificant.

Since 1992, some countries have begun to strengthen the responsibilities and rights of the Economic and Social Council in economic, social and related matters, especially development.


The result of these reforms is that the Economic and Social Council now has the responsibility for overseeing and setting policies for United Nations development projects and for agencies such as the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund and the United Nations Children’s Fund.

In addition, it has the role of coordinating the actions of various agencies in cross-cutting areas, such as anesthetic control, human rights, overcoming hunger and overcoming AIDS.


One result of this reform is that the UN development agencies act more consistently in overcoming natural and man-made disasters.

An example of the decision of the Economic and Social Council is the 1994 decision to establish a United Nations project to overcome AIDS. This project unites relevant existing resources and experience of the United Nations such as the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the World Bank to strengthen and unify institutions and the fight against AIDS among member states. This project has been running since January 1996.

 

Subsidiary Body of ECOSOC

  • Committee

Statistical Committee

Population and Development Commission

Social Development Committee

Committee on the Status of Women

Narcotics Committee

Committee on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

Science and Technology Commission for Development

Sustainability Committee

United Nations Forum on Forests Secretariat


  •  Regional Committee

Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)


  •  Standing Committee

Program and Coordination Committee Non-Governmental Organization Committee Intergovernmental Institutions Consultative Committee


Ad hoc institutions

Information Open-ended Ad Hoc Working Group


Expert organization

Expert agency composed of government experts:

Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals Intergovernmental Expert Working Group on International Accounting and Reporting Standards United Nations Panel of Experts on Geographical Names

An expert body composed of members in their personal capacity:

Development Policy Committee Public Administration Expert Committee Ad Hoc Expert Group on International Taxation Cooperation Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues


  •  Other related institutions

United Nations Population Awards Committee

International Narcotics Control Board

Board of Directors of the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women Program Coordinating Committee of the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV / AIDS


ECOSOC Specialized Agencies

Autonomous organizations coordinate their work with other UN agencies through the Economic and Social Council. International Labor Organization

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

World Health Organization

World Bank Group (including: the five major institutions of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Development Association, International Finance Corporation, Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), International Investment Dispute Resolution Center) International Monetary Fund

International Civil Aviation Organization

International Maritime Organization

International Telecommunication Union

Universal Postal Union

World Meteorological Organization

World Intellectual Property Organization

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) United Nations Refugee Organization (disbanded in 1952)

Relations with China

China has been a member of the council since 1972. In April 1993, the Chinese delegation attended the NGO Committee meeting for the first time as an observer.

On July 29, 1998, the Economic and Social Council decided to grant the China Federation of Disabled Persons special consultative status in the institution.

In November 2007, China was re-elected as a member of the United Nations Economic and Social Council for a term from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2010. In October 2010, China was re-elected as a member of the United Nations Economic and Social Council for a term from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013.


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