Herpes Simplex Infection Causes Symptoms Treatment

 Causes Symptoms and Treatment of Herpes Simplex Infection

Meaning of Herpes Virus: Herpes, the first refers to the yellow-white or translucent small blisters that appear on the skin surface, often appearing as a sheet, which is full of liquid. Smallpox, chickenpox, etc. all have this symptom; the second refers to a skin disease. The pathogen is a virus, which mostly occurs on the upper lip or face. Itching first occurs locally, and then a blister-like bulge appears. It contains a transparent liquid. Slight pain, scab self-healing after a week or two. Herpes is divided into genital herpes, herpes simplex, and shingles. Today we come to understand one of them-herpes simplex.

What is herpes simplex?

In fact, herpes is a common and infectious skin disease with an ancient history, and the relevant records have even been seen in ancient Greece. Herpes simplex is an acute herpes skin disease caused by the herpes simplex virus. It can occur throughout the body. Humans are the only natural host for herpes simplex virus. The virus enters the body through the respiratory tract, oral cavity, genital mucosa, and damaged skin, and resides in the human normal mucosa, blood, saliva, and sensory ganglion cells.

The pathogen of herpes simplex is human herpes simplex virus, which belongs to the herpes simplex virus family α subfamily and herpes simplex virus genus. It is divided into two subtypes HSV-1 and HSV-2. HSV-1 subtype mainly invades the waist. The above parts, especially the face and brain tissue; and HSV-2 type mainly invades the lower waist, especially the genitals, etc., so it is called genital herpes; but this distinction is not strict.

Human herpes simplex virus does not have strong resistance to the outside world. It can be inactivated by heating at 56 ° C for 30min, UV irradiation for 5min, and other lipid solvents such as ether; however, its biological activity can be stored for a long time at -70 ° C.

 In vitro Culture

In an in vitro culture environment, herpes simplex virus can infect almost all kinds of embryonic and newborn animal-derived fibroblasts and epithelial cells, and quickly produce lesions visible to the naked eye. Therefore, in some difficult cases, the method of in vitro culture to isolate the virus can be used to help clinical diagnosis.

What are the Herpes simplex symptoms?

Everyone is not very familiar with herpes simplex. The previous article mentioned that herpes simplex can occur throughout the body. So what are the symptoms of herpes simplex?

Herpes simplex symptoms

1. Symptoms of primary infection herpes simplex

 The primary infection can be subclinical. If the clinical symptoms are present, the severity is greater than recurrent lesions. The incubation period is 3 to 5 days.

Herpes gingivostomatitis is the most common primary infection and occurs in children as young as 15 years. Gingival swelling and bleeding, blisters, erosions, ulcers on the tongue, pharynx, palate, and buccal mucosa. The ulcer is covered with a pale yellow false film with fever, discomfort, salivation, restlessness, bad breath, and painful eating. Local lymph nodes are enlarged and painful. . Fever subsides after 3-5 days, and usually fully recovers within 2 weeks.

Image Showing Genital Herpes

2. Genital herpes:

Males are more common in the glans, foreskin and penis, and females are in the vulva, vagina, and cervical mucosa. Several red pimples and blisters occurred early, accompanied by local itching and burning sensations. Superficial ulcers formed after the blister broke, and dry crusts later. May have fever, discomfort, headache, fatigue and other symptoms. Without treatment, the course of disease lasts 2 to 3 weeks.
Genital Herpes

3. Inoculated herpes simplex:

The virus is directly inoculated on normal skin or skin abrasions. After 5 to 7 days, local hard papules, bullae, or irregularly dispersed blisters will appear. Local lymph nodes will swell and systemic symptoms are generally mild. Fingertip vaccination causes herpetic gangrene, local redness and pain, and the blisters fuse into a honeycomb appearance or form bullae.

Recurrent infection herpes simplex

Compared with the primary infection, recurrent blisters are smaller and denser, generally lack systemic symptoms, and often do not involve the buccal mucosa. There was a local itching or burning sensation 1-2 hours before the rash, and then clustered blisters appeared on the inflammatory substrate, which usually healed within 7 to 10 days without leaving scars.

The face is most often affected (especially around the mouth) and can occur in other areas. Relapses are usually in the same area, but not always in the same area. Genital herpes recurrence is extremely common and manifests as clusters of small blisters and superficial ulcers.

Virus of Herpes Simplex

How does herpes simplex cause?

After understanding the symptoms of herpes simplex, friends of patients must find the symptoms of herpes simplex as soon as possible and put them into treatment as soon as possible. But many people are puzzled, how does herpes simplex cause it?

DNA virus herpes simplex virus infection (40%):

The disease is caused by the herpes simplex virus of DNA virus. Human herpes simplex virus is divided into two types, namely herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-I) and herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-II).

Type I mainly causes genitals. Infections of skin, mucous membranes (oral mucosa) and organs (brain) other than type II mainly cause skin and mucous membrane infections in the genital area.

Herpes Transmission (20%):

The virus enters the body through the respiratory tract, oral cavity, genital mucosa and damaged skin, and resides in the normal mucosa, blood, saliva and sensory ganglion cells of the human body. When the body's resistance decreases, such as fever, gastrointestinal disorders, menstruation, pregnancy, lesions When infection and mood change, latent HSV is activated in the body. Human is the only natural host of herpes simplex virus.

This virus exists in the blister fluid, saliva and feces of patients, restorers or healthy carriers. The main transmission method is direct contact infection. It can also be transmitted through tableware contaminated by saliva. Indirect infection.

Source of infection (20%):

It is clinically divided into primary herpes simplex infection and recurrent herpes simplex virus infection. Primary herpes simplex infections are caused by contact with patients with herpes simplex.

Herpes simplex virus can be transmitted through the mouth-breathing, or through the skin and mucous membranes. Infections at the herpes lesions, such as the cornea, and herpes simplex virus infection in infected patients and asymptomatic detoxifiers.

The virus is present in their saliva and feces. Therefore, patients with this disease should avoid contact with other children and young infants. Recurrent herpes simplex The infection is caused by the activation of latent herpes simplex virus in the body, and there is currently no ideal method to prevent recurrence.

How to treat simple cell rash?

How to treat simple cell rash? At present, the most effective treatment method of traditional Chinese medicine inhibition therapy: genital herpes is a stubborn disease, and it is difficult to cure it. Traditional medicine has been helpless for genital herpes. Topical Hericon drugs are rich in highly active proteolytic enzymes, which can quickly dissolve the protein shell of the herpes virus, allowing the drug components to quickly enter the virus and destroy the gene chain.

In addition, antiviral treatment is also the main treatment for herpes simplex

1. Acyclovir (ACV) is an open-chain purine nucleoside, which can inhibit the synthesis of viral DNA and has less effect on the synthesis of host cell DNA. It is considered to be the most effective anti-HSV drug at present.
 In severe cases, it can be administered intravenously at a dose of 5 mg per kilogram of body weight every 8 hours for a total of 5 to 7 days.

Ordinary patients can take orally, 200 mg each time, 5 times a day, or 800 mg each time, 2 times a day for a total of 5 to 7 days. It can reduce the virus quickly, reduce the symptoms and shorten the healing time. External use of 3% to 5% ACV ointment can also reduce symptoms and shorten the course of the disease. The drug has no significant side effects.

2. Hericang can obviously inhibit the replication of herpes virus and has a better effect on primary herpes.

3. Herikang can significantly inhibit the replication of herpes virus, and has a better effect on primary herpes.

What medicines are used for treatment?

Vaccines and immunosuppressants For patients with severe primary genital herpes and recurrent episodes, non-specific vaccines such as BCG and polio vaccines can be tried to improve the body's non-specific immunity, but their effects are less reliable and have immunosuppression And immunodeficiency patients.

Immune enhancers can be used in patients with recurrent genital herpes to improve the body's immune regulation. Such as levamisole, 50mg each time, 3 times a day, after taking 3 consecutive days, the drug is discontinued for 11 days, that is, 3 days every 2 weeks. You can also use levamisole coating solution, apply to the flexion of the forearm, once a day for 3 consecutive days. Take the medicine 3 days a week.

Chinese medicine external treatment method: Chinese medicine cream Hericang local symptoms can be eliminated within 30 days, increase exercise can not be lazy.

Can simple rash be cured?

I've been impressed to have seen a simple eczema on the face, and I hope this disease can be avoided. Can simple rash be cured? Doctors suggest to go to the hospital for treatment in time without too much mental load. Herpes simplex can be cured.

Herpes simplex is commonly called "fever herpes", which is a herpes skin disease caused by a virus. It often occurs in the course of fever and other fever diseases. Men, women, and children can occur in all seasons. A simple rash develops in a round-like development, with red rice dumplings with large rice or high grain size, pain and ulceration, and blisters.

Treatment is mainly symptomatic and to avoid secondary infections. Topical application is 2% gentian violet solution, 0.5% neomycin ointment, etc. Only when you pay attention to exercise, improve your immunity, and stop the outbreak of herpes virus is the only way to cure herpes simplex.

Is herpes simplex transmitted?

To understand herpes simplex, it is natural to know whether it is contagious.

Is herpes simplex transmitted? What aspects of life should you pay attention to to prevent herpes simplex?

Herpes simplex is an acute herpes dermatosis caused by the herpes simplex virus. Humans are the only natural host for herpes simplex virus. The virus exists in the blister fluid, saliva and feces of patients, restorers, or healthy carriers.
The main method is direct contact infection, and it can also be transmitted indirectly through tableware contaminated with saliva.

There are three things to note about preventing herpes simplex:

1. Keep the skin clean and take a bath every day. In hot weather, you can wash 2-3 times a day. Dress appropriately and don't sweat too much.

2. to protect the skin from damage, clothes, and bedding should be soft. Cut your nails frequently to avoid scratching the cuticle.

3. Avoid contact with people with skin infections. Wash your hands frequently.

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