What are Right to Know Laws and Regulations?

Laws and Regulations on the Right to Know

In actual life, patients have their right to know about their condition during treatment, and doctors should also protect the privacy of their condition. Caring for, caring for, and respecting patients, and protecting the privacy of patients are the obligations that physicians should perform in their practice activities. The doctor should truthfully introduce the patient to the patient or its practicality, but should pay attention to avoid adverse consequences for the patient. The next step is to bring the relevant knowledge of how the laws and regulations of the patient’s right to know are brought by the editor of Finding Legal Network for your reference.

1. How are the laws and regulations of patients' right to know

The patient's right to know is clearly stipulated in the Law of the People's Republic of China on Practicing Physicians.

Article 22 of the Law on Practicing Physicians clearly stipulates that caring for, caring for, and respecting patients, and protecting the privacy of patients are the obligations that physicians should perform in practicing activities.

Article 26 of the Law on Practicing Physicians clearly stipulates that physicians should truthfully introduce the patient's condition to the patient or its practicality, but care should be taken to avoid adverse consequences for the patient.


Medical institutions and their medical personnel must fully respect the patient's right to know when performing the obligation of notification, pay attention to language art and effects, pay attention to the way of speaking and attitude, be kind to the patient, be gentle with language, avoid vicious stimuli, do not The patient's attitude was cold or ignored. Irrelevant or uncertain words such as "all right", "impossible", and "will definitely" will not be used when introducing the disease.

It is necessary to agree on the ideological work of the patients and to deal with the unreasonable requirements of individual patients. They should be patiently persuaded. They should be considerate and caring, and they must master the principles. Do not tell the patients directly about the deterioration of the condition and the poor prognosis.

Laws and Regulations on Right to Know

Medical staff or superior medical staff to explain. Before the operation, the patient should be told about the operation method and the complications and accidents that may occur during and after the operation.


2. How to protect patients' right to know in law

First, we must use law to provide protection.


To effectively protect patients' right to know, so that patients can see the doctor clearly, in addition to relying on the hospital to strengthen their own qualities, but also to raise them to the legal level for protection, in order to achieve "there is a law to be followed, violations will be investigated.

Although the right to know is clearly stipulated in the "General Rules of Civil Law", this right is the connotation of citizens' personal rights, and the "Consumer Protection Law" has legalized this right (Article 8), and the right to know It complies with the basic legislative spirit of the "General Principles of Civil Law" and should be protected by law.

Secondly, medical institutions strengthen management and effectively guarantee the realization of patients' right to know.


The doctor should choose a relatively quiet environment to inform the patient. If you are constantly disturbed by noise or other information during the notification process, the patient will not be able to understand the notified information or go astray, which will make the patient unable to make a correct decision or difficult to decide. It is best to set up a room in the hospital that is more suitable for quiet conversation to talk with patients or their families.

Should the patient be allowed to carry it during the conversation? Tone or? Like the device, after the conversation is completed, can the patient still talk? The audio tape will be listened back or listened to with other members of the family. The other members of the family will help the patient to consider the medical account and assist the patient to make a decision.


Due to the high professionalism of medical technology, a large number of patients have varying degrees of difficulty in understanding medical terminology. Therefore, the medical side should pay attention to avoiding the use of medical terminology when performing the obligation of notification, and try to make the expression easy to understand without affecting the accuracy.

Finally, the whole society should establish the concept of protecting patients' right to know.


Both society and hospitals must change their minds. Hospitals should respect patients ’right to informed consent, and patients must correctly understand their rights and try to reach consensus with doctors.

3. Can patients or their families enjoy the right to know?

Physicians should truthfully introduce the condition to the patients or their families, but should pay attention to avoid adverse consequences for the patients.


Medical institutions must obtain the consent of the patient when performing surgery, special examination or special treatment, and should obtain the consent and signature of their family members or related parties; when the patient's opinion cannot be obtained, the family member or related party's consent should be obtained and signed.

When there are no family members or related persons present, or in other special circumstances, the treating physician shall propose a medical treatment plan, which shall be implemented after obtaining the approval of the person in charge of the medical institution or authorized person in charge.


Medical physicians should be approved by the hospital and obtain the consent of the patient or his family members for experimental clinical treatment.


The above is the relevant content on "How are the laws and regulations of the patient's right to know" organized by the editor of the French website. From the above, we can know that in law, the doctor should truthfully introduce the patient to the patient or his family, but should pay attention to avoid negative consequences for patients. If you still have questions about the above, you can consult a French lawyer online.

Indian anti-corruption sacrifices magic wand

    Avand Kjeriva, founder of the “change” organization that actively promoted the birth of the Right to Know Act


    Members of Indian civil society organizations hold various activities to promote the Right to Know Act to the public

    In the rankings published by the international anti-corruption organization "Transparency International" in 2005, the Indian government ranks in the bottom of the 158 countries, only 88th.

The Indian government has shown a sharp anti-corruption sword: the Right to Know Act. According to a Reuters report on the 16th, with this "amulet", Indian people today do not have to worry about the application documents "sinking into the sea" when they go to government departments, and they don't have to worry about being asked for "red envelopes".


    Change procrastination

    The 55-year-old painter Naru Laar accidentally lost the "rational supply card for daily necessities" issued by the government a few days ago, and the cost of supporting his family doubled immediately. In India, people must use this card to buy rice, beans, and flour rationed at a discounted price. He had to rush to complete the card replenishment procedure.


    Indian people know that because of the prevailing winds of corruption, wanting to do something through government departments is like rushing into a “mine mine”. Many officials will not let go of any opportunity to ask for “red envelopes”. everywhere. The efficiency of handling affairs is even more of a headache.

A business that should be completed within 10 days, after several departments "playing a ball", at least three months to complete. International financial institutions report, "It takes at least 3 months to register a company in India, and 10 years to close a company." The people ironically called these greedy, lazy officials "Babs" (Indian colloquialism, which means "Mr").


    But Lal was very lucky this time. After filling out the application form, he was told that he had the right to monitor the work flow of applying for card replenishment at any time because the "Right to Know Act" had taken effect.

What surprised Lal was that the day after he filled out the form, he was taken to the office of the competent official by a polite civil servant and brought a cup of tea. A few minutes later, a new card was handed to him.

Lar said excitedly: “For the poor of us, the Right to Know Act is like a magic wand. If it were changed before, the officials would at least ask me to ask for a“ benefit fee ”of 100 rupees.” Lar Living in the slums of New Delhi, you can earn up to 200 rupees a day (1 US dollar is about 46.6 rupees).


    Anti-corruption has a weapon

    The Right to Know Act provided the sharpest "weapon" for the Indian people to fight against the "bureaucratic army". The Right to Know Act, which came into effect last October, stipulates that Indian citizens have the right to obtain information from the government.

The Act has a very broad definition of information. In addition to intelligence related to national security, cabinet documents, and content protected by courts, citizens have the right to request access to any other information in any form. The “change” of a civil society organization that actively promotes the bill declares: “Now, it ’s the officials who are afraid.”

The member of the organization, Manisi Szodia, said: “The Right to Know Act gives every ordinary The right of citizens-you can open the doors of government documents, materials or offices, which is a very effective means of fighting corruption, although corruption cannot disappear from India in a short time. "


    Now, as long as the people pay 10 rupees, the relevant departments must reply to the application for passports, driving licenses, ID cards and water and electricity installations within the deadline. If no response is received within 30 days, the applicant has the right to appeal.

If there is no response in another 30 days, the person in charge will be fined 250 rupees per day with a maximum limit of 25,000 rupees. This penalty will be deducted from the salary of the person in charge. If civil servants provide false or incomplete information to citizens, they will also be fined 25,000 rupees, a figure equivalent to the monthly salary of most senior government officials.

At present, about 1,500 volunteers have set up "information centers" in important government agencies in 47 cities, specializing in processing more than 14,000 "right-to-know applications."


    It didn't take long for the "Right to Know Act" to be implemented, and officials at all levels have begun to complain. According to reports, government departments are brewing amendments to the bill on the grounds that some people who read the documents will alter and write them up.

In this regard, many non-governmental organizations expressed strong opposition, they worry that restricting the scope of public information will allow corrupt elements to take advantage, thereby greatly damaging the authority of the law.


    Avand Kjeriva, the founder of the "change" organization, said: "To accuse someone of scribbling official documents is just a boring excuse for those" babbs ".

Every document is a whole, if someone wants to know his Why the passport was not issued in time, it is obviously not enough to provide only some materials. "As a leader of the" grassroots have the right to know more "movement, Kjeriva won the" La Nobel Prize "this year. "Monte Magsesense" Public Service Award.


    Difficult to accomplish overnight

    Transparency International, headquartered in Berlin, is a global supervisory body for corruption. In its rankings published in 2005, the Indian government ranks 88th out of 158 countries, with Indonesia, Mexico and other countries in the same rank. The survey revealed that more than 20% of Indian households said that they had paid bribes at least once in the past 12 months.


    Former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi once pointed out that less than one-tenth of every rupee the government uses for development actually reaches the hands of the beneficiaries, and this ratio is still high. A recent survey revealed that Indian police officers can earn more than $ 400 a month by taking bribes from truck drivers.


    As the highest institution to fight crime, the Central Bureau of Investigation of India was established from 2003 to June this year and has filed investigations on nearly 3,000 corruption cases.

But Kjeriva pointed out in a nutshell: "The number of cases filed is not important. What matters is how many officials involved are finally convicted. It is important to know that less than 5% of the convicted persons are the last. This is the most dangerous thing. "


    Earlier this month, more than 700 Indian civil organizations launched a massive campaign to promote the Right to Know Act to the public, hoping that everyone can realize and defend their rights.

Santos Kumari, a 22-year-old member of the "Change" organization, said excitedly: "Now, it is 'Babus' time to ask for our time." But things are obviously not so optimistic, although the Right to Know Act is regarded as India The government has taken a big step in fighting corruption. But bureaucrats who are good at finding "the way to make money" also have their own tricks. There are reports that government officials are considering setting up a network of information offices across the country, which will generate many official positions.


Related tags: Protection of patient's right to know Knowledge of patient's right to know Content of patient's right to know Types of patient's right to know Overview of patient's right to know Patient's informed consent

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