Constitution of India Encyclopedia


Indian Constitution: The Country’s Highest Law

When the Constituent Assembly issued the bill at the end of three years of hard work in drafting, few analysts were prepared to confidently predict that the resulting Indian Constitution would have a long life.

 This is a tribute to the wisdom and vision of the founding fathers.

 What they created is still the cornerstone of the establishment of the parliamentary democracy in India.

The Indian Constitution is a bright light for lawmakers and ordinary citizens. In the past seven decades, its basic structure has remained unchanged.

Despite numerous amendments, the principles stated in the preamble are still inspiring confidence.


Beginning of the Constitution Preamble

"We, the people of India" is the beginning of the preamble. 

Before the announcement to the world of the establishment of a sovereign, secular and democratic republic, the republic has followed the principles of justice, freedom, equality and fraternity. 

And the legal documents of the government, but also become a veritable charter of the rights and freedoms of the people.


Republic Day Celebration for India's Constitution

The Constitution celebrated on Republic Day is a living document in the new sense, because it is rooted in popular imagination.

On January 26, 1950, India became a republic and has maintained this state. Thanks to the deep belief and trust of every Indian in the Constitution, India’s democratic system has become stronger in the past seven decades.


On the days of every republic, a spectacular parade is held in Rajpat to celebrate India’s military strength. 

This is also a time when one billion Indians pay homage to the Constitution. 

It is this document that guarantees the freedom and rights of every Indian citizen.

Every Indian on Republic Day also guarantees compliance with the obligations and responsibilities set out in this most sacred land document. This is the spirit of the Constitution, which makes every citizen value it so much.


It must be remembered that the Indian Constitution is the result of a so called  national struggle under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi to break away from British colonial rule.

Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi's political philosophy, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar fine-tuned his commitment to social equality and justice to benefit the oppressed masses, thus leaving his mark on the Constitution.


Another important feature that emerged was the substantial adoption of the federal government structure. 

The Republic of India, described as a national alliance, can develop a centralized model of federal governance. 

The federal system is gradually strengthened due to the political development of the states, becoming the "center" of power in the federal power structure.

 It has been so since. Like many Western democracies, India’s federal structure is out of sync with excessive centralization.


Indian Constitution

The Republic of India is described as a national alliance capable of developing a model of central federal governance. 

The federal system is gradually strengthened with the political development of the states as the "center" of power in the federal power structure. It has been like this since. 

India’s federal structure is not synchronized with excessive centralization, as is the case in many Western democracies.

Civil rights and basic freedoms in the Indian Constitution

The civil rights and basic freedoms stipulated in the Constitution are important contents for advocating democratic legitimacy. 

The Indian Supreme Court has recognized them many times. This expands the "right to life" and means a life with dignity. Freedom of speech, citizens’ right to know and the right to personal privacy strengthen India’s democratic qualifications.

 Today, India ’s democracy is far more developed than many other countries in the world.

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