Names of Major Government Departments and Posts in The US State Department


United States Government Departments: Names of Major Departments and Main Posts of the US State Department

The US State Department is essentially the foreign affairs agency in the Cabinet-level of the US government, equivalent to but not only the foreign affairs agencies of other countries. The United States Secretary of State is a member of the Cabinet of the United States Government.

The US State Department is headquartered in the Harry S Truman Building at 2201 C Street in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood, Washington, DC, only a few blocks away from the White House.

Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS or HHS)

 The most important medical industry regulatory agency in the United States is the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS or HHS).

HHS was established in 1953 during the presidency of President Eisenhower. Its responsibilities initially included education and social security.

The establishment of the Federal Ministry of Education in 1979 and the establishment of a separate Social Security Administration in 1995 allowed HHS to define areas of responsibility that currently focus on medical care, public health, and certain social services.

In fiscal 2008, total HHS expenditures were US $ 719.1 billion, exceeding the US Department of Defense's expenditures and accounting for 23.8% of the federal government's total budget, making it the largest expenditure department in the federal government. Of this total, US $ 603.8 billion was spent on Medicare and Medicaid benefits, and US $ 105.3 billion was spent by other departments in HHS.

HHS has the following departments, covering all aspects of medical health procurement, food and drug safety, biomedical research, disease control, medical quality supervision, and medical resource allocation, which are closely related to the national health and medical system.

HHS also has 10 regional branches. The main departments that regulate the medical industry are the CMS and FDA. The functions of other departments are mainly medical and medical research, public health services, and some are departments that provide social services for special populations.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is the most important component of the HHS. It is responsible for providing medical benefits to seniors and disabled people aged 65 and over through Medicare, and through medical treatment. Medicaid works with state governments to provide medical benefits to low-income groups.

CMS funds and directly manages the medical benefits of more than 40 million federal health insurance beneficiaries, formulates and promulgates service rates for hospitals and doctors, and accepts, processes, and pays bills for medical providers, retail pharmacies, and medical supplies providers. Medical assistance benefits are implemented by the state governments and supported by the federal government through CMS grants.

For most hospitals and other medical institutions, as well as a considerable number of doctors, since the elderly are their main service targets, Medicare, which pays medical expenses for the elderly, has great power as the largest medical payer.

The rate set by the CMS has become a major factor in determining the annual surplus or loss of the medical provider. Of course, the CMS rate is limited by the federal government budget and does not depend entirely on the CMS itself. From a market perspective, the federal government has become the largest buyer of US healthcare, with a market share of about 35%. With the aging of the United States, this share will continue to rise in the next two or three decades.

Because of this, federal medical insurance rates have become the standard for pricing all medical services in the United States, and in fact have become an important mechanism for the federal government to manage medical services and products by market means.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under HHS is the department in charge of food, drug, medical equipment and food safety supplements.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the organization responsible for conducting and funding biomedical research under the HHS. Its research or funding projects focus on basic research. For the United States biomedical, pharmaceutical, and medical devices Long-term development plays an important role. Many pharmaceutical companies' new drugs are based on the results of NIH research.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the main organization responsible for coordinating the medical and health departments of governments at all levels to prevent and control infectious diseases, multiple diseases, environmental diseases, occupational diseases, and improve the overall health of the people.

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is responsible for research on improving medical quality and reducing medical errors.

The role of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) is to help agricultural areas and the poor get access to the necessary medical services, improve the quality of care and improve the public health system.

The Indian Health Service (HIS) is a function set up to provide medical services and improve the health of Native Americans.
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) is responsible for investigating and studying the health hazards caused by environmental pollution caused by industry, energy, and military activities to residents, counting the cases caused by them, and implementing emergency response measures. mechanism.

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is responsible for increasing and improving services for the prevention, treatment and cessation of drug addiction, drug addiction, alcohol addiction, and mental illness, thereby reducing illnesses and deaths as a result. Disability.

The Administration on Aging (AoA) is responsible for granting funds to state governments and Indian tribal jurisdictions to provide services to older people and provide research funding for older people's issues.

The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) is a social services department that has little to do with health care. With a budget of $ 47 billion, this department has the largest budget in HHS other than CMS. This department provides assistance to needy children, provides adoption services, provides foster families for orphans, combats child abuse, and more.

Department of Homeland Security

Ministry of Justice

Ministry of Communications

United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)

The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), established in 1989, is a cabinet department serving U.S. veterans and their families. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs is responsible for the management of more than 21 million veterans and more than 70 million family members and survivors, mainly including: issuing pensions, war subsidies, disability pensions and death pensions, etc .; managing veteran life insurance; Soldiers provide medical services, home loan guarantees, and employment assistance; fund retired soldiers for advanced studies; manage national cemeteries, and more. The total fiscal year 2018 budget is approximately $ 90 billion. In November 2018, the then Minister was Robert Wilkie.

Veterans affairs in the United States has a long history. As early as 1917, the United States Government during World War I initially established a veterans security system including military and veterans insurance, and compensation and rehabilitation programs for disabled soldiers. In 1930, the US Army established the Veterans Administration. Later in World War II, Roosevelt signed the Veterans Rights Act in 1943. The law is called "the greatest law of the 20th century in the United States." In 1989, the U.S. government upgraded the Bureau of Veterans Affairs to the Department of Veterans Affairs, coordinating management, service, and pension work for veterans.

As of 2018, the Department of Veterans Affairs is the United States government's main agency for the management and service of veterans. It has 3 bureaus (Medical Service, Welfare Bureau, and National Cemetery Administration), 22 direct units (Employment Discrimination Complaint Decision Office, Women's Veterans Service Center and Minority Veterans' Service Center, etc.), there are 57 offices across the country, and veterans service offices or assistance committees are set up in counties and cities. More than 377,000 employees.

In order to allow retired soldiers to adapt to the rapidly changing development environment, the US government has gradually shifted its emphasis on "monetary compensation" placements to "capacity-guided" placements, focusing on improving their professional skills and education while ensuring the basic income of veterans. The United States "Veterans Emergency Vocational Training Act" stipulates that veterans can enjoy vocational skills training for up to 18 months, with funding standards up to $ 10,000. The government also encourages soldiers to go to college after retirement and provide high bursaries. The current US Army policy states that soldiers who have served for two years can receive a scholarship of $ 26,000 after retirement, and soldiers who have served for four years can receive a maximum of $ 50,000.

U.S. Department of State


The United States Department of State is the United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department. This agency is essentially the foreign affairs agency in the Cabinet-level of the US government, which is equivalent to the diplomacy of other countries. Department (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Department of Foreign Affairs). In terms of its literalness and substance, the translation of the United States Department of State by "US Department of State" is more suitable, so that it is easy to see that the Department of State in the United States is different from the level of the State Council of China: China's State Council The head of the State Council is the head of government, and the U.S. State Department is only equivalent to China's "Foreign Ministry," because the president of the United States is both the head of state and the head of government. ). Other departments of the US federal government are translated as "Ministry", such as: the Department of Treasury, the Department of Justice, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Commerce ) And the Department of Education, etc., their secretaries are translated as "Ministers", while the department of the Department of State and its title of Secretary of State are specialized and translated into " State Council " and " Secretary of State. "

Literally, the Department of State may be easier to understand as "Ministry of State" or "Ministry of Foreign Affairs", and its leader, "Secretary of State" may be translated as "Minister of State" or "Ministry of Foreign Affairs" to facilitate integration with other state agencies, however, In the history of English-Chinese translation, it has been customary to translate the Department of State into "State Council" and the Secretary of State into "Secretary of State".

The United States Secretary of State is a member of the Cabinet of the United States Government. If the President is unable to effectively exercise the power of the President or inadvertently die (in the event of the disability or death of the President), the Secretary of State is ranked 4th in the succession order of the US President, that is, the Vice President ), The Speaker of the House, and the President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

According to the U.S. Constitution, drafted in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1787 and ratified by the states in 1788, the President of the United States is responsible for foreign affairs. On July 21, 1789, the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate approved legislation to establish the Department of Foreign Affairs of the first Federal agency, which was signed and approved by President Washington on July 27. In September 1789, the United States passed legislation to change the name of the agency to the Department of State, and gave it a variety of domestic duties. These duties include managing the United States Mint, overseeing the Great Seal of the United States, and overseeing the census. Later, most of the Department of State's domestic affairs were eventually transferred to federal ministries and agencies established in the 19th century.

The Secretary of State is the principal foreign policy adviser to the president's foreign policy. The U.S. Department of State supports business activities in other U.S. departments, such as the Department of Commerce and the U.S. Agency for International Development. At the same time, the US State Department also provides important services for American citizens and foreigners visiting and immigrating to the United States.

According to regulations, the State Council is responsible for all diplomatic activities, such as U.S. representation abroad, foreign assistance programs, countering international crime, and foreign military training programs.

The Secretary of State is the Chief Executive Officer of the State Department. The Secretary of State is answerable directly to the President of the United States. The US State Department's duties are mainly divided into 5 more obvious levels, the first level is the Secretary of State. According to relevant regulations, the Secretary of State is No. 1 of the State Council.

The Secretary of State has an overall view and directly leads the Deputy Secretary (translated as "First Deputy Secretary of State" or "Executive Deputy Secretary of State"), the Director of the US Agency for International Development and the Director of the Foreign Aid Division Administrator of the US Agency for International Development and Director of Foreign Assistance) and the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations.

It can be seen from the above that the Deputy Secretary (first deputy secretary of state, standing deputy secretary of state) is a separate rank, the No. 2 person in the State Council, he / she leads 6 Under Secretary (Deputy Secretary of State), 1 Chief of Staff ( Staff Supervisor), an Executive Secretariat (Executive Secretary) and a Foreign Policy Counselor.

Deputy Secretary (Chief of Staff), Chief of Staff, Executive Secretariat, 6 Deputy Secretary of State, Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Reconstruction and Stability Coordinator Office of the Coordinator.
For Reconstruction & Stabilization, National Foreign Affairs Training Center, Bureau of International Information Programs, Office of the Legal Adviser, Management Office of Management Policy, Office of Protocol, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Office of War Crimes Issues, Intelligence Research Office (Bureau of Intelligence and Research), Bureau of Legislative Affairs, and Bureau of Resource Management. Among them, the Executive Secretariat of the State Council has one Executive Secretary and three Deputy Executive Secretary.

Of the six Deputy Secretary of State directly led by the Deputy Secretary, the Undersecretary for Political Affairs is the third-ranking state department official. In the absence or event of the Secretary of State and the Deputy Secretary of State, the Deputy Secretary of State for Political Affairs will become the Acting Secretary.

The Assistant Secretary of State for Political Affairs is assisted by a number of Assistant Secretaries to coordinate U.S. global foreign affairs, and these Assistant Secretary of State generally in charge of bureaus such as the Bureau of African Affairs, Bureau of East Asia and Pacific Affairs (Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs), Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, and Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs.

The Undersecretary for Management is responsible for the allocation and use of the budget, physical property and personnel of the State Council, and planning the day-to-day administration of the State Council.

The Deputy Secretary of State for Administration is in charge of the Bureau of Administration, the Bureau of Consular Affairs, the Bureau of Diplomatic Security, the Bureau of Human Resources, and the Bureau of Information of Information Resource Management, the Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations, and the Office of Management Policy, Rightsizing, and Innovation. Among them, the Office of Allowances, Office of Authentication, Language Services, Office of Logistics Management, and Office of Overseas Schools, Office of Multi-Media Services, Office of Directives Management, Office of Commissary and Recreation Affairs, and Office of the Procurement Executive. The Foreign Security Service also has a Diplomatic Security Service and an Office of Foreign Missions.
Government Departments and Posts of The US State Department

The Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business, and Agricultural Affairs is a senior economic adviser on international economic policy for the Secretary of State and the Secretary of State, mainly dealing with U.S. trade, agriculture, and aerospace As well as bilateral trade relations between the United States and its economic partners, it is in charge of the Bureau of Economic, Energy, and Business Affairs.

The Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs is in charge of matters that originally belonged to the US Information Agency, which were merged with the 1999 reorganization State Department.

The Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs is primarily responsible for the State Department's public communications, which seeks to burnish the image of the United States around the world. He / she is in charge of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, the Bureau of Public Affairs and the Bureau of International Information Programs.

The Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs coordinates the role of the State Department in military funding and oversees the functions of the formerly independent US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency), in charge of the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, and the Bureau of Verification, Compliance and Implementation).

The Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs was established by the Clinton administration. He / she assists in solving world diplomatic coordination issues that can be resolved non-laterally or regionally, such as the environment. Democracy promotion in American foreign policy.

The undersecretaries of state for democracy and global affairs are responsible for the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, and Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration.

The United States Department of State also has a foreign policy adviser (counselor), special adviser and consultant on the major foreign policy issues of the Secretary of State and the Deputy Secretary of State, providing guidance to relevant bureaus on specific international negotiations, etc. Give yourself special assignments.

The US President's fight against global AIDS relies on the Office of Global AIDS Coordinator, who also reports directly to the Secretary of State.
How much is it to have a baby in the United States

After the department reorganization in 1996, the Administrator of the US Administration for International Development (AID), which led independent agencies, and the Permanent Representative to the United Nations, or UN Ambassador) also reports to the Secretary of State.
Names of Major Government Departments Posts US State Department


In addition, the State Council also has several positions such as Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Assistant Secretary, which can be translated into "Deputy Secretary of State" (representative of Deputy Secretary of State) and "Deputy Assistant Secretary of State" (Assistant Secretary of State) according to Chinese habits.



See Also
  • Government Service Positions Related Duties
  • Divisions US Government Agencies Job
  • Job Loss due to AI
  • Levels of US Government Job Officials 

     




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