Prime Minister of India or Indian Prime Minister

Indian Prime Minister Job

Prime Minister of India refers to the head of government of the Republic of India and is appointed and removed by the President of India.

First Prime Minister:    Jawaharlal Nehru

Current prime minister:    Narendra Modi

Definition: Means the head of government of the republic of India
Appointment and removal:    President of India

Table of Content

    1. Job overview

    ▪ Production method

    ▪ Responsibility

    2. Current Prime Minister

    3. Successive Prime Ministers

Job Overview - Production methods

India is a parliamentary state. The President is only a symbolic head of state. The Prime Minister actually assumes all government responsibilities. The Prime Minister is the majority leader of the People’s House (lower house) of the Indian Parliament.
From India's independence in 1947 to the election of a new Prime Minister in the Indian Parliament in 2019, a total of 16 people have served as Prime Minister.

Duties and powers of Indian PM

The Indian Prime Minister has a pivotal position in the political life of the Indian country. The Indian Constitution stipulates that the Prime Minister and Minister must be members of the People's House (the lower house of parliament) or the Bundestag (the upper house of parliament).

The general reason is that the president appoints the leader of the parliamentary majority party of the people's house, or the leader of the majority parliamentary group of several party joint cabinets.

The Prime Minister has the right to recommend that the President dissolve the People's House. The central government, the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister, is the highest executive body in India. It is composed of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet Minister, the Minister of State and the Deputy Minister and is collectively responsible to the People's House.

The Prime Minister answered questions from members in Parliament and made an annual government work report.
The Prime Minister has the right to nominate cabinet members, ministers, ministers of state, deputy ministers, and other key government officials.
The President is appointed on the nomination of the Prime Minister.

The President of India is the head of state and commander of the armed forces, but since the President must exercise executive powers as recommended by the Prime Minister, and the Prime Minister also leads the majority parliamentary party in Parliament, it can be said that the Prime Minister is the most powerful core figure in the Indian government.

Current prime minister

Narendra Modi is Indian Prime Minister now. Born in Gujarat, India in 1950, Hindu, Master of Political Science. He joined the Indian People's Party in 1987 and was the general secretary, national secretary and general secretary of the party's Gujarat branch. Since 2001, he has been Chief Minister of Gujarat for 13 consecutive years. In 2014, the 16th Indian People's House election led the People's Party to win more than half of its seats. Inaugurated as Prime Minister on May 26, 2014. May 25, 2019, re-appointed Prime Minister 

Successive Indian prime ministers

1. Jawaharlal Nehru August 15, 1947-May 27, 1964
Acting Prime Minister Gulzari Lal Nanda May 27, 1964-June 9, 1964
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri June 9, 1964-January 11, 1966
Acting Prime Minister Gulzari Lal Nanda January 11, 1966-January 24, 1966
3. Indira Gandhi January 24, 1966-March 24, 1977 Indian National Congress Party
4. Morarji Ranchhodji Desai March 24, 1977-July 28, 1979 People's Party
5. Chaudhury Charan Singh July 28, 1979-January 24, 1980 People's Party
6. Indira Gandhi January 14, 1980-October 31, 1984 Indian National Congress Party
7. Rajiv Gandhi October 31, 1984-December 2, 1989 Indian National Congress Party
8. Vishwanath Pratap Singh December 2, 1989-November 10, 1990 (The National Front)
9, Chandra Shekhar (November 10, 1990-June 21, 1991) Social People's Party
10. P.V. Narasimha Rao June 21, 1991-May 16, 1996
11. Atal Behari Vajpayee May 16, 1996-June 1, 1996 Bhartiya Janta Party
12. Deve Gowda June 1, 1996-April 21, 1997 United Front
13. Inder Kumar Gujral, April 21, 1997-March 19, 1998 United Front
14. Atal Bihari Vajpayee March 19, 1998-May 22, 2004 In Bhartiya Janta Party
15. Manmohan Singh May 22, 2004-May 26, 2014
16. Narendra Modi May 26, 2014-Present Bhartiya Janta Party

Indian Prime Ministers List Chart

Due to the different national systems (political systems) of different countries

In some countries, a presidential democratic republic is implemented. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. In this way, the president has the executive power of the country and is the person in power. (USA, South Africa, South Korea)
In other countries, parliamentary democratic republics are implemented. In these countries, the president is only the head of state, and is usually a courtesy. (Germany, India, Greece)
There are also some countries that have a constitutional monarchy. In such countries, the monarch is the head of state, but the head of government is in the hands of the Prime Minister (Prime Minister) of the Cabinet. Therefore, the Prime Minister of the Cabinet has more power than the monarch. (UK, Japan, Thailand).

Indian media: India's prime minister promises to retain more positions for senior caste poor
The ruling party in India is pushing for a bill to make employment more accessible to poorer, high-caste people. Opponents, however, question that there is no commitment to create new jobs, but political tactics.

CNN reported on the 9th that a bill supported by India's ruling party, the People's Party, was passed in India's lower house. This bill will amend the national constitution to make "lower-level citizens" eligible for employment quotas.

CNN said that according to India's affirmative action system, the Indian government had previously reserved 50% of government and educational institutions to people with low castes, or "socially and educationally backward" people. If the new amendment is passed, it will retain another 10% of jobs for lower-income people in higher castes. At present, the bill was passed in the lower house on the 9th, but it still needs the approval of the upper house to take effect.

Regarding the passage of the bill in the House of Commons, Indian Prime Minister Modi tweeted: "We are firmly committed to the principle of 'united and common development' (Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas)." CNN explained, The principle Modi said was the slogan of the People's Party. Modi also wrote: "We work hard to ensure that every poor person, regardless of caste or belief, can lead a dignified life and have every opportunity possible.

CNN said that in the 2014 election, Modi had promised to provide millions of new positions. Critics believe Modi has so far failed to deliver on that promise. The amendments have been viewed by critics as a repackaging of their image a few months before the election in India.

Members of India’s main opposition party, the Congress Party, said the bill did not actually create new jobs. The congressional spokesman told reporters: "If new jobs are not created, then a commitment to retain employment quotas may just be another false promise to fulfill the promises made during the campaign."

The well-known Indian political critic Shekhar Gupta also believes that the bill proposed by the People's Party is a "cynic and desperate strategy", which means that the People's Party leadership has been more nervous about elections than people have Imagine.

Prime Monisters of the Great Country India known as Bharat Mata


The Hindu, one of India's leading newspapers, also published an editorial criticizing the BJP, saying it used a system designed to correct historical errors as a political tool. The article said: "Previously, quotas were reserved to eliminate historical injustice and social exclusion, but the question is whether we should expand quotas to people who already have social and educational capital based on income alone."












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